Physical Fitness Vs Personal Fitness Physical Fitness Physical

  • Slides: 66
Download presentation
Physical Fitness Vs. Personal Fitness

Physical Fitness Vs. Personal Fitness

Physical Fitness Physical fitness is your ability to carry out tasks without undue fatigue.

Physical Fitness Physical fitness is your ability to carry out tasks without undue fatigue. We will learn about the components of physical fitness: cardiorespiratory endurance, muscle strength, muscle endurance, flexibility and body composition. You are physically fit when you are able to carry out daily tasks with out undue fatigue, are able to handle emergency situations, and possess sufficient energy to enjoy leisure-time activities.

Personal Fitness A plan designed specifically for YOU to select activities to improve YOUR

Personal Fitness A plan designed specifically for YOU to select activities to improve YOUR lifestyle.

10 BENEFITS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 1. IMPROVED APPEARANCE -Helps control/maintain weight -End result is

10 BENEFITS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY 1. IMPROVED APPEARANCE -Helps control/maintain weight -End result is feeling better about yourself 2. IMPROVED BODY IMMAGE -See yourself more positively -Increases self-esteem 3. IMPROVED SELF-CONTROL -Taking control of your body and lifestyle usually decreases stress and depression levels -Increases self-confidence -Increase self-discipline

4. IMPROVED HEALTH -Having a daily fitness routine decreases heart disease and illnesses. -Enhances

4. IMPROVED HEALTH -Having a daily fitness routine decreases heart disease and illnesses. -Enhances digestive system, providing better elimination of waste product by body. 5. INCREASE MUSCULAR STRENGTH & ENDURANCE -Males want strength and bulk -Females want firm well toned bodies -End result equals improved personal appearance and self-confidence. 6. INCREASED LEVEL OF ENERGY -Being tired during the day is a direct result of poor lifestyle choices. -Your body is like a car… -A higher energy level is one outcome following a physical fitness program. -A high level of physical activity prevents fatigue. -Over time you will be able to play longer, gain more skill, and increase your success rate.

7. IMPROVED PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE -If you are already physically fit, you will be able

7. IMPROVED PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE -If you are already physically fit, you will be able to participate in activities for an even longer period of time. -You will be willing to try other sports or activities 8. INCREASED SUCCESS IN SCHOOLWORK OR JOB -Research shows increased physical fitness help with academic achievement. -As your body becomes more efficient, you function more efficiently. 9. HELPS COPE WITH STRESS -Helps provide relief from daily anxieties. 10. INCREASE LIFE EXPECTANCY -Your body will last longer if taken care of properly. -Many diseases are attributed to inactivity. -Reduces stress levels.

PRIMARY HEALTH RISK FACTORS You can significantly change the current state of your health,

PRIMARY HEALTH RISK FACTORS You can significantly change the current state of your health, as well as the state of your future by controlling diseases, disabilities or premature death.

Health Risk Factors üInactivity üObesity üHigh Blood Pressure üHigh Levels of Cholesterol üStress and

Health Risk Factors üInactivity üObesity üHigh Blood Pressure üHigh Levels of Cholesterol üStress and Tension üSmoking üSex of an Individual üHeredity üAge

Health Risk Factors üInactivity üObesity üHigh Blood Pressure üHigh Levels of Cholesterol üStress and

Health Risk Factors üInactivity üObesity üHigh Blood Pressure üHigh Levels of Cholesterol üStress and Tension üSmoking üSex of an Individual üHeredity üAge

Ø INACTIVITY -staying active reduces heart problems. Ø OBESITY -initial stages begin in childhood.

Ø INACTIVITY -staying active reduces heart problems. Ø OBESITY -initial stages begin in childhood. -being obese also causes problems socially and emotionally. Ø HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE -major cause of heart disease. -may be hereditary, but may be caused by stress, work, and peer pressure.

