Open Science Yvonne Desmond Sublibrarian Digital Services Research

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Open Science Yvonne Desmond Sub-librarian, Digital Services & Research Yvonne. desmond@tudublin. ie Tel: 2205037

Open Science Yvonne Desmond Sub-librarian, Digital Services & Research Yvonne. [email protected] ie Tel: 2205037

ARROW @ TU Dublin By 2021 your Research Funding and Research Funding Opportunities will

ARROW @ TU Dublin By 2021 your Research Funding and Research Funding Opportunities will DISAPPEAR if you are not on the path to OPEN SCIENCE.

Why now? • Good for society • Open Science has the potential to increase

Why now? • Good for society • Open Science has the potential to increase • Quality and efficiency of R&I if all the results are shared, made reusable and if their reproducibility is improved • Creativity through collective intelligence and cross disciplinary research where the collective data is easy to use • Transparency of and trust in the system by engaging all relevant stakeholders including citizens and society

Why is it a problem now? • Unusable research reports • methods/codes unavailable, inadequate

Why is it a problem now? • Unusable research reports • methods/codes unavailable, inadequate information on trials, experiments et • Irrelevant scientific questions • not relevant to society, lack of awareness of existing information • Biased results • conflicts of interests, fraud, selective reporting • Poor design, conduct and analysis. . • Results not fully accessible. . . do not report failures etc. While volume of research output steadily increases!

European Commission • Improve • Freely accessible publications and early sharing of all research

European Commission • Improve • Freely accessible publications and early sharing of all research outputs • FAIR data • Reproducible results • Cross-sectoral and cross disciplinary approaches • Develop enablers • Infrastructures • Research systems that rewards and incentivizes open science practices with appropriate metrics • Appropriate skills and education including research integrity

European Commission Policy • Mainstreaming and promoting open access policies • Developing an Open

European Commission Policy • Mainstreaming and promoting open access policies • Developing an Open Science Cloud • Embedding science in society to make science more responsive to societal and economic expectations • Fostering and creating incentives • Removing barriers • Directives. . eg. copyright directive exception for research to carry out text and data mining

Main points • Commitment to national monitoring • Moving towards no embargoes • Will

Main points • Commitment to national monitoring • Moving towards no embargoes • Will not pay for apcs for hybrid journals • National principles for research data • Use institutional repositories • National approach to “rewards and incentives” • Commitment to explore national infrastructure • Commitment to explore responsible metrics

Open access to publications

Open access to publications

Open Access to Publications • A version made available on open platform • Open

Open Access to Publications • A version made available on open platform • Open access free to use and repurpose • Author visibility…global north, global south • Measure of impact • Scholarship is shared quicker • Journal model creaking/too expensive • Includes all stakeholders (citizen scholar)

Publishing Models Directory of Open Access Journals Doaj. org Gold Open Access Author pays

Publishing Models Directory of Open Access Journals Doaj. org Gold Open Access Author pays publisher to publish Hybrid Open Access Pay extra for Open Access Rights Green Open Access Use author’s final version Comply with publisher’s policy National Principals are for Green TU Dublin Policy is for green Library deals…IREL

Plan S

Plan S

 • • • Attribution, no derivatives Attribution, non commercial share alike Attribution, non-

• • • Attribution, no derivatives Attribution, non commercial share alike Attribution, non- commercial Attribution, non-commercial, no derivatives https: //creativecommons. org/licen ses/ 24

TU Dublin Journal • Volume 1: 2013 • 183 papers • 154, 668 downloads

TU Dublin Journal • Volume 1: 2013 • 183 papers • 154, 668 downloads • In DOAJ • Indexed in Scopus • Fully Open Access • No charges • Book Review Editors • Editorial Board (35) • Industry Advisory Board

Origin Editorial Board Statement about charges Did they invite you? Content DOI's

Origin Editorial Board Statement about charges Did they invite you? Content DOI's

Ireland’s Open Access Repository Network Connaught / Ulster Alliance (ITS, LKIT, GMIT) HSE Harvested

Ireland’s Open Access Repository Network Connaught / Ulster Alliance (ITS, LKIT, GMIT) HSE Harvested DBS DCU NUI G RCSI DIT TCD Marine I • Greater discoverability • Higher impact • All research outputs DKIT NUI M UCD Teagasc UL WIT MI UCC Searched • Ireland’s OA Repository network: 20+ institutions • All universities, many other research institutes • National Open Access Portal: RIAN (http: //rian. ie ) – RIAN: Higher Education Authority- funded 28

global impact Arrow downloads 2014 -2018

global impact Arrow downloads 2014 -2018

Research Data

Research Data

What is Research Data? • Data collected, observed or created for the purposes of

What is Research Data? • Data collected, observed or created for the purposes of analysis to produce and validate research results • Can be print and online • Digital data = data digitised or born digital • Mantra online course https: //mantra. edina. ac. uk/researchdataexplained/

TU Dublin Policy

TU Dublin Policy

Benefits • Can publish articles about DATA • Datasets can be cited • Data

Benefits • Can publish articles about DATA • Datasets can be cited • Data Management Plan • Open datasets = research integrity • Library can give you a DOI • Can develop reputation for generating high quality data • Arrow Data Portal https: //arrow. tudublin. ie/data/ https: //dit. libguides. com/datamanagement https: //arrow. tudublin. ie/dataguide/

Plan S

Plan S

Skills/Incentives

Skills/Incentives

Altmetrics Article/dataset level metrics Measuring different nontraditional forms of impact Alternative to only using

Altmetrics Article/dataset level metrics Measuring different nontraditional forms of impact Alternative to only using citations Altmetrics/PLUMX software tracking tools Highlights uptake, engagement and impact Digital tools are being used to communicate

The Future?

The Future?

But in the meantime……. . • Traditional metrics alive and well • Current system

But in the meantime……. . • Traditional metrics alive and well • Current system suits Sciences • Bad for Engineering, Computing, Arts & Humanities. • APCs and how to pay for them Questions • Will established academics lead? • Will evaluation metrics change? • What are the incentives? requires a paradigm shift in research culture

Go raibh maith agat Thank You

Go raibh maith agat Thank You