Pastoral Poetry Pastoral Poetry Pastoral Latin for shepherd

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Pastoral Poetry

Pastoral Poetry

Pastoral Poetry �"Pastoral" (Latin for "shepherd") refers to a literary work dealing with shepherds

Pastoral Poetry �"Pastoral" (Latin for "shepherd") refers to a literary work dealing with shepherds and rustic life. �It presents an idealized rather than realistic view of rustic life. �Classical (Greek and Latin) pastoral works date back to the 3 rd century B. C �Shakespeare's contemporaries revived and imitated the topics and forms of classical pastoral poetry.

�Drawing a contrast between the innocence and serenity of a simple life and the

�Drawing a contrast between the innocence and serenity of a simple life and the misery and corruption of city and especially court life. �Naturalness and innocence in contrast to the corruption and artificiality of city and court. �The characters in pastoral poetry are often used as vehicles for the expression of the author’s moral, social, or literary views.

�Common topics of pastoral poetry include �love and seduction; �the value of poetry; �death

�Common topics of pastoral poetry include �love and seduction; �the value of poetry; �death and mourning; �the corruption of the city or court vs. the "purity" of idealized country life; �politics (generally treated satirically: the "shepherds" critique society or easily identifiable political figures).

�A common pastoral poetic genre is the eclogue (a dialogue between two shepherds). �This

�A common pastoral poetic genre is the eclogue (a dialogue between two shepherds). �This conversation may be between a shepherd and the shepherdess he loves (generally his attempt to seduce her); �a "singing contest" to see which shepherd is the better poet (a third may act as judge); �lament a dead friend (a eulogy or elegy); �praise a notable individual. Laudatory poems, �songs of courtship and �complaints of a lovesick shepherd

�An important subgroup of the pastoral eclogue or monologue is the elegy, which expresses

�An important subgroup of the pastoral eclogue or monologue is the elegy, which expresses the poet's grief at the loss of a friend or an important person. �Conventional features of pastoral elegies include: �the invocation of the Muse; �expression of the "shepherd"-poet's grief; �praise of the dead "shepherd"; �invective against death; �effects of the death upon nature (disruptions in climate etc. as expressions of a personified Nature's grief and sympathy); �and ultimately, the poet's acceptance of the inevitability of death and hope for immortality.

�Renaissance poets expanded the pastoral mode to include the romance and drama. �Pastoral dramas

�Renaissance poets expanded the pastoral mode to include the romance and drama. �Pastoral dramas first appeared in the 15 th and 16 th centuries and pastoral romance novels during the 16 th and 17 th centuries. �The pastoral drama or poem or romance depicted life far from the city in a countryside that was both idyllic and ideal. The shepherds and shepherdesses in a pastoral poem lived an almost perfect existence;

�Pastoral poems first appeared in English in the early 1500 s. �In pastoral narratives,

�Pastoral poems first appeared in English in the early 1500 s. �In pastoral narratives, city dwellers retreat to the countryside, which turns into a "fantasy paradise" where shepherds spend their time composing poems to their sweethearts.

�Recognizable conventions include: �shepherds who are also poets, writing poems and playing upon pipes;

�Recognizable conventions include: �shepherds who are also poets, writing poems and playing upon pipes; �the good old shepherd, poor but eager to give hospitality to strangers and to those in need; �the "savage" man or men who lacked courtly upbringing but possessed an innate gentleness and gentility…; �the beautiful shepherdess; �the pastoral elegy, mourning the death of a shepherd or shepherdess who was often also a poet; �the pastoral debate, on topics like country versus city