- Slides: 14
PARADIGM SHIFT FROM WOMEN STUDIES TO GENDER STUDIES
Feminist Theory Arises from a social and political commitment to gender equality (social, political, economical and institutional equality). Central commitment--q All people should feel safe, regardless of gender. q All people should have control over their bodies. q It’s important for people voices to be heard, including the voices of women and people who do not confirm to traditional gender roles.
Feminism It is a philosophy that holds with this idea of equality. It is believed that although they are different men and women are equal. The main goal is to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.
Feminist movement First wave: comprised women's suffrage movements of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, promoting women's right to vote. Second wave: associated with the ideas and actions of the women's liberation movement beginning in the 1960 s. It campaigned for legal and social equality for women. Third wave: is a continuation of, and a reaction to, the perceived failures of second-wave feminism, which began in the 1990 s.
Women studies Women's studies is an academic field that draws on feminist and interdisciplinary methods in order to place women’s lives and experiences at the center of study, while examining social cultural constructs of gender; systems of privilege and oppression; and the relationships between power and gender as they intersect with other identities and social locations such as race, sexual orientation, socio-economic class and disability.
Advancement in women studies The field of women's studies continued to grow during the 1990 s and into the 2000 s with the expansion of universities offering majors, minors, and certificates in women's studies, gender studies, and feminist studies. The first Ph. D. program in Women's Studies was established at Emory University in 1990. As of 2012, there were 16 institutions offering a Ph. D. in Women's Studies in the United states. Since then, UC Santa Cruz (2013) the University of Kentucky-Lexington (2013) Stony Brook University (2014) and Oregon State University (2016) also introduced a Ph. D. in the field. In 2015 at Kabul University the first master's degree course in gender and women's studies in Afghanistan began.
WOMEN STUDIES GENDER STUDIES
Gender study A field for interdisciplinary study devoted to gender identity and gendered representation as central categories of analysis. This field includes women’s studies (concerning women , feminism gender, and politics), men’s studies and queer studies. Sometimes, gender studies is offered together with study of sexuality.
Features of Gender studies Concerned with sex not with only women. It is a interdisciplinary field. Main source was women studies. It seeks the power discrimination between various levels in society. It describes the living world from gender point of view. It says “ world is gendered”.
Women study vs. gender study Women’s Studies interrogates the history of women and their contributions to society (and how society has treated them). Gender Studies interrogates the way societies conceive gender, how those cultural categories affect the way individuals are treated within society, and the ways in which that cultural understanding of gender categories interacts with all the other products of culture (how journalism reports, how things are marketed, etc). Women are only one set of a much larger spectrum of genders. Some facilities feel the need to study them separately; others subsume women’s as a sub-major of Gender in general.
“WOMEN AND MEN ARE MORE ALIKE THAN THEY ARE DIFFERENT. MEN ARE NOT FROM MARS; WOMEN ARE NOT FROM VENUS– WE ARE ALL FROM PLANET EARTH. ” Michael S. Kimmel