PLANT AND ANIMAL CELL By Wenny Pintalitna
LEARNING OUTLINE TERM OF CELL ORGANELLES IN PLANT CELL ORGANELLES IN ANIMAL CELL
Term of Cell • Home as “living things” • Rooms as “organ”, • Wall as “tissue” • Batu-bata as “cell”. This organization level known as structural unit of living things. Cells called as functional smallest unit of living things. Gambar rumah? ?
Organelles of Cell A Busy Factory
All cells have 3 basic parts: • Cell membrane: very thin covering that forms the boundary of the cell and allows certain substances to move into and out of the cell • Cytoplasm: gel-like substance inside the cell membrane that contain a large amount of water, but also contains chemicals that carry out the life processes of the cell • Nucleus: controls a cell’s activities and holds the cell’s genetic material
Comparison Between Plant and Animal Cell Plant Animal Chloroplast Lysosomes Cell wall Big Vacuole Glioksisom Centrioles Small Vacuole Plant and Animal Mitochondria Ribosome Cell Membrane Nucleus ER Golgi Apparatus Perixomes
Lysosome “to break down food into particles the rest of the cell can use and to destroy old cells” Sentriole Small Vacuole “Involving in assembly of spindle microtubules, replicates during cell division” “Stores water So that makes lettuce crisp. When there is no water, the plant wilts”. Animal Cell Centrosome “produce microtubules, involve in cell division”
Mitochondria “Energy formation Breaks down food to make ATP” Perixomes roles including converting fatty acids to sugar and assisting chloroplasts in photorespiration. Golgi Apparatus “Packages, modifies, and transports materials to different location inside/outside of the cell Plant and Animal Cell Endoplasmic Reticulum production of hormones and other Ribosome “makes proteins” Cell Membrane “covering the boundary of the cell and allows certain substances to move into and out of the cell“ Nucleus “holds the DNA, control center”
SHORT STORY “The small fault will be bringing big impact”
MIRACLE WORDS • The danger of small mistakes is that those mistakes are not always small • It’s better if we commit for ourselves to do the best in daily life or in our job • Be someone who can be counted upon, someone who responds.
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 1. Nucleus – – Nickname: “The Control Center” Diameter : 5 micrometer Function: holds the DNA Parts: 1. Nucleolus: dark spot in the middle of the nucleus that helps make ribosomes 2. Karyotheca : cover and protector of nucleus 3. Nucleoplasm : nucleic liquid (gel) composed of ions, protein, enzymes, chromatine.
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 2. Ribosomes – Function: makes proteins – Diameter: 20 nm – Found in all cells, prokaryotic and eukaryotic
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 3. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) – Nickname: “Roads” – Function: The internal delivery system of the cell ( serves the function as passage in cytoplasm connecting to nucleus) – Rough RE, Smooth RE
Endoplasmic Reticulum – 2 Types: 1. Rough ER: – Rough appearance because it has ribosomes – Function: helps make proteins, that’s why it has ribosomes 2. Smooth ER: – NO ribosomes – Function: makes fats or lipids
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 4. Lysosomes: circular, but bigger than ribosomes) – Nickname: “Clean-up Crews” – Containing various enzyme. – Function: to break down food into particles the rest of the cell can use and to destroy old cells
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 5. Golgi Complex – Nickname: The shippers – Function: (usual found in gland cells) carry and change the materials chemically; produce mucose, wax (sticky secretion); form active digestive system. – Appearance: stack of pancakes
6. Mitochondria – Nickname: “The Powerhouse” – Function: Energy formation • Breaks down food to make ATP – ATP: is the major fuel for all cell activities
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 7. Vacuoles – Function: stores water – Plant cell has large size caused : (membangun turgor sel) ( containing antocyanin pigment) ( containing hydrolytic enzyme) ( storage of metabolism waste) ( food storage)
8. Chloroplasts – Function: traps energy from the sun to produce food for the plant cell – Green in color because of chlorophyll, which is a green pigment
Skeleton • Rangka sel • It has function in cell movement • Microtubulus (24 nm) • Microfilament ( 7 nm) Cillia Diameter 0. 2 micrometer Flagella
Eukaryotic Cell Organelles and Function 9. Cell Wall – Function: provides support and protection to the cell membrane – Found outside the cell membrane in plant cells
Congratulations • You now know all the vocabulary for cells
QUIZ Plant Cell …. . Animal Cell…. Plant and Animal cell….