Picasso (Pablo Ruiz Picasso) “Picasso had more influence than any other artist in the history of the world. He made people see in a different way”
His Life n n In October 1881, he was born in Malaga, Spain He had his first exhibition at age 13 in La Coruña At age 16, he won his first award for “Ciencias y Caridad” (science & charity) in Madrid at the Fine Arts Exhibition. He went to Paris in 1900 then returned to Spain with his good friend Carles Casagemas who committed suicide leading to his depression and the Blue Period.
His Life—Con’t. n n n He moved to Paris permanently in 1904 where he came out of his depression and the Blue Period In 1907 he painted “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (Ladies of Avignon Street) which is considered to be the first cubist painting. From 1909 -1912, he worked with George Braque to create what is known as cubism. In 1916, he began working on a design for the Ballet Russes w/Eric Satie He painted one of his greatest masterpieces, “Guernica” (11 ½ X 25 ½ foot canvas for the Pavillion at the World’s Fair in Paris in 1937.
His Life—Con’t. n n n He created the Chicago sculpture in 1964. He has 4 children from 3 different women; Paolo (1921), Maya (1935), Claude (1947), & Paloma (1949) He died in April of 1973, at the age of 91.
His Style n n n He is considered one of the greatest, most prolific, and most influential artists of the 20 th century He created over 22, 000 works of art. His art has been separated into several periods 1. Blue Period : 1901 -1907 n n Period of mourning my friend Monochromatic paintings with blue tints Scenes of devastation, poverty, starvation, & depression Prostitutes, beggars, & drunks are frequent subjects
His Style-Con’t. 2. Rose Period: 1904 -1907 n n n Period after falling in love with Fernande Olivier Brighter colors including pink & orange Harlequins, circus performers, & clowns are frequent subjects 3. Cubism: 1909 -1910 n n Created this style with Georges Braque Based on African art and sculpture Takes apart objects and “analyzes” them in terms of their shapes An abstract distortion of reality with mix of impressionism
His Style-Con’t. 4. Neoclassicism & Surrealism: 1920 -1930 s Neo. : draw from classical art & culture of Ancient Greece & Rome n Sur. : arrangements and distortions of images to reflect dreams (from 1935 -1936 he actually stopped painting to write surrealist poetry) “Everything you can imagine is real. ” (Pablo Picasso) n
The Old Guitartist (1903) • One of the most famous paintings from the Blue Period • Depicts an old, blind man in threadbare clothing hunched over his guitar • He is playing in the streets of Barcelona • An interesting fact is that “several x-rays, infrared images, & curators revealed 3 different figures behind the old guitarist”.
Picasso Family of Saltimbanques (1905) Example of the Rose Period Saltimbanques were the lowest order of acrobats Inspired by a group of performers he and his colleagues befriended at the Cirque Medrano Picasso liked the circus people, their agility, ability to create illusion & gypsylike lives Picasso identified most closely with the clowns, who masked their true selves with costumes and makeup In this painting, Picasso portrays himself as the harlequin in a diamond-pattern costume (harlequins are funny characters meant to make people laugh)
Picasso--Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (The Young Ladies of Avignon) 1907 Considered to be the 1 st cubist painting Portrays 5 nude prostitutes from Avignon, a street in Barcelona where sailors found popular brothels Based on African art & sculpture that he saw while visiting the Tracadero Museum in Paris Two women on the right have tribal masks while the rest do not. Forms are broken down into simple shapes including the still life in front of the ladies.
Picasso—Guernica (1937) Created for the Spanish pavilion at the World’s Fair in Paris A response to the bombing of a town called Guernica by German & Italian warplanes during the Spanish civil war Shows the tragedies and suffering of war that is inflicted on the innocent
• It is 11 feet by 25. 6 feet in black & white • The scene is a room where a bull stands over a woman grieving for her dead child • In the center is a horse that has been run through with a spear • There are 2 hidden images in formed by the horse: a human skull overlays its body a bull’s head is formed by the horse’s front leg, the knee forms the nose & a horn appears within the horse’s chest