Ø HIGH LEVELS OF CHOLESTEROL -waxy fatty substance found in cells (it is needed

Ø HIGH LEVELS OF CHOLESTEROL -waxy fatty substance found in cells (it is needed by body). - cholesterol may collect in blood vessels and clog them, causing heart disease. Ø STRESS AND TENSION -unnecessary stress and tension may place strain on the heart and circulatory system. -most affected are TEENS Ø SMOKING -circulatory and respiratory diseases.

ØSEX OF INDIVIDUAL -men usually have higher rates of heart disease than women. -women

ØSEX OF INDIVIDUAL -men usually have higher rates of heart disease than women. -women are smoking more, increasing the rate of heart disease of women. ØHEREDITY -if family members have/had circulatory disorders chances are you will! ØAGE -advancing in age increase developing heart disease. -the longer one lives, the more plaque builds up in arteries.

Health Related Components of how well the systems of your body operate. 1. Flexibility

Health Related Components of how well the systems of your body operate. 1. Flexibility 2. Cardiorespitory Fitness 3. Muscular Strength 4. Muscular Endurance 5. Body Composition

Flexibility The ability to move body joints through a full range of motion. Over

Flexibility The ability to move body joints through a full range of motion. Over time flexibility decreases. Helps reduce the likely hood of injuries. Prevents post exercise pain (muscle stiffness and spasms). Ø Stretching before exercise increases blood supply to muscles and raises their temperature to make them more flexible. Ø Stretching after exercise prevents blood from pooling in exercised areas. Ø Helps relieve emotional tension. Ø Ø Ø

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Ability of the heart, blood vessels and the respiratory system to supply

Cardiorespiratory Fitness Ability of the heart, blood vessels and the respiratory system to supply oxygen and necessary fuel to the muscles during exercise. #1 type is aerobic activity… 20 -60 minutes daily…jogging, swimming, jump roping, biking, etc. Ø Increases energy level, causing you to exercise longer without tiring. Ø Good for weight control Ø Pulse Rate=pressure of blood in arteries -Carotid artery (neck) -Wrist Ø

Ø Resting HR (50 -100 BPM): Your heart rate just before you get out

Ø Resting HR (50 -100 BPM): Your heart rate just before you get out of bed *Active person=lower resting HR=heart pumps more blood with each beat. *Inactive=higher resting HR=heart has to work harder to pump blood. Maximum HR: the rate you should not exceed during exercise *220 -Age Ø Target HR Zone: the rate you want your heart to be during Ø exercise *220 -AGE X 50% for lower level *220 -AGE X 85% for higher level To achieve values of cardiovascular training you must maintain 50 -85% of Maximum HR for 20 minutes Ø Recovery HR: your heart rate within 5 minutes after exercise Ø

Muscular Strength & Endurance MS: The ability of a muscle group to apply a

Muscular Strength & Endurance MS: The ability of a muscle group to apply a maximal force against a resistance force one time. ME: The ability to repeat muscle movement for a long period of time. Ø Provide good posture Ø Improve appearance Ø Help you perform better Ø Reduce fatigue Ø Prevents muscle injury and soreness Ø Helps avoid back pain

Body Composition The ratio of fat to muscle, bone, and other tissues that compose

Body Composition The ratio of fat to muscle, bone, and other tissues that compose your body. Body fat is needed Ø Muscle does not turn to fat Ø Fat does not turn to muscle Ø Extremely high or low amounts of body fat can cause health problems Ø

SKILL-RELATED FITNESS Items of concern with abilities related to sports or activities.

SKILL-RELATED FITNESS Items of concern with abilities related to sports or activities.

AGILITY The ability to change the position of your body and to control the

AGILITY The ability to change the position of your body and to control the movement of your whole body. BALANCE The ability to keep an upright posture while either standing still or moving. POWER The ability to perform with strength at rapid pace.

REACTION TIME The amount of time it takes to start a movement. COORDINATION The

REACTION TIME The amount of time it takes to start a movement. COORDINATION The intergration of eye, hand, and foot movements. SPEED The ability to cover a distance in a short period of time.

