- Slides: 8
Passive voice in present continuous and present perfect
When we focus on the result rather than the doer, we use passive voice.
Present continuous passive Subject The air / pollute c v The air am/is/are c v being c v participle is being polluted. are being damaged. City streets/ damage City streets Potholes / not repair Potholes aren´t being repaired. The World / destroy The World is being destroyed.
Present continuous passive c v Am/is/are Animals / extinguish Animals are being extinguished. The water/ pollute Water is being polluted. Subject c v being c v participle Life / not preserve Life is not being preserved. Forests / devastate Forests are being devastated. For actions in progres right now: Water is being polluted these nowadays. right now. days.
Present perfect passive Subject Many parks / lose Homeless/ displace c v have/ has Many parks have Homeless have c v been c v participle been lost. been displaced. Lakes / disappear Lakes have been disappeared. Forests / devastate Forests have been devastated.
Present perfect passive Subject Lives / lose Cities / overpopulate c v have/ has Lives have Cities have c v been c v participle lost. been overpopulated. Trees / fall Trees have been fallen. Seas / pollute Seas have been polluted. For something that started before the present: Cities have been overpopulated in since the 2009 last years
To identify what tense to use we have to pay attention to the key words: Present continuous: Present perfect: Now, right now, these days , Nowadays, etc… Lately, recently, during , in the last, since, for, etc…
Present continuous passive Sub c Am/is/a c re v v being c v participle Present perfect passive Vs Sub c v have has c v been c v participle 1 - Life The life has been destroyed since humans appeared. (destroy) 2 -Health is being threatened nowdays. in nowdays. (threaten) 3 -Many trees have been cut down recently. (cut down) 4 -The oceans seas areare being polluted right now. (pollute) 5 -Farmlands have been eaten during the last 3 years. (eat) 6 -Underground water has been contaminated since this factory began working. (contaminate) 7 -Statues and buildings are being eroded these days. (erode) 8 -The destruction of plants is being accelerated acelerated ininthe thepresent. (accelerate) (acelerate) 9 -Birds and fish have been harmed over the years. (harm) 10 - Kids are havebeing beencorruptednow. (corrupt)