Outcome Evaluation Training for FVPSA Grantees Provided by

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Outcome Evaluation Training for FVPSA Grantees Provided by Cris Sullivan, Ph. D. Eleanor Lyon,

Outcome Evaluation Training for FVPSA Grantees Provided by Cris Sullivan, Ph. D. Eleanor Lyon, Ph. D.

What This Training Covers w New FVPSA program mandate for evaluation w Background information

What This Training Covers w New FVPSA program mandate for evaluation w Background information about prior evaluation efforts of domestic violence programs w Specific strategies for collecting this (and other) information directly from survivors w Specific strategies for reporting the data and using the information to improve services 2

New FVPSA Requirements w In 2005, the Family Violence Prevention and Services (FVPSA) Program

New FVPSA Requirements w In 2005, the Family Violence Prevention and Services (FVPSA) Program within DHHS was reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). w ‘Results were not adequately demonstrated. ’ w FVPSA Program is now required to have grantees collect outcome data. 3

So What is Outcome Evaluation? w Outcome evaluation involves examining change that has occurred

So What is Outcome Evaluation? w Outcome evaluation involves examining change that has occurred as a result of a service being provided. w An outcome is a change in knowledge, attitude, skill, behavior, expectation, emotional status, or life circumstance due to the service being provided. 4

FVPSA Program Response: w In response, Bill Riley, then Director of the FVPSA Programs,

FVPSA Program Response: w In response, Bill Riley, then Director of the FVPSA Programs, convened a national advisory workgroup to develop strategies for local programs. w He wanted the new requirement to be useful to programs, and not to be too burdensome. 5

Advisory Workgroup w Consisted of coalition directors, national resource centers, state FVPSA administrators, local

Advisory Workgroup w Consisted of coalition directors, national resource centers, state FVPSA administrators, local program directors, and evaluation specialists w Discussed needing outcomes to reflect the complex nature of our services w Wanted outcomes to be evidence-based and meaningful to local programs w Looked to prior evaluation efforts to inform this work 6

Prior Evaluation Efforts w In late 1990 s Cris Sullivan worked with PCADV and

Prior Evaluation Efforts w In late 1990 s Cris Sullivan worked with PCADV and Pennsylvania programs to identify reasonable outcomes of our work and how to evaluate those outcomes w This resulted in an outcome evaluation manual that included tools for programs to use w She also began providing one-day workshops for programs to learn about outcome evaluation. 7

Prior Evaluation Efforts • Also around that time the National Resource Center on Domestic

Prior Evaluation Efforts • Also around that time the National Resource Center on Domestic Violence (NRCDV) had been facilitating discussions among state coalition directors, women of color activists, and others to think critically about our work • As a result, in 1998 NRCDV initiated the Documenting Our Work Project (DOW) 8

The People Behind DOW w Project coordinators: Eleanor Lyon, Anne Menard and Sujata Warrier

The People Behind DOW w Project coordinators: Eleanor Lyon, Anne Menard and Sujata Warrier w A work group of coalition directors, local program directors, evaluation specialists, state administrators, and national resource centers 9

Why Document Our Work? 1) To develop consensus on definitions, goals, and outcomes of

Why Document Our Work? 1) To develop consensus on definitions, goals, and outcomes of our work. 2) Individual funders are increasingly requiring outcome evaluation. 3) Can use to strengthen and inform program practice, policy and research. 4) Can use to encourage accountability to survivors and their children. 10

DOW Products w Self-assessment tools for state coalitions and local programs w Community assessment

DOW Products w Self-assessment tools for state coalitions and local programs w Community assessment tools for state coalitions and local programs w Outcome evaluation surveys for local programs to evaluate hotlines, counseling, support groups, support services & advocacy, and shelter services 11

Client Feedback Surveys w Please see the DOW client feedback surveys in the manual

Client Feedback Surveys w Please see the DOW client feedback surveys in the manual appendix w The surveys were created to hear specifically from survivors about their experiences, in a simple and straightforward way w They were tested in programs across four states and found to be useful 12

The Advisory Group Noted That: w Similar outcomes were identified across the DOW project

The Advisory Group Noted That: w Similar outcomes were identified across the DOW project as well as Cris’s work in Pennsylvania and other states. w Programs were finding these outcomes, trainings, manuals and survey tools to be useful to them. 13

