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There are 3 types of participle clause • Past participle ------ Being Taken • Perfect participle ---- Having decided Taken • Present participle ---- Having decided Being
A/ Past participle clauses Example : 1. - Faced with an angry bull, John decided to jump over the wall. Because he was faced with. . . (Consequence) 2. - Founded 20 years ago, the club is more popular today than ever before. The club, which was founded 20 years ago, is more. . . (Relative clause)
Can you rewrite these sentences with a past participle clause? • Because she was pleased with the children’s behaviour, she bought them all an ice cream. = Pleased with the children’s behaviour. . . • The new cinema, which is located in the city centre, is very popular = Located in the city centre, the new cinema. . .
2/ Perfect participle clauses Example : • Having finished his homework, he went to watch television. After he had finished his homework. . . (Time) • Having been told the answers in advance, he did very well in the exam. (Consequence) Because he had been told. . .
Can you rewrite these sentences with a perfect participle clause? • Because he had been late for work twice, he decided to catch an earlier train. • Having been late for work. . . • After he had completed the marathon, he went home and rested for what was left of the day. • Having completed the marathon. . .
3/ Present participle clauses Example : • Arriving at the bus stop, we saw an enormous queue. • When we arrived at the bus stop, . . . (Time) • Not having any money, I decided to stay at home. (Consequence) • Because I didn’t have any. . .
Can you rewrite these sentences with a present participle clause? • As he looked over his shoulder, he saw the police chasing him. . . • Because • Looking over his shoulder he saw the broken glass on the floor, he realised that they had been burgled. • Seeing the broken glass. . .
That’s it ! They weren’t that bad, Were they?