- Slides: 19
Perception “Perception refers to the interpretation of what we take in through our senses. In terms of optical illusions this means our eyes. ” Simply put, our brains are tricked into seeing something which may or may not be real. http: //www. keele. ac. uk/depts/aa/widening/uniworld/webclub/rs/optical. htm
Factors that Influence Perception § The Object of Perception: some things in our environment tend to attract attention § Backgrounds and Surroundings our surroundings at the moment of perception will affect our perceptions § The Perceiver we each bring unique experiences and personal points of view to each situation
I’m going to show you a series of images and I want you to write 3 words to describe each image
Embedded Images http: //psycharts. com/opt_illus. html
When you look at the figure you will see either a vase or two faces. If you continue to look, the figure will appear to shift to the alternative organization http: //psycharts. com/opt_illus. html
Old Woman or Young Girl? http: //psycharts. com/opt_illus. html
Man/Woman http: //psycharts. com/opt_illus. html
What do you see?
10 Organizational Behavior / Perception
11 Organizational Behavior / Perception
12 Organizational Behavior / Perception
What is Perception?
Perception • Is the process which people receive and interpret information from the environment. • Perceptions are influenced by values, cultural background and other circumstances of the moment and can lead to distortion.
Perceptual Distortions • Stereotypes – places attributes commonly associated to a specific group to a specific individual • Halo Effect – when one attribute is used to develop an overall impression of a person or situation • Selective perception – to define problems from only your point of view • Projections – assuming your desires are also the desires of someone else
Perception Activity • Everyone close your eyes and list • Listen to my instructions
• • Picture the beach. What does it look like? what does it sound like? What are you feeling? • Without talking to anyone, open your eyes and try and draw what you pictured.
What does your beach look like?
Questions to ponder/write the answers down somewhere - why have we spent a lesson on Perception in Leadership class? - How do you think having a good understanding of differing perspectives helps you to be a better manager? - Describe a situation of conflict and explain it from two different perspectives.