Advisory Group Also Looked to Research for Guidance w Research on the effectiveness of

Advisory Group Also Looked to Research for Guidance w Research on the effectiveness of domestic violence services is limited. w However, some longitudinal research has found that increasing women’s knowledge about and access to community resources decreases their risk of re-abuse and increases their well-being. w The manual includes more info about these studies 14

Research Also Shows: w The two strategies survivors have identified as most likely to

Research Also Shows: w The two strategies survivors have identified as most likely to make the (abuse) situation better are contacting a domestic violence victim service program (72%) and actually staying at a domestic violence shelter (79%). w Women who have stayed in shelters are more likely to generate escape plans, use active resistance strategies against abusers and seek help from professionals when faced with abuse. 15

Workgroup Consensus: They identified two outcomes that: n Are appropriate given the varied nature

Workgroup Consensus: They identified two outcomes that: n Are appropriate given the varied nature of survivors’ contact with programs l crisis contacts and non-crisis contacts, varying lengths of contact, contact within different service contexts, such as hotline, shelter, advocacy, and support groups) n Have been empirically shown by research to lead to long-term outcomes of increased safety and well-being 16

Workgroup’s Two Recommended Outcomes As a result of contact with the domestic violence program,

Workgroup’s Two Recommended Outcomes As a result of contact with the domestic violence program, 65% or more of domestic violence survivors will have more: 1. strategies for enhancing their safety. 2. knowledge of available community resources. 17

Additional Recommendations w Roll out these new expectations over time. w Provide training and

Additional Recommendations w Roll out these new expectations over time. w Provide training and technical assistance to states. w Provide actual tools and databases to states. w Pilot the DOW forms across four states to see if people find them to be manageable and useful. 18

Timeline for Rolling Out FVPSA Outcomes Oct ’ 05 – Sept ’ 06: n

Timeline for Rolling Out FVPSA Outcomes Oct ’ 05 – Sept ’ 06: n Introduced the outcomes to FVPSA grantees n Collaborated with pilot sites (MO, NE, PA, WI) to identify needs related to outcome evaluation 19

Timeline for Rolling Out FVPSA Outcomes Oct ’ 06 – Sept ’ 07: n

Timeline for Rolling Out FVPSA Outcomes Oct ’ 06 – Sept ’ 07: n Worked with pilot sites to refine data collection strategies, data collection tools, and reporting procedures. n Added additional pilot sites (NH, VT, ME); finalized an outcome manual that includes specific strategies and tools for grantees. 20

Timeline for Rolling Out FVPSA Outcomes Oct ’ 07 – Sept ’ 08: n

Timeline for Rolling Out FVPSA Outcomes Oct ’ 07 – Sept ’ 08: n Create a DVD training n Provide Train the Trainer workshops n Work with additional sites until outcome evaluation is fully implemented. By December of 2009: n all programs will be submitting a full year of data on the 2 outcomes to their FVPSA administrators (and then on to DHHS) 21

The Pilot Project A few findings to demonstrate the type of information you can

The Pilot Project A few findings to demonstrate the type of information you can get from survivors themselves

What Did the Pilot Involve? w In-person training of program staff w Follow-up TA—conference

What Did the Pilot Involve? w In-person training of program staff w Follow-up TA—conference calls & listserv w Strong encouragement to use complete DOWderived forms w Use of forms: shelter (2), support group, support services/advocacy, & counseling—some revised during training 23

Forms Have in Common: w Completed voluntarily by survivors w Checklist of services women

Forms Have in Common: w Completed voluntarily by survivors w Checklist of services women may have wanted & what they received w Outcomes of the service, including two new FVPSA outcomes: n n I know more ways to plan for my safety I know more about community resources w Respect and support received w Overall satisfaction with service w Basic demographics 24

Why Not Just Ask the Two Outcome Questions? w Would look odd to clients

Why Not Just Ask the Two Outcome Questions? w Would look odd to clients if there were only two questions on a survey w The usefulness of the info is limited w Does not give contextual information to programs w Does not capture important process information (such as respect, autonomy) 25

Examples of Results w Data submitted anonymously from programs with data entered w Represents

Examples of Results w Data submitted anonymously from programs with data entered w Represents survivors who received services across three states in 2007 26

