Parts of Speech in English and Arabic
English parts of speech There are 8 parts of speech in English: 1. Noun is used to name a person, place, thing, or idea. Hani, Heba, man, Islamic University, flat, happiness. 2. Pronoun: is used to replace a noun. She, they, we, you …… 3. Verb: expresses action or state. Write, eat, become, is 4. Adjective: modifies or describes a noun or
5. Adverb: adverb modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Fast, extremely, carefully, well 6. Preposition: is a word which indicates location (in, near) or other relationships between a noun or pronoun and other parts of the sentence. At, in, on, with, for, from 7. Conjunction: joins words, phrases, or clauses. And, but, or, while, because 8. Interjection: is a word used to express emotion. Oh! Wow!
English parts of speech 1. Nouns and pronouns can make one group. They occupy the subject or the object position in a sentence. A pronoun can be used to refer to or replace a noun. 2. Nouns, pronouns, and adjectives can be one group. Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns. 3. Nouns (pronouns) and verbs may form one group since they are essential components of the sentence.
4. Verbs and adverbs may form one group because adverbs modify verbs. 5. Adjectives and adverbs can form one group because adverbs modify adjectives and other adverbs. 6. Prepositions may be grouped with nouns and pronouns. 7. Prepositions and conjunctions may make one group as function words.
Arabic parts of speech
Language differences • Arabic adjectives behave like nouns: 1. They can be: Singular ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻲ Masculine ﺟﺪﻳﺪ Dual ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﻴﺎﻥ Plural ﻓﻠﺴﻄﻴﻨﻴﻮﻥ Feminine ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