Olympian gods vs. Titans
What This is About… The story of Zeus overthrowing his father, Cronus, as a result of the war between the Olympian gods and the Titans.
Humble Beginnings Zeus was born on Crete. After a short time, he obtained a magic potion from a female titan named Metis. Zeus had his mother arrange for him to become his father’s cupbearer.
The Magic Potion Zeus gives the potion to his father, Cronus, and it forces him to spit up the rest of Zeus’ brothers and sisters.
Generals Rising Zeus’ five siblings are grateful and appoint him as the leader of their group, the Olympian gods. Cronus fears Zeus’ soon-to-be great power. Cronus gets his fellow Titans together.
Titanomachy • • • Zeus His siblings Prometheus Cyclopes Hekatonchires • Cronus • Titans led by Atlas
Gigantomachy • Zeus • Giants, sons of Gaia • Typhon • Otus and Ephialtes
Creation of Human Beings People created by Zeus or the Olympians: 1. Generations - Gold (O) - Silver (O) - Bronze & Heroes (Z) - Iron (Z) 2. Z. sends the flood 3. Deucalion and Pyrrha throw stones People created by Prometheus 1. P. steals fire 2. P. deprives Zeus of a better part of the sacrifice 3. Zeus sends Pandora 4. Bird of pray eating P’s liver in Caucasus
Anthropomorphic Gods • Human in form an character • Idealized mortals endowed with • - physical beauty • - intense emotions • - superhuman powers to: • * change shape • * become invisible • * fly
Divine anatomy • ICHOR = divine blood • NECTAR = divine drink • AMBROSIA = divine food
Olympians Chthonic Deities • Gods of the Earth • Twelve major deities • Dwelling on Mt. Olympus
Nymphs • Female spirits who animate aspects of nature • Not necessarily immortal • NAIADS inhabit waters • DRYADS inhabit trees
FATES Personifications of Destiny • Parents: Zeus & Themis / Night & Erebus • CLOTHO: spins out the thread of life • LACHESIS: measures the thread • ATROPOS: cuts the thread
14 MAJOR GREEK DEITIES • 6 Children of Cronus and Rhea: • Zeus, Poseidon, Hades • Demeter, Hestia, Hera • 7 children of Zeus • Hephaestus, Ares, Apollo, Artemis, Heremes, Athena, Dionysus, • Aphrodite
A Reason to Fight Titan women do not join Cronus, and two titan men, Prometheus and Epimetheus join the Olympians instead of Cronus. He chooses Atlas to lead the battle between them.
The Battle of the Olympians The Olympian Gods and Titans fought for ten years, and the battle became a stalemate. Gaea advised Zeus to free the Cyclopes and get them on his side.
A Hundred-Headed and One-Eyed Unfair Advantage Zeus travels to the Underworld in a place called Tartarus. He kills the beast that guards their prison and releases them. In return for rescuing them, they ally with the Olympians, and give Zeus the upper hand.
The Rewards The Titans give Zeus the power over thunder and lightning. They give Hades the helm of darkness and Poseidon a Trident.
The Final Days Hades used his power of darkness to steal Cronus’ weapons while Poseidon came at him with his trident. Zeus struck at Cronus with lightning.
Fall of the Titans The Olympian gods won the war, and the defeated Titans were sent to Tartarus. Atlas was made to hold up the sky.
Works Cited The Greek Gods. 1 Mar. 2009 <http: //www. wsu. edu/~delahoyd/greek. gods. html>. “Olympians vs. Titans. ” Olympians vs. Titans. 2008. 1 Mar. 2009 <http: //historylink 102. com/greece 2/titans. htm>. The Olympic Gods. 1 Mar. 2009 <http: //library. thinkquest. org/CR 0210200/ancient_gr eece/olympiangods. htm>.