“When I First Arrived in Shelter…” Staff made me feel welcome 96% Staff treated

“When I First Arrived in Shelter…” Staff made me feel welcome 96% Staff treated me with respect 91% Other women made me feel welcome It seemed like a place for women like me The space felt comfortable 84% 78% 27

If Service Was Desired, % of Women Who Received: All Some 95% 75 4%

If Service Was Desired, % of Women Who Received: All Some 95% 75 4% 22 Safety planning 80 16 Understanding about DV 81 15 Paying attention to own wants & needs 79 15 Emotional support for myself 76 17 Finding housing I can afford 67 24 Safety Learning about my options & choices 28

“Because of Shelter Experience, I Feel…” More hopeful about the future I can do

“Because of Shelter Experience, I Feel…” More hopeful about the future I can do more things on my own That I will achieve goals I set for myself I know more about my options More comfortable asking for help I know more about community resources I know more ways to plan for my safety More confident in my decision-making 96% 95% 94% 91% 91% 90% 88% 29

How Helpful was Shelter? 30

How Helpful was Shelter? 30

Of Support Services Desired, % of Women Who Received: All Some Talk with someone

Of Support Services Desired, % of Women Who Received: All Some Talk with someone who understands Support to make changes in my life 82% 80 17% 16 Information about counseling options 77 19 Learning how/why DV happens 73 25 Help getting safe/adequate housing 63 29 Help with a protective order * 91 3 Help with access to MH services * 68 24 31

“Because of Support Services, I Feel…” More hopeful about the future More comfortable asking

“Because of Support Services, I Feel…” More hopeful about the future More comfortable asking for help I will achieve the goals I set for myself I know more ways to plan for my safety I know more about my rights and options I can do more on my own More confident about my decision-making I know more about community resources 97% 94% 93% 91% 85% 32

How Helpful were Support Services? 33

How Helpful were Support Services? 33

Of Support Group Needs, % of Women Who Received: All Some 68% 67 30%

Of Support Group Needs, % of Women Who Received: All Some 68% 67 30% 28 Feel better about myself 65 29 Support to make changes in my life 61 34 Learn more about how/why DV 63 31 Learn who to call, where to get help 68 27 Help ending my relationship safely 53 35 Talk to others who understand Hear what other women have done 34

“Because of Support Groups, I Feel…” More hopeful about the future More confident about

“Because of Support Groups, I Feel…” More hopeful about the future More confident about my decision-making More comfortable asking for help I can do more on my own I know more ways to plan for my safety I know more about community resources 93% 91% 88% 85% 81% 35

How Helpful were Support Groups? 36

How Helpful were Support Groups? 36

Of Counseling Needs, % of Women Who Received: All Some 78% 78 20% 18

Of Counseling Needs, % of Women Who Received: All Some 78% 78 20% 18 Learn who to call, where to get help 75 14 Feel better about myself 72 23 Support to make changes in my life 70 22 Understand myself better 68 25 Help with issues about my children 63 31 Talk to others who understand Figure out how I can be safer 37

“Because of Counseling, I Feel…” More hopeful about the future I can do more

“Because of Counseling, I Feel…” More hopeful about the future I can do more on my own I know more ways to plan for my safety More confident about my decision-making More comfortable asking for help I know more about community resources 95% 94% 93% 92% 90% 38

How Helpful was Counseling? 39

How Helpful was Counseling? 39

Conclusions from Pilot w Overall, survivors found the forms easy to fill out w

Conclusions from Pilot w Overall, survivors found the forms easy to fill out w Overall, staff found the process relatively simple w Programs found the information useful w Some programs want fewer questions 40

Changes Made Based on Pilot w We have created a “menu” of questions that

Changes Made Based on Pilot w We have created a “menu” of questions that programs can use to create their own surveys w Databases have been created in Access and Excel for those programs using the entire DOW forms w We have created “cheat sheets” staff can use to remind them how to gather the information w Continuing to translate the forms into languages other than English 41

Collecting the New FVPSA Outcomes

Collecting the New FVPSA Outcomes

Collecting the New FVPSA Outcomes: Getting Started w Getting staff buy-in w Deciding who

Collecting the New FVPSA Outcomes: Getting Started w Getting staff buy-in w Deciding who on staff will do what w Deciding what questions to ask, how often to collect data, when to collect, and from whom w Treating clients respectfully 43

