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Physical Activity + Insufficient in School: Depriving Children of Their Need to Move! Dr. Ralph Porras PGSUD Superintendant Alison Lord Kinesiology Major, Exercise Science Concentration
Lack of Movement in School is a HUGE Issue! Currently… • Focus placed on test scores • Only 20% of schools require daily recess • Only 6 states require physical education in every grade, California not included. ("Active kids do, " 2013) Even though… • Cognitive function improves when children are active!
Urgency to Implement Physical Activity in School • The childhood obesity epidemic has reached a crisis level – Nearly 1/3 of children and adolescents are obese. – 2/3 kids are inactive Image 2 ("Active kids do, " 2013) • Obesity is linked to poor academic performance (Datar, 2004)
HOW? -The Reasons Behind School Inactivity No Child Left Behind • Fixation to improve student test scores • Time spent reading by 47% and 37% in mathematics. • Time for physical education by 35% and 28% in recess (Physical Activity, n. d. ) Budget Constraints • 44% of schools decreased elective classes (SPARK, 2011) • Average physical education budget per year: -Elementary schools: $460 -Middle schools: $900 -High schools: $1, 370 (NASPE Media & Advocacy, 2010) Image
How to Make a Change • Sell the facts • More Recess! Image 4 • Implement Programs that encourage physical activity in school • Classroom based movement • Quality AND quantity -act
1. “Sell” the Facts -Use evidence based research to spark desire for change Image 5 -Advocate!
2. Implement Programs • Helps create active environments • Provides training and monetary support Image 6 • Public recognition
RECESS! Image 7 3. -Facilitates social development -Benefits performance and behavior in the classroom -40% of recommended daily physical activity can be accumulated during recess (Beighle, 2012)
4. Classroom Based Movemen • Reading & role-play Image 8 • Math & jumping jacks Image 9
5. Quality & Quantity • Students active only 5 -7 minutes of a typical 30 minute PE class • No benefits, if physical education programs are not of quality • QUALITY physical activity is crucial!
Conclusion. _Eliminating PE is ineffective _Children’s brains and bodies benefit from movement _Children are victims of inactivity, cannot reach full potential _Schools are shortchanging students. _Reach out to programs _Provide and promote ample recess and PE Movement is the key to success! Image
Image s: Title Page Image http: //www. clker. com/cliparts/G/q/c/F/2/G/children-black-hi. png Image 2 http: //tomatotalk. earthfare. com/2010/03/11/childhood-obesity-know-how-bad-it-is/ Image 3 http: //chillyb 21. files. wordpress. com/2011/09/nclb-cartoon 1. gif Image 4 http: //www. healthyplaceschicago. org/school/help-happen-school. lasso Image 5 http: //www. kswla. org/Advocacy. JPG Image 6 http: //www. underconsideration. com/brandnew/archives/lets_move_schools_logo_detail. gif Image 7 http: //images. sciencedaily. com/2009/01/090126173835 -large. jpg Image 8 http: //nikoulearningcenter. com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/IMG_0529 -2 ga 0 n 5 e. jpeg Image 9 http: //ww 2. hdnux. com/photos/13/33/44/2996493/9/628 x 471. jpg Image 10
References Active kids do better. (2013). Retrieved from http: //letsmoveschools. org/ Beighle, A. (2012). Increasing physical activity through recess. Retrieved from activelivingresearch. org/increasing-physical-activity-through-recess Datar, A. , Sturm, R. , & Magnabosco, J. (2004). Childhood overweight and academic performance: National study of kindergartners and first-graders. Obesity Research, 12(1), 58 -68. Mehaffey, M. (2002, October). No child left behind act raises the accountability bar for schools. Retrieved from http: //education. wm. edu/centers/ttac/resources/articles/legalissues/raiseaccount/index. php NASPE Media & Advocacy. (2010). School physical education budgets a cause for alarm in new trends. Retrieved from http: //www. aahperd. org/naspe/advocacy/media. Center/press. Releases/Budget-Survey. cfm Physical Activity Promotion in Education. (n. d. ). National Coalition for Promoting Physical Activity. Retrieved from www. physicalactivityplan. org/resources/NPAP_Fact_Sheet-Education. pdf Shephard, Roy J. 1997. Curricular physical activity and academic performance. Pediatric Exercise Science 9: 113– 26. SPARK. (2011). The effect of budget cuts on physcial education [Web Graphic]. Retrieved from http: //www. sparkpe. org/blog/the-effect-of-budget-cuts-on-physical-education/ The five secret benefits of recess. (2013). Retrieved from http: //www. playworks. org/blog/five-secret-benefitsschool-recess Yancey, A. (2010). Instant Recess : Building a Fit Nation 10 Minutes at a Time. Berkeley: University of California Press.
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