Operational Risk Management Risk Assessment Levels of Operational

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Operational Risk Management & Risk Assessment

Operational Risk Management & Risk Assessment

Levels of Operational Risk Management Ø Planning Level Ø Operational Level Ø Time Critical

Levels of Operational Risk Management Ø Planning Level Ø Operational Level Ø Time Critical Level

Risk Assessment Planning Risk Management Process Planning Operational Tools 215 A/Risk Mgmt Matrix IAP

Risk Assessment Planning Risk Management Process Planning Operational Tools 215 A/Risk Mgmt Matrix IAP Situation Awareness Planning Strategy Meeting Operations Safety Logistics Plans Incident objectives (202) Incident organization (203) Weather forecast Fire behavior forecast Communications Plan (205) Risk Management Matrix JHA/RA Safety Messages Pocket card Briefings Safety Planning - (215 A) Engineering Administrative PPE Educational Avoidance Safety Messages Medical Plans Operational Planning – (215) Contingency plans Incident Emergency Plans Safety Action Plan ICP/Remote Camp Safety Plans Incident within Incident Plan Re-evaluate and revise strategy and/or tactics Work Assignments (204) Medical Plan (206) Turndown protocols (IRPG) During Action Review Concurrence from Command & General Staff Debrief Establishing situation awareness/gathering information Hazard Assessment Identifying hazards and assessing the risk Hazard Controlling or eliminating hazards Decision Point Making go/no-go decisions based on acceptability of remaining risk Residual risk Evaluate Evaluating effectiveness of hazard controls and continuously re-evaluating situation

Operational Risk Management Ø Red Book ü Chapters 1 & 7 Ø Blue Book

Operational Risk Management Ø Red Book ü Chapters 1 & 7 Ø Blue Book (BIA) ü Chapters 2 & 9 Ø Fireline Handbook Ø Local Unit SOP’s Ø IRPG

Operational Risk Management IRPG - Green Pages Ø Risk Management Process Ø Look Up,

Operational Risk Management IRPG - Green Pages Ø Risk Management Process Ø Look Up, Down, Around Ø LCES Ø Safety Zones Ø Urban Interface Ø Complexity Analysis Ø Refuse Risk

The Five Step Process

The Five Step Process

Principles of Operational Risk Management Ø Manage risk in the planning stage Ø Do

Principles of Operational Risk Management Ø Manage risk in the planning stage Ø Do not accept unnecessary risk Ø Make risk decisions at the appropriate level Ø Accept risk when benefits outweigh costs and/or potential consequences

Operational Risk Management Process Determine level of Risk and establish Mitigations

Operational Risk Management Process Determine level of Risk and establish Mitigations

Risk Assessment Matrix

Risk Assessment Matrix

Risk Assessment Code Matrix Definition Probability – The likelihood that a hazard will result

Risk Assessment Code Matrix Definition Probability – The likelihood that a hazard will result in a mishap or loss (Exposure in terms of time, proximity, and repetition) Hazard Probability Codes Ø Ø Frequent Likely Occasional Rarely (A) (B) (C) (D)

Risk Assessment Code Matrix Definition: Severity – The worst credible consequence that can occur

Risk Assessment Code Matrix Definition: Severity – The worst credible consequence that can occur as a result of a hazard Severity Codes Ø Ø Catastrophic Critical Significant Minor (I) (III) (IV)

Risk Management Process Risk An expression of possible loss in terms of severity and

Risk Management Process Risk An expression of possible loss in terms of severity and probability Hazard Any real or potential condition that can cause injury, illness or death of personnel, or damage to, or loss of equipment or property.

Risk Management Process Types of Hazards Ø Material Ø Environment Ø Organizational Ø Special

Risk Management Process Types of Hazards Ø Material Ø Environment Ø Organizational Ø Special Considerations

Risk Management Process Ø Assess hazards to determine risks Ø Assess impact of each

Risk Management Process Ø Assess hazards to determine risks Ø Assess impact of each hazard ü Potential loss (Risk vs Reward) ü Cost ü Mission degradation based on probability and severity.

Develop Controls Reduce risk by lowering the probability of occurrence and decreasing potential severity

Develop Controls Reduce risk by lowering the probability of occurrence and decreasing potential severity of a hazard, or both. Types of Controls – Ø Engineering Ø Administrative Ø PPE Ø Educational Ø Avoidance Most often described as “mitigations” within the wildland fire community.

Criteria for Controls ØSuitability – The control must truly remove the hazard or mitigate

Criteria for Controls ØSuitability – The control must truly remove the hazard or mitigate (reduce) the risk to an acceptable level. ØFeasible – The end user will have the capability to implement the control. ØAcceptable – The end user will accept and implement the control. ØEffectiveness – Benefit gained by implementing the control and justifying the cost in resources and time.

Residual Risk The level of risk remaining after controls have been identified and selected.

Residual Risk The level of risk remaining after controls have been identified and selected. Ø Eliminating every risk is often not achievable Ø Residual risk after mitigation needs to be identified and determined if the risk is at an acceptable level.

Overall Residual Risk Cumulative Risk Ø Should be determined based on the hazard having

Overall Residual Risk Cumulative Risk Ø Should be determined based on the hazard having the greatest residual risk down to the hazard having the least risk. Ø Determining overall mission risk by averaging the risks of all hazards is not valid.

Risk Decision The decision to accept or not accept the Risk(s) associated with an

Risk Decision The decision to accept or not accept the Risk(s) associated with an action. Ø Based on residual risk Ø Benefits outweigh the cost/potential consequence Ø Made at the appropriate level

Decision Options Ø Accept Risk Ø Modify Risk with control measures Ø Requires more

Decision Options Ø Accept Risk Ø Modify Risk with control measures Ø Requires more information Ø Reject Risk Ø Elevate to higher levels Ø Consider alternative action Ø Avoidance

Risk Management Process Ø Evaluate hazard controls and continuously monitor the overall situation Ø

Risk Management Process Ø Evaluate hazard controls and continuously monitor the overall situation Ø Each operational period, leaders should evaluate how well the risk management process was executed.

Completed Risk Assessments • 13 Generic R. A. ’s Completed • Need to Complete

Completed Risk Assessments • 13 Generic R. A. ’s Completed • Need to Complete R. A. Codes • Add/Delete Mitigation Measures http: //www. bia. gov/nifc/safety/risk/index. ht m

Tony Beitia BIA-NIFC juan. beitia@bia. gov 1 -208 -387 -5177 00 -27 S-404 EP

Tony Beitia BIA-NIFC juan. [email protected] gov 1 -208 -387 -5177 00 -27 S-404 EP