Staff Buy-in The Problem: w Staff are generally already overworked and tired of paperwork

Staff Buy-in The Problem: w Staff are generally already overworked and tired of paperwork that feels meaningless w Staff often don’t understand why they have to collect the information they do, or what happens to it w Staff often don’t ever see the tabulated information they DO collect 44

Getting Staff Buy-in w Involve them in understanding how the information can be used

Getting Staff Buy-in w Involve them in understanding how the information can be used by the program w Explain the new requirement and have them participate in developing a protocol for gathering the information w Share the findings with them periodically w Discuss with them how to make program changes based on the findings 45

Deciding Who on Staff Will Do What w In the manual is a form

Deciding Who on Staff Will Do What w In the manual is a form entitled CREATING A PLAN WITH STAFF FOR COLLECTING OUTCOME EVALUATION DATA 46

Data Collection Protocol w Forms should be handy and visible to the staff who

Data Collection Protocol w Forms should be handy and visible to the staff who will hand them out to clients w Staff should understand when and how to ask clients to participate w Supervision of this process, especially in the beginning, is important 47

What Will be Used? w We recommend using the forms available at http: //pubs.

What Will be Used? w We recommend using the forms available at http: //pubs. pcadv. net/FVPSA_Outcome/. At the login screen, type: User name: outcomes Password: outcomes w If not, incorporate the two questions into forms already being used by the program w Important we have consistent information to share with FVPSA administrator 48

When Will Data be Collected? w Do not collect data when clients are in

When Will Data be Collected? w Do not collect data when clients are in crisis w Allow enough time for change to occur n You can’t expect change to occur, for example, after a woman attends only one support group w But collect often enough that you don’t miss those clients who receive short-term services 49

How Often Will Data be Collected? w Depends on service: n n n Close

How Often Will Data be Collected? w Depends on service: n n n Close to exit for shelter residents Every 3 -6 weeks for support groups and counseling Support services is the most difficult to determine because you often don’t know when you’ve “finished. ” Allow enough time for change to occur (at least 2 contacts with an advocate, at minimum) 50

How Often Throughout the Year Will Data be Collected? w There a number of

How Often Throughout the Year Will Data be Collected? w There a number of options: n n n The first (or second, or third…) week of every month or quarter The first (or second, or third…) month of every quarter All year long w Whatever you pick, stay consistent 51

From Whom Will Data be Collected? w The good news: NOT EVERYONE w Important

From Whom Will Data be Collected? w The good news: NOT EVERYONE w Important to SAMPLE clients 52

Sampling w Sampling is an accepted way of collecting information from a part of

Sampling w Sampling is an accepted way of collecting information from a part of a group to represent the views or experiences of the group as a whole. w It is used all the time to gather information about the American public (polls, census, etc). 53

Sampling Strategies w The key to sampling is that you must make sure that

Sampling Strategies w The key to sampling is that you must make sure that the people you include are as much like (“representative of”) the whole group of people who receive your services as possible. n Survivors from all ages, races and cultural groups, sexual orientations, religious preferences, and abilities must be included. n Dissatisfied as well as satisfied clients need to be included. 54

Sample Size The number of survivors you collect information from is not fixed, and

Sample Size The number of survivors you collect information from is not fixed, and depends in part on how big your program is. If you serve hundreds every year, then collecting information from 20 -25% may be enough, as long as the selection process is consistent and unbiased. In general, the larger the number of clients you serve, the smaller the percentage you will need. If you have 1000 clients, sampling 10% or 15% may be enough. If you have 50 clients, sampling half of them would be better. 55

Sampling Recommendations w Shelter residents n n Try to get all residents to complete

Sampling Recommendations w Shelter residents n n Try to get all residents to complete Residents would NOT complete support services forms w Support Services n After at least 2 contacts with advocate (but as late in the process as possible) w Support group / Counseling n Every 3 -6 weeks 56

Inviting Clients to Participate w Only if the survivor is not in crisis w

Inviting Clients to Participate w Only if the survivor is not in crisis w Stress that participation is voluntary w Stress that you use client feedback to improve services w Stress the forms are brief and they can skip any questions they want w Stress how their anonymity is protected 57

Protecting Client Anonymity w This is CRITICAL w Clients need to know you are

Protecting Client Anonymity w This is CRITICAL w Clients need to know you are serious and have taken steps to ensure anonymity w Provide a locked box or sealed envelope for them to return surveys n If a small program, stress you only open the box or envelope monthly or quarterly 58