What is Goal Setting? • Almost anything you desire!! • Goals are guides for

What is Goal Setting? • Almost anything you desire!! • Goals are guides for how you do something, and gives you something to work towards – – – buying a car grades graduating college taking trips making an athletic trip achieving a desired profession saving money $$$$ body weight (gain, loss, or maintaining) gaining speed, strength, etc. jogging a mile hiking a mountain

Goals… • • • Serve as a guide Give you something to work towards

Goals… • • • Serve as a guide Give you something to work towards Help you achieve what you want!!! Are a process that helps improve yourself Make you feel good about yourself Help motivate you.

Two Types of Goals LONG-TERM GOALS: • Goals to be accomplished over a period

Two Types of Goals LONG-TERM GOALS: • Goals to be accomplished over a period of time: • Weeks • Months • Even years SHORT-TERM GOALS: • Goals to be achieved/accomplished in a short period of time. • Days • Weeks • Usually specific • Usually used to achieve long term goals

Examples of Personal Fitness Goals Cardiovascular: • Pacer Test (increase # of paces) •

Examples of Personal Fitness Goals Cardiovascular: • Pacer Test (increase # of paces) • Cycling for time or distance • Jogging for time/distance/# of lap • Jump roping for time or # of jumps in set period of time • Maintaining minimum/maximum HR for a set period of time. • Seed walking • Training for a particular activity/sport • Maintaining a level of fitness Flexibility: • Sit-n-reach • Daily stretching with warm-up and cool down

Muscular Strength and Endurance: • Increase # of daily sit-ups: (timed/daily routine) • Increase

Muscular Strength and Endurance: • Increase # of daily sit-ups: (timed/daily routine) • Increase # of daily push-ups (timed/daily routine) • Increase or maintain daily weight training (sets/reps and increasing weight over a period of time) • Pull-ups Body Composition • Weight (increase, decrease, maintain) • Body fat (increase, decrease, maintain)

Goal-Setting Steps 1. Desire 2. Believe in yourself. 3. Analyze where you are now.

Goal-Setting Steps 1. Desire 2. Believe in yourself. 3. Analyze where you are now. (pre-test) 4. Set realistic goals. 5. Write your goals in detail. (based on PT) 6. List benefits you will receive. 7. Identify obstacles you may face. 8. Identify knowledge you will need. (binder) 9. Make a plan of action. 10. Develop a timeline. 11. Monitor your progress. (binder) 12. Never give up.

Principles of Training Principle of Overload Exposing the muscles, joints, cardiovascular and respiratory systems

Principles of Training Principle of Overload Exposing the muscles, joints, cardiovascular and respiratory systems to more work and stress than is normally experienced. Ø Ø The body becomes stronger and functions better if increased demands are placed upon it. The amount of overload (exercise) varies with each individual

FITT Principle Four ways to achieve overload in a physical fitness program: Frequency, Intensity,

FITT Principle Four ways to achieve overload in a physical fitness program: Frequency, Intensity, Time, & Type

Frequency Ø How OFTEN one should exercise to improve a component of physical fitness.

Frequency Ø How OFTEN one should exercise to improve a component of physical fitness. The number of times you workout a week. Exercise must be performed regularly if you intend to reach and maintain an adequate level of fitness. Intensity How HARD one should exercise to improve fitness.

Time How LONG one exercise to improve fitness. Ø Ø How many minutes you

Time How LONG one exercise to improve fitness. Ø Ø How many minutes you jog, lift weights, stretch, etc. To be effective, exercise must be maintained for a certain length of time. Type Changing the TYPE of exercise you are doing… High rep to low rep, Plyometric, circuit training, etc…

Principle of Progression Increasing your workload progressively for maximum improvement and to prevent injuries.

Principle of Progression Increasing your workload progressively for maximum improvement and to prevent injuries. Ø Ø Principle of Overload Doing more work than you normally do. Slowly and progressively apply stress (increased workload/exercise) to your body. Principle of Specificity Must do specific exercises to improve specific components of physical fitness and specific body parts.

