Phrases Clauses Sentence Type Phrases Prepositional phrases Begin
Phrases, Clauses & Sentence Type
Phrases • Prepositional phrases – Begin with a preposition – Common prepositions: • in • on • under • around • with • to
Phrases • Do not have a subject –To the store. • Who went to the store? OR • Do not have a verb –The candy. • The candy did what?
Clauses • Must have a subject AND a verb. 1. The children love pizza. 2. We went to the store. 3. Our family lives down the street. 4. The teacher likes her students.
Clauses • If the clause makes a complete thought (makes sense) = INDEPENDENT. • If the clause does not make a complete thought (doesn’t make sense) = DEPENDENT.
Practice Identify the group of words below as a clause or not a clause. If it’s a clause, tell whether it’s independent or dependent. 1. The students in the cafeteria. 2. We love pizza and fries. 3. Around the corner from my house. 4. The girl in the sweater loves cake. 5. Live in the house.
Subordinate Conjunctions • After • As if • Because • Until • During • Since • Even though • While • Before • Therefore • So that • Whenever
Sentence Types 1. Simple 2. Compound 3. Complex 4. Compound-complex
Sentence Type 1. The children love pizza. 2. The children love pizza and they like hot wings. 3. Because the children love pizza, they like hot wings. 4. The children love pizza and they like hot wings because their mom can cook.
Practice Determine whether each group of words is a phrase, dependent clause or independent clause. 1. We live in the neighborhood. 2. The neighborhood. 3. Around the corner. 4. Next to the locker. 5. Students listen to the teacher.
Practice Determine the sentence type of each sentence below. 1. Because we like school, we come everyday. 2. She loves cookies. 3. We do not like water, but we like soda. 4. They live near us even though they ride another bus.