- Slides: 16
Parallel & Perpendicular Lines
Slope of Parallel Lines • Two non-vertical lines with the same slope are parallel.
Parallel Lines The equations of two parallel lines have the same slope, but two different y-intercepts.
Parallel lines have the same slope If Line A has a slope of 4 (m = 4), then which of these four lines is parallel to Line A? Line B, m = 16 Line C, m = 12 Line D, m = 4 Line E, m = 2/3
y = 3 x + 4 and y = 3 x - 2 y = 3 x + 4 y = 3 x -2 BACK
Are the two lines: L 1, through (-2, 1) and (4, 5) L 2, through (3, 0) and (0, -2), parallel?
Slopes of Perpendicular Lines • If neither line is vertical, then the slopes of perpendicular lines are negative reciprocals. • If the product of the slopes of two lines is -1 then the lines are perpendicular. • Horizontal lines are perpendicular to vertical lines.
Perpendicular Slopes y-axis x-axis What can we say about the intersection of the two lines? 4 3
Write parallel perpendicular or neither for the pair of lines that passes through (5, -9) and (3, 7) and the line through (0, 2) and (8, 3).
Perpendicular lines have the ‘opposite reciprocal’ slope To get the opposite reciprocal… Express the slope as a fraction Then flip it and give it the opposite sign!
Perpendicular lines have the ‘opposite reciprocal’ slope So, a line with slope 3 is perpendicular to a line with slope – 1/3
Perpendicular lines have the ‘opposite reciprocal’ slope If Line A has a slope of – 4/5 (m = -4/5), then which of these four lines is perpendicular to Line A? Line B, m = 9 Line C, m = 5/4 Line D, m = 20 Line E, m = -5/4
Slope-Intercept Form • Useful for graphing since m is the slope and b is the y-intercept Point-Slope Form • Use this form when you know a point on the line and the slope • Also can use this version if you have two points on the line because you can first find the slope using the slope formula and then use one of the points and the slope in this equation. Standard Form • Commonly used to write linear equation problems or express answers
Remember parallel lines have the same slopes so if you need the slope of a line parallel to a given line, simply find the slope of the given line and the slope you want for a parallel line will be the same. Perpendicular lines have negative reciprocal slopes so if you need the slope of a line perpendicular to a given line, simply find the slope of the given line, take its reciprocal (flip it over) and make it negative.
Rules and Properties Parallel Lines Parallel lines have the same slope.
Parallel & Perpendicular Lines Algebra 1 & Algebra 1 Honors