Accessibility Concerns w The forms are available in English and Spanish, with other languages

Accessibility Concerns w The forms are available in English and Spanish, with other languages being added (check in with the website periodically for more information) w Discuss with staff how to include women who are not able to complete written surveys (either due to illiteracy, disability, or language) w Surveys can be completed verbally, but NOT by the staff member who delivered the service 59

Protecting Client Anonymity w Provide either a pencil or a black or blue pen

Protecting Client Anonymity w Provide either a pencil or a black or blue pen for client to use to complete survey w Provide a private space for survey completion w NEVER have service provider take the completed survey back from client w Verbally explain these things to clients 60

The Two Outcomes to Report w Desired Outcomes: n n As a result of

The Two Outcomes to Report w Desired Outcomes: n n As a result of contact with the domestic violence program, 65% or more of domestic violence survivors will have strategies for enhancing their safety. As a result of contact with the domestic violence program, 65% or more of survivors will have knowledge of available community resources. 61

The Survey Items that Measure The Two Outcomes w I know more ways to

The Survey Items that Measure The Two Outcomes w I know more ways to plan for my safety n Yes or No w I know more about community resources n Yes or No 62

What Else Should We Ask? w At a minimum, you just need to ask

What Else Should We Ask? w At a minimum, you just need to ask the 2 outcomes. w We recommend adding at least a few other questions important to your program w Can pick and choose from our menu, use the forms available, or create your own 63

When Adding Items: w Try to keep the survey short and simple, but: w

When Adding Items: w Try to keep the survey short and simple, but: w Include questions important to your agency n n n Don’t just ask about what you currently offer, but ask about other services clients might need Getting staff input is helpful, increases buy-in Getting input from a survivor advisory board is invaluable as well! 64

The Surveys are In – Now What? w Entering the data n Identify more

The Surveys are In – Now What? w Entering the data n Identify more than one staff to do this w Demonstration: shelter form w Access and Excel databases are available for the DOW forms w Instructions can be found in the manual 65

Analyzing the Data w Quantitative: n n n Frequencies/counts “Cross tabs” If some information

Analyzing the Data w Quantitative: n n n Frequencies/counts “Cross tabs” If some information is missing w Qualitative n Themes and examples 66

Interpreting Your Findings w Keep it simple—esp. for the public w Keep it positive—let

Interpreting Your Findings w Keep it simple—esp. for the public w Keep it positive—let people know about your good work w Keep it honest—program credibility is crucial 67

Using Graphics: An Example Relationship Between Number of Contacts with an Advocate and Women

Using Graphics: An Example Relationship Between Number of Contacts with an Advocate and Women Feeling They Know More About Resources 68

Using Your Findings Internally: w Improve your services based on feedback w Advertise to

Using Your Findings Internally: w Improve your services based on feedback w Advertise to staff, volunteers, and clients how you are using the findings 69

Using Your Findings Externally: w Use findings to justify current services w Use findings

Using Your Findings Externally: w Use findings to justify current services w Use findings to justify creating new services w Use findings to create systems change 70

Reporting the Two Outcomes w States will be handling this differently; work with FVPSA

Reporting the Two Outcomes w States will be handling this differently; work with FVPSA administrator w A form in the manual has been created for this purpose entitled “Annual Report to Send to FVPSA Administrator” w These outcomes are NOT meant to be used by FVPSA administrators to make funding decisions 71

Additional Supports w Manual, forms, instructions, and FAQs are available at no charge at:

Additional Supports w Manual, forms, instructions, and FAQs are available at no charge at: http: //pubs. pcadv. net/FVPSA_Outcome/ At the login screen, type: User name: outcomes Password: outcomes 72

Additional Supports w Throughout 2008 Cris Sullivan and Eleanor Lyon will be offering a

Additional Supports w Throughout 2008 Cris Sullivan and Eleanor Lyon will be offering a limited number of conference calls, workshops, and other forms of technical assistance (their contact information is in the manual) w Your state coalition and/or FVPSA administrator will keep you posted 73

Thank You! We wish you the best of luck and sincerely hope this information

Thank You! We wish you the best of luck and sincerely hope this information is helpful to you and your program