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What is Phonics? Phonics is linking letters to sounds e. g. knowing that the sounds c-a-t can be read and written as the word cat A phoneme is a sound A grapheme is a letter or number of letters that represent a phoneme (sound) e. g. the letter g represents the ‘g’ sound A digraph (special friends) is two letters that make one sound e. g. oo, or, oi A trigraph is three letters that make one sound e. g. igh, ear, air Split Digraph is when a digraph is split by a consonant e. g. a__e (space) i__e (hide)
How is your child taught Phonics at school? Whole class are taught a group of sounds and letters ( phonemes and graphemes) through interactive games, visuals, repetition, actions, songs, various writing and reading opportunities Lesson format: introduce, teach, practise, apply and assess
How is your child taught Phonics at school? Children are taught two important skills; segmenting and blending Segmenting (sounding it out/sound talk) is breaking the word up into sounds e. g. c-ar, f-or-k Blending is putting these sounds together to read the word e. g. car, fork 3 steps: segmenting out loud, segmenting in our heads, reading the word from sight We can use sound buttons to help with segmenting and blending
How is your child taught Phonics at school? Tricky words (common irregular/exception words) are words that are not easily decodable e. g. to, we, the Jolly Phonics: an action and sometimes a song will accompany the sound Two syllable words e. g. sunset. Separate the two syllables sun/set, sound talk and blend sun, sound talk and blend set and then say both syllables Alien words: are nonsense or silly words e. g. zarf, beej Suffix: is a letter(s) that is added to a base word e. g. ‘smile’ plus suffix ‘ing’ becomes ‘smiling’.
How is your child taught Phonics at school? Sounds: https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=ksbl. Mili. A 8 Jolly Phonics https: //www. youtube. com/watch? v=Sj. CAAD E 04 Vk
Letters & Sounds – 6 Phases Phase 1 Nursery - showing awareness of rhyme and alliteration -distinguishing between sounds in the environment and phonemes -exploring and experimenting with sounds and words -beginning to orally segment and blend phonemes
Phase 2 - Reception Set 1: s, a, t, p Set 2: i, n, m, d Set 3: g, o, c, k Set 4: ck, e, u, r Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss -understanding that words are constructed from phonemes and phonemes are represented by graphemes. -blending for reading and segmenting for spelling simple cvc words -learning tricky words
Phase 3 – Reception Set 6: j, v, w, x Set 7: y, z, zz, qu Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er -reading and spelling a wide range of simple words, also two syllable words -reading and writing captions/sentences -learning more tricky words
Phase 4 – Year 1 - Consolidation unit, no new graphemes, reading and writing tricky words continue - -segmenting adjacent consonants in words and applying this in their spelling e. g. stop, bend - Blending adjacent consonants in words and applying this skill when reading unfamiliar texts
Phase 5 - Year 1 New Graphemes for reading: ay, oy, wh, a-e, ou, ir, ph, e-e, ie, ue, ew, i-e, ea, aw, oe, o-e, au, u-e Alternative graphemes: i, ow, y, o, ie, ch, c, ea, ou, g, er, u, a -reading phonetically decodable 2/3 syllable words -form each letter correctly
Phase 6 – Year 2 -applying phonetic skills to spell and recognise an increasing number of complex words -past tense -investigating and learning how to add suffixes e. g. ing, ed, s, es -apostrophes and homophones (new, knew)
Planning and Progression
Useful websites: http: //www. bbc. co. uk/schools/wordsandpictures/phonics/ http: //www. ictgames. com/literacy. html http: //www. familylearning. org. uk/phonics_games. html http: //www. letters-and-sounds. com http: //phonicsplay. co. uk/ http: //www. mrthorne. com/ http: //www. satspapers. org. uk/Page. aspx? TId=21 (examples of past phonics screening checks)
Thank you for coming! Any questions?