Plural of NOUNS Author Feodorova I M teacher

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Plural of NOUNS Author: Feodorova I. M. (teacher of English) School: N 40

Plural of NOUNS Author: Feodorova I. M. (teacher of English) School: N 40

What should I know to do the test successfully ? ! RULE SPELLING exceptions

What should I know to do the test successfully ? ! RULE SPELLING exceptions uncountable nouns

It depends on the ending of a noun! -s, -ch, -x -sh, -ss -o

It depends on the ending of a noun! -s, -ch, -x -sh, -ss -o -f (-fe) other endings exceptions

If a noun ends in s, sh, ch and x in Sg it has

If a noun ends in s, sh, ch and x in Sg it has – es in Pl. boxes a box a brush a watch i: z watches a dress REMEMBER!!! brushes dresses a ox- oxen a fish- fish

If a noun ends in -f and -fe in Sg it is changed into

If a noun ends in -f and -fe in Sg it is changed into –ve and + Pl • • a knife a grief a life a leaf exceptions • • -s in knives grieves lives leaves a roofs a handkerchief a brief handkerchiefs briefs

o If a noun ends in – or + in Sg –es -s is

o If a noun ends in – or + in Sg –es -s is added in Pl. tomatoes only echoes -es heroes potatoes radios studios mosquitoes pianos stereos photos zoos kilos kangaroos videos cockatoos only -s discos

-s / -es Zero-zeros/ zeroes Dingodingos/dingoes Volcano-volcanos /volcanoes Dodododos/dodoes

-s / -es Zero-zeros/ zeroes Dingodingos/dingoes Volcano-volcanos /volcanoes Dodododos/dodoes

Spelling If a noun ends in: -y : it is always changed into -i

Spelling If a noun ends in: -y : it is always changed into -i ( after a cons-t) and + -es [iz] ( a city- cities) -e : it is always missed and + -es ( a plane- planes)

EXCEPTIONS a man – men No changes a postman- postmen a sheep- sheep a

EXCEPTIONS a man – men No changes a postman- postmen a sheep- sheep a woman- women a fish- fish / a deer- deer a mouse- mice N + -en oo – ee a child- children a tooth- teeth a fox- foxen a goose- geese

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS Uncountable nouns have no Plural. money news friendship happiness … But there

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS Uncountable nouns have no Plural. money news friendship happiness … But there are nouns which are used only in Plural. trousers scissors glasses shorts…

Rule and Pronouncation The plural is formed by -s mostly, and it can be

Rule and Pronouncation The plural is formed by -s mostly, and it can be pronounced differently: [z]: main [is]: cabs [s]: prices tables pilots horses doctors trips villages scarfs