Parliamentary Procedure Public Speaking Public Speaking Public Speaking

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Parliamentary Procedure & Public Speaking

Parliamentary Procedure & Public Speaking

Public Speaking

Public Speaking

Public Speaking CDE’s in FFA • Prepared Public Speaking: ▫ Memorized using a manuscript.

Public Speaking CDE’s in FFA • Prepared Public Speaking: ▫ Memorized using a manuscript. ▫ Based on an agriculture topic. • Extemporaneous Public Speaking: ▫ Given 30 minutes to prepare. ▫ Speech is delivered without using a manuscript or from memorization. ▫ Very little preparation ahead of time.

Benefits of Good Communication • One of the most important factors in determining career

Benefits of Good Communication • One of the most important factors in determining career success. • Oral communications is always one of the top skills demanded by employers. • What career does not need good communication skills? • It will help you voice your opinion in important situations: • • Parent Citizen Customer Tax Payer

Benefits of Good Communication • It is the nature of humans to form groups:

Benefits of Good Communication • It is the nature of humans to form groups: • Relationships depend on communication skills. • Learn the ability to: • • Persuade others. Change things for the better. Seek civil justice and human rights. Display democracy and the freedom of speech.

Building a Speech Introduction Body Conclusion

Building a Speech Introduction Body Conclusion

Introduction • Capture attention. • Creates enthusiasm and emotion. • Indicates the need for

Introduction • Capture attention. • Creates enthusiasm and emotion. • Indicates the need for the speech. • Makes the audience want to know more. • Short stories and real life instances are good ways to start.

Body • The largest part of the speech. • Contains the information that you

Body • The largest part of the speech. • Contains the information that you want to tell. • Consists of several major points surrounded by a central objective.

Conclusion • Reminds the audience of the objective or topic. • May move people

Conclusion • Reminds the audience of the objective or topic. • May move people to action. • Uses powerful, well planned words.

Getting Ready! • Preparation and lots of practice helps the speech go more smoothly.

Getting Ready! • Preparation and lots of practice helps the speech go more smoothly. • Practice in front of others to become more comfortable. • Have people provide feedback for you. • Watch and listen to yourself. • Mirror • Video

Delivering a Speech • Know your audience and what they expect. • Stage Presence

Delivering a Speech • Know your audience and what they expect. • Stage Presence is the speaker’s: • Attitude • Ease in front of the audience • Confidence • Personality • Poise • Body Posture • Personal Appearance

Agriculture of the World Speech

Agriculture of the World Speech

Meetings

Meetings

What is Parliamentary Procedure? ? ? • A systematic way of organizing meetings. •

What is Parliamentary Procedure? ? ? • A systematic way of organizing meetings. • Governed by Robert’s Rules of Order.

General Principles of Parliamentary Procedure Extends Courtesy to EVERYONE!!!

General Principles of Parliamentary Procedure Extends Courtesy to EVERYONE!!!

Properly Getting Recognition • Members must be recognized to speak. • Members ask the

Properly Getting Recognition • Members must be recognized to speak. • Members ask the chair for recognition • In order to be recognized: • Members must stand up. • Once standing they must say “Madame/Mr. President”

Handling Motions • There may only be one main motion on the floor at

Handling Motions • There may only be one main motion on the floor at one time. • The main motion is made by saying, “I move. ”

Parliamentary Procedure Observes the Rule of the Majority • Only motions that have been

Parliamentary Procedure Observes the Rule of the Majority • Only motions that have been seconded can be discussed and take the time of the group. • Most motions require a majority vote to pass. • The chapter takes action only after a majority agrees it should be taken.

Parliamentary Procedure Ensures the Rights of the Minority • Even the minority has the

Parliamentary Procedure Ensures the Rights of the Minority • Even the minority has the right to voice their opinion through discussion. • Because of this right it takes a 2/3 vote to stop discussion. (previous question)

Parliamentary Procedure Terms • Majority: ½ of the members present plus 1. • Minority:

Parliamentary Procedure Terms • Majority: ½ of the members present plus 1. • Minority: Less than ½ of the members present. • Quorum: 2/3 of the total membership; this number must be present to conduct business for the group.

Use of the Gavel • The chairperson uses the gavel to control aspects of

Use of the Gavel • The chairperson uses the gavel to control aspects of the meeting. • The number of taps determines the meaning.

Number of Taps • One Tap: ▫ Tells members to be seated. ▫ Used

Number of Taps • One Tap: ▫ Tells members to be seated. ▫ Used after passing or rejecting a main motion. Action on a motion was taken ▫ Used after the announcement that a meeting is adjourned. • Two Taps: ▫ Calls the meeting to order.

Number of Taps • Three Taps: ▫ Signals members to rise during opening and

Number of Taps • Three Taps: ▫ Signals members to rise during opening and closing ceremonies. • Series of Taps: ▫ Used to restore order in the group.