Personal Fitness Activities Group & Individual Warm-Up Weight Lifting Exercise Balls Medicine Ball Calisthenics

Personal Fitness Activities Group & Individual Warm-Up Weight Lifting Exercise Balls Medicine Ball Calisthenics (push-ups, sit-ups, pull-ups, agility ladder & plyometric training, etc Cardio Equipment (ellipticals, treadmills, stationary bike, etc. ) Aerobics

Kickboxing BOSU Training Rebounding (trampoline) Trail Walking/Jogging Yoga/Pilates Mountain Biking In-Line Skating Climbing Wall

Kickboxing BOSU Training Rebounding (trampoline) Trail Walking/Jogging Yoga/Pilates Mountain Biking In-Line Skating Climbing Wall

Daily, Weekly & Monthly Steps To Designing & Participating in Personal Fitness 1. Evaluation:

Daily, Weekly & Monthly Steps To Designing & Participating in Personal Fitness 1. Evaluation: Pre-Fitness Testing (pacer, situp, push-up, sit-n-reach. 2. Goal Setting: setting goals after evaluation of pre and mid fitness testing. 3. Demonstration of all fitness activities made available to you. 4. Applying FIT Training Principle daily in your programs and personal fitness folders. 5. Periodic Assessment: Mid-Term and Final Fitness Testing.

Personal Fitness Daily Routine 1. Read the white wash board outside the girls locker

Personal Fitness Daily Routine 1. Read the white wash board outside the girls locker room 2. Dress-out. 3. Follow Warm-Up directions found on white wash board. 4. Dino’s upon my direction. 5. Activity directed by Mr. Vander Valk or Personal Fitness activities.

Fitness Folder Tabs (MUST BE IN ORDER) Activity Logs first…no divider before them (3)

Fitness Folder Tabs (MUST BE IN ORDER) Activity Logs first…no divider before them (3) • Goals & Data: Health Components & Fitness Testing(1) • Dynos (5) • Suggested Activities (2) • Exercise Ball (4) • Medicine Ball (6) • Abs (4) • Ladder (2) • Weight Lifting (2) • HRM Sheets (none…added later) • Rubrics (none…added later) • Blank

Journal 1/7/13 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. I learned 1 st semester…

Journal 1/7/13 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. I learned 1 st semester… I know that this semester… I need… I will…. I won’t… I look forward to… Celebrate what is right:

Group Collaboration What is physical fitness? What is personal fitness? Why do people like

Group Collaboration What is physical fitness? What is personal fitness? Why do people like physical activity? Why do people avoid physical activity? What are personal fitness activities “likes”? What are physical fitness activities “dislikes”?

Group Collaboration Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6

Group Collaboration Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5 Group 6 Hudson Chrisopher V. Cristofer A. Ashley L. Manuel Jesse Hector Rylee Joe Marcus Lizeth Jared Oralia Ariel Lainey William Arynn Yelisa Mariah Ricardo Sergio C. J. Anthony

Obesity Rates in the U. S. 1995 -2010

Obesity Rates in the U. S. 1995 -2010

Obesity Rates in the U. S. 1995 -2010

Obesity Rates in the U. S. 1995 -2010

Long Term or Short Term? ?

Long Term or Short Term? ?

Final Exam Expectations Ø All tables must be cleared…only your test and writing utensil.

Final Exam Expectations Ø All tables must be cleared…only your test and writing utensil. Ø Be respectful of others NO talking during or after until everyone is finished!! Ø Talking the 1 st time = -5 pts!!! Ø Talking the 2 nd time = a zero on the test and cannot be made up!!! Ø Respect each others work protect your test!!! Ø Cheating= Zero and cannot be made up!!! Ø If someone is cheating off of your test it will be taken away as well. This will be made up at a later time!!! Ø Always have something to read, or to work on after a test! I-pods are permitted after your test has been turned in! NO texting or usage of cell