- Slides: 18
Poetry Learning about Poetry
Elements of Poetry What is poetry? Poetry is not: ¡ 1. Prose chopped up into lines 2. Sweet, fluffy descriptions 3. Proverbs that end in rhymes 4. Grand, stuffy language that sounds like something from the 16 th century
Elements of Poetry (cont. ) Poetry is language that’s alive. Question: What are the 3 most important ingredients in a poem? Music Emotion Magic
¡ Elements of Poetry ¡ ¡ Music is about rhythm and the way sounds rub together. Everyone has emotions. Just think of how many emotions you have felt today. Now imagine all the emotions you have ever experienced in your life. Tap into one of these feelings and make the reader feel what you felt, experience that same emotion. Magic- not hocus pocus, abra-cadabra magic, but the ability to see things around you in a whole new way.
Elements of Poetry (cont. ) To do this, poets use a variety of specific elements and techniques: 1. 2. 3. Sound Devices Figurative Language Sensory Language
Sound Devices ¡ ¡ ¡ Sound devices add a musical quality to poetry. Poets use these devices to enhance a poem’s mood and meaning. There are five common sound devices that poets use.
Sound Devices (cont. ) 1. Rhyme: the repetition of sounds at the ends of words, such as pool, rule and fool. ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻓﻴﺔ 2. Rhythm: the beat created by the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables: The cat sat on the mat. ﺍﻹﻳﻘﺎﻉ 3. Repetition: the use of any element of language – a sound, word, phrase, clause or sentence – more than once. ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﺍﺭ
Sound Devices (cont. ) 4. Onomatopoeia: the use of words that imitate sounds: crash, bang, hiss, splat. ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺗﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﺤﺎﻛﺎﺓ 5. Alliteration: the repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words: lovely lonely lights. ﺟﻨﺎﺱ
Figurative Language ¡ Figurative language is writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally. ¡ The many types of figurative language are called figures of speech. ¡ Writers use three common figures of speech to state ideas in a vivid and imaginative way.
Figurative Language (cont. ) 1. Metaphors describe one thing as if it were something else. They often point out a similarity between two unlike things: The snow was a white blanket over the town. ������ �� 2. Similes use like or as to compare two apparently unlike things and show similarities between the two: She is as slow as a turtle. �������
Figurative Language (cont. ) 3. Personification gives human qualities to something that is nonhuman: The ocean crashed angrily during the storm. �����
Sensory Language ¡ ¡ Sensory language is writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the five senses – sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch. This language creates word pictures, or images.
Forms of Poetry ¡ Poems can tell stories, describe natural events, and express feelings. ¡ Some poems are shaped to look like their subjects, and others follow strict patterns of rhyme, rhythm or syllables. ¡ By reading poems, you can learn a new way to see something that you have looked at hundreds of times before. ¡ There are many different kinds - or forms - of poems.
Forms of Poetry (cont. ) Narrative: Poetry that tells a story in verse. Narrative poems often have elements similar to those in a short story, such as plot and characters. The Little Boy and the Old Man by Shel Silverstein Said the little boy, "Sometimes I drop my spoon. " Said the old man, "I do that too. " The little boy whispered, "I wet my pants. " "I do that too, " laughed the little old man. Said the little boy, "I often cry. " The old man nodded, "So do I. " "But worst of all, " said the boy, "it seems Grown-ups don't pay attention to me. " And he felt the warmth of a wrinkled old hand. "I know what you mean, " said the little old man.
Forms of Poetry (cont. ) Lyric: Poetry that expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in highly musical verse. " I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud" by William Wordsworth I WANDERED lonely as a cloud That floats on high o'er vales and hills, When all at once I saw a crowd, A host, of golden daffodils; Beside the lake, beneath the trees, Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
Forms of Poetry (cont. ) Concrete: Poems that are shaped to look like their subjects. The poet arranges the lines to create a picture on the page. Triangle I am a very special shape I have three points and three lines straight. Look through my words and you will see, the shape that I am meant to be. I'm just not words caught in a tangle. Look close to see a small triangle. My angles add to one hundred and eighty degrees, you learn this at school with your abc's. Practice your maths and you will see, some other fine examples of me.
Forms of Poetry (cont. ) A sonnet is a fixed form of lyric poetry that consists of fourteen lines, usually written in iambic pentameter. Traditional subjects include love and faith Iambic pentameter A metrical pattern in poetry which consists of five iambic feet per line. (An iamb, or iambic foot, consists of one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. )
Types of Sonnets The Petrarchan sonnet also known as the Italian sonnet, is divided into an octave (8 lines), which typically rhymes abba, and a sestet (6 lines), which may have varying rhyme schemes. Common rhyme patterns in the sestet are cdecde, cdcdcd, and cdccdc. Very often the octave presents a situation, attitude, or problem that the sestet comments upon or resolves The English or Shakespearean : the form was introduced to England by Sir Thomas Wyatt in the 16 th century and came to maturity with Shakespeare who wrote 154 sonnets. The rhyme scheme used is abab cdcd efef gg (7 rhymes). The epigrammatic force of the last couplet is very strong – sums up the message or gives it a twist The Spenserian: has an interlocking rhyme scheme abab bcbc cdcd ee.