Steps in the Order of Business = Agenda

Steps in the Order of Business = Agenda

What is the purpose of an agenda? ? ? • Keeps the meeting moving

What is the purpose of an agenda? ? ? • Keeps the meeting moving forward. • Provides a framework for the meeting.

Step 1: Call to Order • Performed by the president • Opening ceremony is

Step 1: Call to Order • Performed by the president • Opening ceremony is included in this part of FFA meetings Step 2: Reading of Minutes • Reminds members of what happened during the last meeting. • Read by secretary • Must be approved by the body

Step 3: Treasurer Report • Reports the financial standing of the club. Step 4:

Step 3: Treasurer Report • Reports the financial standing of the club. Step 4: Chapter Report • Officers and committee chairpersons report on chapter Program of Activities. Step 5: Old Business • Business left over from the previous meeting.

Step 6: New Business • Presented by members in the form of motions. Step

Step 6: New Business • Presented by members in the form of motions. Step 7: Adjournment & Closing Ceremony • Ends the meeting. • Can happen by: • Passing a motion. • Having consensus of the body.

Presiding Officers • Examples: ▫Company Chairman ▫Organization President ▫Speaker of the House ▫Chapter FFA

Presiding Officers • Examples: ▫Company Chairman ▫Organization President ▫Speaker of the House ▫Chapter FFA President • Must be fair and impartial. • Must leave the chair when they wish to discuss business.

Voting • Four Ways to Vote: ▫Voice ▫Standing ▫Roll Call ▫Secret Ballot • The

Voting • Four Ways to Vote: ▫Voice ▫Standing ▫Roll Call ▫Secret Ballot • The Chair can vote ONLY to make or break a tie.

Common Motions

Common Motions

Main Motion • Used to get group approval for a new project or some

Main Motion • Used to get group approval for a new project or some other course of action. • Wording: ▫ “I move…”

Steps to handling a Main Motion 1. Stand 2. Ask to be recognized by

Steps to handling a Main Motion 1. Stand 2. Ask to be recognized by President 3. President recognizes you by name 4. Motion is correctly stated 5. Motion is seconded 6. Motion is repeated by President 7. Motion is discussed 8. President restates motion 9. Motion is voted on 10. Results of vote announced by President

Main Motion • Requires second • Debatable • Amendable • Majority vote required •

Main Motion • Requires second • Debatable • Amendable • Majority vote required • Can be reconsidered

Amend • Used to change a main motion. • 3 ways to amend: ▫

Amend • Used to change a main motion. • 3 ways to amend: ▫ Addition ▫ Substitution ▫ Striking out • Wording: ▫ “I move to amend the motion…”

Amend • Requires second • Debatable • Amendable • Majority vote required • Can

Amend • Requires second • Debatable • Amendable • Majority vote required • Can be reconsidered

Refer to Committee • Used to gain more information on a motion before voting.

Refer to Committee • Used to gain more information on a motion before voting. • Must include: • The number people on the committee. • Who appoints the committee. • What power to act the committee has.

Refer to Committee • Wording: • “I move to refer this motion to a

Refer to Committee • Wording: • “I move to refer this motion to a committee of three appointed by the president with full power to act. ”

Refer to a Committee • Requires second • Debatable • Amendable • Majority vote

Refer to a Committee • Requires second • Debatable • Amendable • Majority vote required • Can be reconsidered

Point of Order • Used when one believes a parliamentary error has been made.

Point of Order • Used when one believes a parliamentary error has been made. • Wording: ▫ “I rise to a point of order”

Point of Order • Does not require second • Not Debatable • Not Amendable

Point of Order • Does not require second • Not Debatable • Not Amendable • Cannot reconsidered • No vote required

Previous Question • Used to stop debate and vote. • Wording: ▫ “I move

Previous Question • Used to stop debate and vote. • Wording: ▫ “I move the previous question”

Previous Question • Requires second • Not Debatable • Not Amendable • Can be

Previous Question • Requires second • Not Debatable • Not Amendable • Can be reconsidered before vote • 2/3 vote required

Adjourn • Used to end a meeting. • Wording: ▫ “I move to adjourn”

Adjourn • Used to end a meeting. • Wording: ▫ “I move to adjourn”

Adjourn • Requires second • Cannot be debated • Cannot be amended • Cannot

Adjourn • Requires second • Cannot be debated • Cannot be amended • Cannot be reconsidered • Requires majority vote

Suspend the Rules • Used to allow the chapter to act in a way

Suspend the Rules • Used to allow the chapter to act in a way that would be against the rules of parliamentary law of the constitutional laws of the organization. • Wording: ▫ “I move to suspend the rules…”

Suspend the Rules • Requires second • Not Debatable • Not Amendable • 2/3

Suspend the Rules • Requires second • Not Debatable • Not Amendable • 2/3 vote required