- Slides: 5
PAST TENSES PAST SIMPLE, PAST CONTINUOUS AND PAST PERFECT
PAST SIMPLE • STRUCTURE: Affirmative: S + Verb(regular: ed/irregular) Negative: S + didn’t + Verb infinitive Interrogative: Did + S + Verb infinitive…? • USE: we use this tense for finished past actions. • EXAMPLE: They got married last year. I didn’t have time to do my homework.
PAST CONTINUOUS • STRUCTURE: Affirmative: S + was/were + Verb-ing Negative: S + wasn’t/weren’t + Verb-ing Interrogative: Was/Were + S + Verb-ing • USE: we use this tense to describe an action in progress at a specific time in the past. • EXAMPLE: What were you doing at six o’clock last night? I was watcing TV
PAST PERFECT • STRUCTURE: Affirmative: S + had + Verb (past perfect) Negative: S + hadn’t + Verb (past perfect) Interrogative: Had + S + Verb (past per. ) • USE: use this tense when talking about the past and you want to talk about a previous past action. • EXAMPLE: When they arrived to the party, everyone had left.
USING NARRATIVE TENSES TOGETHER • Action that happened one after another, e. g: When John arrived they had dinner • An action in progress in the past that is interrupted by another, e. g. : They were having dinner when John arrived • Different actions in the past that were happening at the same time, e. g. : While they were having dinner, she was studying.