- Slides: 8
PASSIVE VOICE ACTIVE PASSIVE The President gives the speech The speech is given Form: to be + PP l l (am, is, are ) + ( given, eaten, bought, . . . ) The civilians were killed by the soldiers. Two homes are destroyed by the army.
Active Simple Present . Mr. Adel writes the letter Passive The letter is written (by Mr. Adel). Present Mr. Adel is writing the letter Progressive The letter is being written (by Mr. Adel). Simple Past Mr. Adel wrote the letter The letter was written (by Mr. Adel). Present Perfect Mr. Adel has written the letter. The letter has been written (by Mr. Adel). Past Perfect Mr. Adel had written the letter. The letter had been written (by Mr. Adel). Future Mr. Adel will write the letter. The letter will be written (by Mr. Adel). Auxiliary Verbs Mr. Adel must write the letter. The letter must be written (by Mr. Adel).
1: Decide which of the following sentences are active or passive 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. We suggest that the company build a new branch in Gaza city. Our teacher is excited about the progress we have made. It is recommended that the meeting be held next week. Three people have been killed by the Israeli army. Two children had an accident last Saturday. The new policies are thought to be very bad for the university students. The Press office issued a statement on the situation in Ramallah yesterday. A speech was given by the PM last night. The council were reviewing the last decisions. The last decisions were being reviewed.
2: Choose the correct answer between brackets: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Five soldiers were ( kill – killing – killed) by the resistance last night. Solidarity with the Palestinians people ( is – are – were ) expressed by many people around the world. Sanctions against Iraq had ( be – being – been ) imposed by the U. S. for many years. Massacres against the Syrian people are ( be – being – been ) committed by the regime of Bashar Al-Asad. Palestinian farmers were (attack – attacking – attacked ) by Jewish settlers in Hebron. A news conference will be (hold – holding – held) tomorrow morning. A new decision will be (announce – announcing – announced ) on the bid for Palestinian statehood. Two water tank factories were (builds – built –
3: Change the following into passive: 1. The Egyptian people celebrated victory in Tahrir Square. 2. Israel uproots about 100, 000 olive trees a year. 3. Australia's football team boycotted Israeli teams last year. 4. Egypt is easing travel restrictions these days. 5. Israel was building new settlement blocs around Ramallah last year 6. The Minister of Education has held a meeting with the British envoy. 7. Israel is starting a new war against the people in Gaza. 8. The police arrested three protesters last night. 9. Many countries around the world condemned violence in Syria. 10. The president will visit Italy next month.
4: Change the following passive sentences into active: 1. Reading is enjoyed by Mariam. 2. The town was destroyed by fire. 3. Cheese was liked by Sara. 4. The ball is hit by Anna. 5. Five soldiers were wounded by the resistance 6. A meeting with reporters was being held by the Foreign Minister.