Plant Science Introduction Standards and Objectives Original Power
Plant Science Introduction Standards and Objectives Original Power Point Created by Nancy Williams Modified by Georgia Agricultural Education Curriculum Office June 2002
Definition n n Plant science is first and foremost the science and technology of the production of crops. A crop is any plant used by human beings.
Other related areas n Agronomy - field crops, wheat, corn, soybeans n Horticulture - fruits, veggies, woody ornamentals and floriculture crops Forestry - wood and pulp production, recreation, wildlife and watershed management n n Weed science - deal with controlling and management of unwanted plants.
Where did our crops originate? n n n Southwestern and central Asia Mediterranean region Southwestern Asia Highlands of tropical America Why is this important to know? So, as research continues they can use the plants origin to improve its genetics!
What crops originated in America? n n n Cranberry Blueberry Pecan Plum Grape Strawberry
Why study Plant Science? n n List on your own sheet of paper 5 reasons explaining in detail why you as a high school Ag student are studying plant science. Be prepared to share these with the class.
What should we study? n n As a class we have determined why we should study plant science, but now list 5 things that we should study. Be prepared to share your list with the class.
Major Uses of Plants as FOOD n n n n Grains Starchy Foods Vegetables Fruits Sugar Crops Oil Crops Nut, Spice and Beverage Crops
GRAINS n n Grain yielding grasses are a major source of human food. In temperate regions, WHEAT is primary source. Warmer regions, RICE is primary source. Other major grain crops in grass family: n Corn, oats, rye, barley, millet and grain sorghum.
STARCHY FOODS n n n In addition to cereal grains, starchy roots and other plant parts have served as a food staple for centuries. EXAMPLES: Potatoes Sweet potato Cassava Yam Banana (in tropical regions of the world)
VEGETABLES n n n n Sweet corn Snap bean Pea Bean Lettuce Tomato These all contribute variety to the human diet as well as vitamins and minerals.
FRUITS n Tropical Regions Important Fruit Crops n n n n Banana Pineapple Mango Papaya Orange Lemon lime
FRUITS cont. n Popular fruit in temperate zones: n n n n Apple Pear Peach Cherry Plum Apricot Small fruits n n Grape, raspberry Strawberry, blackberry, blueberry and currant
Sugar Crops n n In spite of its lack of protein, vitamins and minerals, sugar is a major dietary component, especially in developed countries. Sugarcane - grown in tropical and subtropical climates Sugar beet - grown in temperate climates Many other plants contain starch that can be converted to sugar such as CORN SYRUP
Oil Crops n n Because of the relationship between heart disease and animal fats, plant oil crops especially soybean production has skyrocketed in the last 50 years Major sources of oil crops are: n n n n n Soybean Sunflower Peanut Corn Cottonseed Olive Coconut Safflower Certain Palms
Nut, Spice and Beverage Crops n Other components of a human diet n Nuts n n n Spices n n n Walnut Pecan Vanilla Pepper Allspice Oregano Beverages n n Coffee Chocolate Tea Cola
Nonfood Uses of Plants n Fiber Crops n Timber, Fuel and Pulp n Aesthetic Uses (? ? ? )
Fiber Crops n n Plant fibers have been used since prehistoric times to make cloth. Major sources: n n Natural fibers have been replaced with synthetics. n n Cotton and Flax Nylon, rayon, polyester Common to see a blend of natural and synthetic fibers together. n Cotton/polyester blend
Timber, Fuel and Pulp n n Forests provide us with timber for lumber products. Forest Management has been a major concern in the past 20 years. Forests provide for recreation such as hiking, camping, 4 -wheeling, hunting. Forests stabilize watershed areas, which affect fishing and boating activities.
Aesthetic Uses of Plants n n Aesthetic = the way something looks Using plants for beauty dates back to the dynastic EGYPTIANS. Today, we use cut flowers, turf grasses, green foliage. All of these take into account other aspects of plant science such as seeds, fertilizer, equipment and care.
Other Plant Products n n n Medicines Drugs Perfumes Cosmetics Insecticides Industrial chemicals
Careers in Plant Science (with a high school diploma) n n n n Greenhouse caretaker Plant propagator Orchard Care Taker Pesticide Applicator Groundskeeper Tractor Operator Combine harvester
Careers in Plant Science with a 2 year (associate's) degree n n n Greenhouse manager Golf course manager Pesticide dealer Crop supply salesperson Greenhouse supply salesperson
4 -year degree job opportunities in Plant Science n n n n Crop marketing specialist Crop production specialist Fertilizer technologist Erosion control scientist Soil conservationist Seed technologist Turf grass specialist
Graduate level careers in Plant Science n n n n Plant geneticist Plant breeder Biotechnologist Genetic engineer Plant pathologist Plant physiologist Statistician Weed scientist
Review n n WHAT IS PLANT SCIENCE? IN WHAT WAYS DO PLANTS AFFECT YOU ON A DAILY BASIS? WHAT ARE SOME JOBS IN PLANT SCIENCE? WHAT IS THE FUTURE OF AGRICULTURE AND THE PLANT SCIENCE INDUSTRY?