- Slides: 18
Page 110 Realidades 1 Nouns
NOUNS n Nouns refer to people, animals, places, and things.
NOUNS n In Spanish, nouns have gender. They are either masculine or feminine.
Masculine / Feminine n Most nouns that end in -o are masculine.
Masculine / Feminine n Most nouns that end in -a are feminine.
Masculine / Feminine For example: el libro la calculadora n An exception: el día n
Other Spanish Nouns n Other Spanish nouns end in -e or a consonant.
Other Spanish Nouns n For example: el cine el marcador la clase la televisión
Other Spanish Nouns n Some can be both masculine and feminine: el/la estudiante
Making Nouns Plural n n To make nouns plural you usually add -s to words ending in a vowel and -es to words ending in a consonant. sillas teclados carteles
Making Nouns Plural n n Singular nouns that end in z change the z to c in the plural. El lápiz los lápices
Definite Articles n El , La , Los and Las are called definite articles. n In English they mean “the”
Definite Articles n We use El and Los with masculine nouns and Las with feminine nouns.
Indefinite Articles n Un, Una, Unos, and Unas are indefinite articles.
Indefinite Articles n Un and Una mean “a or an” in English.
Indefinite Articles n Unos and Unas mean “some” in English.
Indefinite Articles n Un and Unos are masculine and Unas are feminine.
It’s a good idea to learn a noun with its definite article, el or la, because that will usually tell you the gender.