- Slides: 11
What is a verbal?
• A verbal is a word that looks like a verb but functions like something else. • VERBAL: VERB Acts Like Something
What is a participle? • A participle is a verbal that functions as an adjective. This word usually ends in –ing or – ed • Usually placed before a noun or pronoun • Examples: smiling, trotting, abandoned • The smiling child waved. • The trotting horses past were not frightened by the crowd.
Present and Past Participles • Present participles—end in –ing • Past participles—end in –ed or, –d, –en, -t, -n
Present Participles • End in –ing and represent an action that is ongoing or incomplete • Ex: "Squeaking chairs and shuffling shoes broke the anxious silence" (pg. 39).
Past Participles • Participles end in –ed, -en, -n, or –t • Describe a completed action or a state of the thing spoken of. • Ex: "She opened her mouth to speak, but a quick glance at her husband brought a frightened look to her eyes" (pg. 49).
Steps to identifying the participle • 1. Label all the nouns(& p. n. ) in the sentence. • 2. Underline the words ending in ing/ed • 3. Label the main verb. • 5. See if the participle is part of a phrase AND if it is modifying a noun or pronoun. • 6. Draw an arrow to the word it’s modifying.
Let’s practice! 1. “A laughing man is stronger than a suffering man. ” 2. “If you pick up a starving dog and make him prosperous, he will not bite you. This is the principal difference between a dog and a man” (Mark Twain, 1835 -1910). 3. “The only thing that comes to a sleeping man is dreams” (Tupac Shakur). 4. Do not waste time staring at a closed door.
The Verb The Past Participle The Present Participle To rise the risen sun the rising sun To boil the boiled water the boiling water To break the broken news the breaking news To cook the cooked ham the cooking ham Add some of your own… The Verb The Past Participle The Present Participle
Pick one of the verbals from your chart and write two sentences using a participle below. 1. 2.