Paragraph Writing Paragraphs Form Most paragraphs contain between

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Paragraph Writing

Paragraph Writing

Paragraphs Form Most paragraphs contain between five to ten sentences. The first line of

Paragraphs Form Most paragraphs contain between five to ten sentences. The first line of a paragraph is usually indented (begin a few spaces to the right of the margin) to show that there is a new paragraph. indent ___________________________________________.

Key Features Every paragraphs should have the following features… q A Topic Sentence q

Key Features Every paragraphs should have the following features… q A Topic Sentence q Supporting Sentences q A Concluding Sentence q Unity

Topic Sentences Definition Every paragraph should have a topic sentence. This is the most

Topic Sentences Definition Every paragraph should have a topic sentence. This is the most important sentence because it expresses the main idea of the paragraph.

Example 1 Topic Sentence: states the main idea of the paragraph. Topic Sentence The

Example 1 Topic Sentence: states the main idea of the paragraph. Topic Sentence The most important problem in our city is its inadequate public transportation system. Thousands of residents rely on the city’s buses and streetcars to travel throughout this large city, but Metro Transportation System’s daily schedules are totally unreliable. A bus or streetcar that should arrive at 7: 45 may not arrive until 8: 00 or later. Moreover, it is not unusual for a bus driver to pass up groups of people waiting for the bus, because he wants to make up for lost time. Unfortunately, people often end up going to work late or missing important appointments. In order for people to get to their destinations on time, people must allow for waiting time at the bus and streetcar stops. Concluding Sentence Supporting Sentences

Example 2 Topic Sentence: states the main idea of the paragraph. Motivation An important

Example 2 Topic Sentence: states the main idea of the paragraph. Motivation An important factor in learning a foreign language has to do with the concept of intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation. When we do something for the “fun of it” or because we enjoy it, that is called intrinsic motivation. Extrinsic motivation, on the other hand, is when we do something for the purpose of receiving some kind of external reward such as money, time off from work, etc. Many education experts believe that intrinsic motivation is more powerful when it comes to helping students keep what they’ve learned. The question and challenge for teachers today is, “How can we help our students become intrinsically motivated in what we are teaching? ”

Example 3 Topic Sentence One of the first helpful people I met was John.

Example 3 Topic Sentence One of the first helpful people I met was John. I first met John standing in a line at the bookstore. I was having a difficult time finding the books for the English classes I was taking my first semester here. He not only helped me find my books, but he also gave me some good advice on where to get tutorial help on campus and where I could find some good restaurants. We’ve become better friends since then and he has been so helpful in answering any questions I have about going to school in the U. S. and about American culture. If I hadn’t met John that day, I might still be looking for the right books for my classes! Concluding Sentence Supporting Sentences

Topic Sentence Essentials Complete Sentence There are several things you need to remember when

Topic Sentence Essentials Complete Sentence There are several things you need to remember when writing topic sentences. The first is that topic sentences are always complete sentences.

Main Idea in a Complete Sentence Not a complete sentence Example 1 Strategies of

Main Idea in a Complete Sentence Not a complete sentence Example 1 Strategies of learning English. There are many strategies that you can use to help you learn a new language.

Main Idea in a Complete Sentence Example 2 The sport of cross-country running. This

Main Idea in a Complete Sentence Example 2 The sport of cross-country running. This is not a complete sentence. The sport of cross-country running has allowed me to get in better shape and meet some interesting people. Why do I want to be a teacher? Topic sentence This is a question, not a statement. Being a teacher is a great profession because it allows me to work with students and be creative. Topic sentence

Topic Sentence Essentials Two Parts A topic sentence contains the topic of the paragraph

Topic Sentence Essentials Two Parts A topic sentence contains the topic of the paragraph and a controlling idea. The controlling idea limits the topic to something very specific.

Example 1 This sentence does not contain a controlling idea. This is not a

Example 1 This sentence does not contain a controlling idea. This is not a good topic sentence, because it does not limit the topic to make it more specific. Topic Sentence Companies need to develop more efficient forms of energy. Topic Sentence Companies should develop more efficient forms of energy such as solar heating panels. Controlling Idea: limits the ideas in the paragraph and makes the sentence more specific. Topic: names the main idea

Example 2 Topic and Controlling Idea Topic: names the main idea or general subject

Example 2 Topic and Controlling Idea Topic: names the main idea or general subject of the paragraph Topic Sentence One of the most serious problems in today’s public schools is overcrowded classrooms. Controlling Idea: makes a specific comment about the subject. Tells the reader what the paragraph will say about the main topic.

Example 3 Topic and Controlling Idea Topic: names the main idea or general subject

Example 3 Topic and Controlling Idea Topic: names the main idea or general subject of the paragraph Topic Sentence One of the most serious problems in today’s public schools is the low percentage of trained teachers. Controlling Idea: makes a specific comment about the subject. Tells the reader what the paragraph will say about the main topic.