OWNERSHIP AHMED WALVIR PUBLIC SERVICE The public Service
OWNERSHIP AHMED WALVIR
PUBLIC SERVICE The public Service broadcasting is where Television is for the benefit of the public as the shows that are shown like the news is to help keep people to keep track on what is going on in the world so TV use that for a public service in media. For example an industry that does public service broadcasting is a British TV industry that is called the BBC and their focus for the public service is to inform, educate and entertain the audience that watch their channels. The BBC is an independent body which is held in trust of the British people. Lord Reith was the person who thought of the idea to inform, educate and entertain and this would be called PSB which is short for public service broadcasting. The BBC have many channels for the public service as they have BBC news to inform the audience, they also have documentaries on their channels to educate the public and TV shows like soap operas and comedy shows to entertain the public. The BBC also have radio broadcasts for public services as well as TV. An advantage to this that it is a public service which is good as it the public want to be kept informed about worldwide events and the BBC keep them up to date on that. The BBC, as they are a public industry, do not have commercials in any of their channels as they do not sell advertising time as they focus on the public service broadcaster. There are trust members that are paid and appointed by the British prime minister to represent interest in the British public. An important job within the BBC is Director general whose job is to chair the BBC's executive team. The director general's main responsibility is to run the global workforce across television, radio and online Advantages: An advantage of having a public ownership of TV can be a benefit for the employers because they all in the Profit of their public ownership. Also another advantage can be that BBC is a benefit to the public as they keep the public in the informed by presenting them with the news to keep them up with events and affairs that are occurring across the world. Disadvantages: Public ownership does have its disadvantages and one of them is that a company that is public can get a Inefficiency results depending on the size of the corporation. Another disadvantage can be any losses would be met by the taxpayer.
COMMERCIAL TV There are so many television industry's that aren’t open to the public because they are just commercial television because they have adverts featuring products to the audience. The adverts usually come up half way through the show. Companies that are a commercial television they make profit by advertising other products in their commercial. For example FOX television company show their shows on sky news. Advantages: Commercial TV has its advantages one of them can be that it keeps you updated on the latest products as commercial TV features them. Also commercial TV takes breaks when a Show or film s on so people will not have to worry if they miss anything and gives them time if people need to go to the bathroom or do something around the house. Disadvantages: Commercial TV can have its disadvantages which are The times the commercials are shown as they run for a long period of time than the show and when the when shows takes breaks the same commercials are featured.
COMMERCIAL FILM A TV company that is also a commercial company can be an ITV, because the company first formed when the two companies Granada and Carlton merged together into one company and then later on they became an ITV. In ITV you normally see sports, tv shows and movies on their channel. ITV is a big commercial company because they have tons of different types of shows featuring on their channel.
PRIVATE A private ownership on media is where companies show adult entrainment which is distributed onto DVDs and online. It is not based for the general public. Some are not owned by the government and their profits and losses would directly go to that company and the government do not take the money and they do not get money provided from the public. That is an advantage for the public as they do not have to pay any money to the company as they fund their own. It can be a disadvantage as it would be hard for a private company to fund their own money as they would not produce media as good as public companies as they get their money through the government and the public.
CORPORATE OWNERSHIP Corporate in media is where a mass media production is distributed and funded and that is all owned by the corporations when it occurs. There are media corporations that own a lot of other companies and through that they get bigger with their other companies producing media and making the corporate companies that owns them more money and they control most of the media in the countries that they operate in. Advantages: An advantage of corporate ownership can be the Business debt and liability as the owners personal assets is protected from it. Also there is tax free benefits such as insurance and travel. A good advantage can be the change of ownership as this will not affect anything in the corporate company as the management remains the same but with a new owner so the management still operate the same with their productions. Disadvantages: A disadvantage of corporate ownership can be that there is more federal rules and regulation which can make things difficult for a company.
INDEPENDENT COMPANIES One independent production company that distributes their production work is Green bay. It is an independent company that works for and produces TV for channels like BBC. Green bay create their production work in the UK also globally as well. So all the shows that you see on the BBC are mostly produced by Green bay because they have to work with the BBC in order to have there work on TV for the public to watch. BBC buy up competitors in the same market. So the BBC buy out another media company that do the same production as them. An example of Horizontal integration can be a media company called Warner as they have been improving their company over the years as they have brought out A lot of production companies. They were created in the 1990 when Warner was formed. Warner expanded their company so well that they brought out the competition by buying out a lot of their competitors media companies and this caused Warner to become one of the biggest media companies and they still are nowadays.
GLOBAL COMPANIES A company that is global is universal studio and they own a lot of film companies. They own the ODEON cinemas which is can be found in more than one country. A company that owns universal is vivendi which through universal actually own the ODEON cinema. They are a mass production company and they ended up becoming France's biggest TV company and then they expanded into telecommunication and mass media and that is what made them a Global company that we see today. They also have there companies productions online and there is a music website that vivendi own is MP 3 where music can be purchased online. Advantages: An advantage towards a global company is that it is a huge company and they can increase their sales and profits as Vivendi own ODEON cinemas across the world and will get a lot of sales and profits as people around the world pay to see their films. Another advantage is that global companies can do their business online as a large percentage of people use the internet and they can get more sales and profits by doing this on the internet. Disadvantages: Global companies can gave their disadvantages and one of them is that the company is Global and they would have to change and modify their products into a different language so it suits that culture and they would have to do this for a lot countries. Another disadvantages would be the travel expenses as workers would have to travel around the world to observe the other businesses that are in different countries in the world.
LICENSE FEE AND THE ADVANTAGES TO MONOPOLY A license fee is where you have to pay a fee for your TV License so you can continue watching TV on Box sets. This can be paid yearly or monthly and by paying the fee it allows you to record Programmes. In order to fund some broadcast company use the license fees that have been paid to help fund the broadcasting Advantage: An advantage of monopoly can be that the multinational corporations own a lot of companies in the market that there is not much competition for them as the companies they own in the market are all working together on each production that they don't have to worry about any smaller companies that they are competing with in the market.