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Page № 1 National Emblems of the United Kingdom The flag of the United

Page № 1 National Emblems of the United Kingdom The flag of the United Kingdom, known as the Union Jack, is made up of three crosses. The upright red cross on a white background is the cross of the 1 st George, the patron saint of England. The white diagonal cross on a blue background is the cross of St. Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, The red diagonal cross on a white background is the cross of St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. The Welsh flag, called the Welsh dragon, represents a red dragon on a white and green background. St. George's Day falls on 23 April and is regarded as England's national day. On this day some patriotic Englishmen wear a rose pinned to their jackets'. A red rose is the national emblem of England from the time of the Wars of the Roses (15 th century). St. Andrew's Day (the 30 th of November) is regarded as Scotland's national day. On this day some Scotsmen wear a thistle in their buttonhole. As a national emblem of Scotland, thistle apparently first used in the 15 th century as a symbol of defence. The Order of the Thistle is one of the highest orders of knighthood. It was founded in 1687, and is mainly given to Scottish noblemen (limited to 16 in number). St. Patrick's Day (the 17 th of March) is considered as a national day in Northern Ireland an official bank holiday there. The national emblem of Ireland is shamrock. According to legend, it was the plant chosen by St. Patrick to illustrate the Christian doctrine of the Trinity to the Irish. Many Welshmen wear either a yellow daffodil or a leek pinned to their jackets, as both plants are traditionally regarded as national emblems of Wales. In the Royal Arms three lions symbolize England, a lion rampant — Scotland, and a harp — Ireland. The whole is encircled and is supported by a lion and a unicorn. The lion has been used as a symbol of national strength and of the British monarchy for many centuries. The unicorn, a mythical animal that looks like a horse with a long straight horn, has appeared on the Scottish and British royal coats of arms for many centuries, and is a symbol of purity.

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Page № 3 Tom Thumb (Мальчик-с-пальчик) Tom Thumb is a traditional hero in English

Page № 3 Tom Thumb (Мальчик-с-пальчик) Tom Thumb is a traditional hero in English folklore who is no bigger than his father's thumb. Various allusions to Tom Thumb are included in sixteenth century works; in his Discovery of Witchcraft, Reginald Scot includes Tom Thumbe in a list of folkloric creatures such as witches and satyrs that nursemaids told their charges about until the children were frightened of their own shadows. [1] Folktales featuring Tom Thumb as the hero appear in print in the seventeenth century. [2] Aside from the folk tale, Tom Thumb figures in Henry Fielding's Tom Thumb, a companion piece to his The Author's Farce. It was later expanded into a single piece titled The Tragedy of Tragedies, or the History of Tom Thumb the Great. The name is often applied people or objects of small stature.

Page № 3 Peter Pan is a character created by Scottish novelist and playwright

Page № 3 Peter Pan is a character created by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie (1860– 1937). A mischievous boy who can fly and magically refuses to grow up, Peter Pan spends his never-ending childhood adventuring on the small island of Neverland as the leader of his gang the Lost Boys, interacting with mermaids, Indians, fairies and pirates, and from time to time meeting ordinary children from the world outside. In addition to two distinct works by Barrie, the character has been featured in a variety of media and merchandise, both adapting and expanding on Barrie's works.

Page № 3 Peter Rabbit is a fictional anthropomorphic character in various children's stories

Page № 3 Peter Rabbit is a fictional anthropomorphic character in various children's stories by Beatrix Potter. He first appeared in The Tale of Peter Rabbit in 1902, and subsequently in five more books between 1904 and 1912. Peter Rabbit was named after a pet rabbit Beatrix Potter had as a child. The first Peter Rabbit story, The Tale of Peter Rabbit, was created in 1893 as a letter to the young son. The boy was ill, and Potter wrote him a story. That the story was published by Frederick Warne & Co, but by the end of the year, 28, 000 copies were in print. Over the years, The Tale of Peter Rabbit has sold more than 40 million copies worldwide and as of 2008, the Peter Rabbit series has sold more than 151 million copies in 35 languages. [1][2] The rabbits in Potter's stories wear human clothes; Peter wears a blue jacket and a little pair of brown shoes. He is surrounded by a large family: his mother Mrs. Josephine Rabbit and his sisters Flopsy, Mopsy and Cotton-tail. There is also his cousin Benjamin Bunny and his father Mr. Benjamin Bunny, later called Mr. Benjamin Bouncer. Peter Rabbit was the first soft toy to be patented, in 1903. This makes Peter the oldest licensed character. [3] Frederick Warne & Co owns the trademark rights of the Beatrix Potter characters. [4] However, most of the stories are in the US public domain as they were published before 1923.

Page № 3 Robin Hood is a hero in English folklore, a highly skilled

Page № 3 Robin Hood is a hero in English folklore, a highly skilled archer, marksman, swordsman, and outlaw. In particular, he is known for "stealing from the rich and giving to the poor, " assisted by a group of fellow outlaws known as his "Merry Men". [1] Robin and many of his men wore Lincoln green clothes. [2] There are many songs and stories about him, starting in medieval times, and continuing through more modern literature, films, and television series. In the earliest sources Robin Hood is a commoner, but he was often later portrayed as an aristocrat, wrongfully dispossessed of his lands and made into an outlaw. His name is a play on the words "robbing hood".