Phrases and Clauses English Grammar Clauses A clause
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Phrases and Clauses English Grammar
Clauses • A clause is a group of words that contain a verb ( and usually other components too). A clause may form part of a sentence or it may be a complete sentence. • He was eating a bacon sandwich (Clause) She had a long career (clause) but she is remembered mainly for one early work. (clause)
Main Clause • Every sentence contains at least one main clause. A main clause may form a compound sentence or a complex sentence, but it also makes sense on its own. • He was eating a bacon sandwich
Compound Sentences • Compound sentences are made up of two or more main clauses linked by a conjunction such as and, but, or, so, (FANBOYS) • I love sport (mc) and (conj) I’m captain of the football team. (mc) • She was born in Spain (mc) but (conj) her mother is Polish (mc)
Subordinate clause • A subordinate clause depends on a main clause for its meaning. Together with a main clause, a subordinate clause forms part of a complex sentence. • There are two main types of subordinate clauses: conditional clauses and relative clauses • After we had lunch, we went back to work. • I first saw her in Paris, where I lived in the early nineties.
Conditional Clause • A conditional clause is one that • If it looks like rain (conditional clause) usually begins with if or unless and describes something that is possible or probable. a simple shelter can be made out of a plastic sheet (main clause) • I’ll be home tomorrow unless the plane’s delayed for hours.
Relative Clause • A relative clause is one connected to a main clause by a word such as which, that, whom, whose, when, where, or who: • I first saw her in Paris, (MC) where I lived in the early nineties. (relative clause) • She wants to be with Thomas, who is best suited to take care of her.