- Slides: 21
Photography Elements of Art and Principles of Design
The Elements of Art 1. Line-a point moving through space. 2. Shape-an enclosed space. 3. Value-the range of lightness and darkness in an image. 4. Texture-the surface feel of an object or how it appears it would feel in a 2 D representation. 5. Color-includes the use of primary colors to create secondary colors. By combining primary and secondary colors tertiary colors are created. Color schemes include. Analogous Complementary Monochromatic Split Complements
Line- movement, direction, stable, unstable Shape- organic/natural, man made Value- high key, low key, normal Texture- actual, implied (Space)- deep/shallow (Shape)- positive and negative
What is the positive shape? The tree or the field? What type of shapes are used in the image above? To the right? Objects below? Do you see any texture? Can you describe it? Which picture seems to show the deepest space? Why?
What elements of art are present in this photograph?
Warm Cool Complementary Split Complement Analogous Monochromatic
What color scheme or color set is dominant? What value key would this be considered? Is it predominately light or dark? What type of shapes do you see?
Harmony: involves repetition and rhythm Harmony Variety Balance Proportion Dominance Movement Economy How has harmony been used to this point in this presentation?
Balance: the visual weight and appearance of a composition/design Radial Balance radiates from a central point
Informal Balance: more visual weight on one side of a central axis and yet the image feels balanced
Symmetrical: identical on both sides of a central axis-mirror effect
Formal or approximate symmetry: visual weight appears to be equally distributed but is not identical on either side of a central axis
Scale-in proportion to human figure
Proportion: is the comparative relationship between the parts of a whole or units to size. Does the light values seem in proportion to the darker values? Does this image appear visually pleasing? Does any part seem to over power another? Does all the elements seem in proportion to each other? Variety: differences achieved by opposing, contrasting, changing, elaborating, or diversifying elements in a composition. Do you see different values, textures and patterns here?
Movement: the principle that directs eye travel by visual pathways in a work of art.
Economy: the distillation of the image to the basic essentials for clarity of presentation.
Dominance: the principle of art in which certain elements assume more importance than others in the same design. Some features are emphasized and others are subordinated.
What type of balance is this? Why? What principle of design is very important to this piece? What elements of art are present? Is this high key, low key, or average?
At your table discuss and determine the elements and principles that are used in this image. Is it high key, low key or average? Each side of the room will discuss one image.
As part of your bracketing assignment search out as many of the elements and principles as you can find as you shoot your film and determine exposures. You must shoot at least one roll of film but if you so choose you may shoot more. Make sure at least one of your rolls is lford HP 5 400 ISO.