OLD TESTAMENT STORY LINE GENESIS EXODUS NUMBERS JOSHUA

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OLD TESTAMENT STORY LINE GENESIS EXODUS NUMBERS JOSHUA JUDGES 1 SAMUEL 2 SAMUEL 1

OLD TESTAMENT STORY LINE GENESIS EXODUS NUMBERS JOSHUA JUDGES 1 SAMUEL 2 SAMUEL 1 KINGS 2 KINGS EXILE EZRA NEHEMIAH

CHRONOLOGY OF OLD TESTAMENT COLOUR BOOKS or STILL SHOTS STORY LINE EXILE RECONSTRU CTION

CHRONOLOGY OF OLD TESTAMENT COLOUR BOOKS or STILL SHOTS STORY LINE EXILE RECONSTRU CTION ERA 8 TH CENTURY GENESIS Jonah LEVITICUS EXODUS Amos DEUTERONOMY NUMBERS Obadiah JOSHUA Hosea RUTH JUDGES Isaiah PSALMS 1 SAMUEL Micah PROVERBS ECCLESIASTES 2 SAMUEL SONG OF SOLOMON 1 KINGS 7 TH 1 & 2 CHRONICLES 2 KINGS Zephaniah LAMENTATIONS ESTHER EXILE EZRA NEHEMIAH Daniel Ezekiel CENTURY Habakkuk HAGGAI Jeremiah ZECHARIAH Joel MALACHI Nahum

1 KINGS Theme: Disruption Date Written: 550 B. C. Author: Unknown Setting: Israel *

1 KINGS Theme: Disruption Date Written: 550 B. C. Author: Unknown Setting: Israel * Two Books of Kings were originally one in the Hebrew Bible.

I Kings. . . Introduction The Septuagint may have divided Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles

I Kings. . . Introduction The Septuagint may have divided Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles into two because the Greek required a greater amount of scroll space than did the Hebrew.

1 Kings – Introduction (Continues. . . ) The story of 1 and 2

1 Kings – Introduction (Continues. . . ) The story of 1 and 2 Kings is basically one failure. The tiny nation of Israel had gained dominance in its region because God had blessed it. But at the height of their affluence and influence, the people plunged into poverty and paralysis as they turn away from God.

Authorship Talmudic Traditions says that Kings was written by the Prophet Jeremiah. Both 1

Authorship Talmudic Traditions says that Kings was written by the Prophet Jeremiah. Both 1 and 2 Kings emphasize God’s righteous judgment on idolatry and immorality. The style of these books is also similar to that found in Jeremiah.

Life Lessons from 1 Kings God has given you the stewardship of your life

Life Lessons from 1 Kings God has given you the stewardship of your life – use it wisely. Obedience to God will bring blessings to you and others. Wisdom is not a guarantee you won’t act foolishly. Beware of Worldliness —it can turn your heart from God.

Life Lessons (Continues. . . ) Don’t let your personal desires distort the standards

Life Lessons (Continues. . . ) Don’t let your personal desires distort the standards established in God’s Word. Unless you serve God, you become a slave to whatever takes His place in your life. Pray unselfishly for that which help others.

Elijah The Prophet Elijah ministers during the reign of Ahab, an exceptionally wicked northern

Elijah The Prophet Elijah ministers during the reign of Ahab, an exceptionally wicked northern king. Ahab’s wife Jezebel introduces Baal worship to those in the wicked northern kingdom. Elijah confronts Ahab the prophets of Baal in a showdown on Mount Carmel, where God miraculously sends down fire and consumes a sacrifice well-doused with water by Elijah goes on to kill 450 prophets of Baal who were present at Mount Carmel.

SURVEY OF THE 1 KINGS CHAPTERS 1 TO 11 - Solomon and a United

SURVEY OF THE 1 KINGS CHAPTERS 1 TO 11 - Solomon and a United Kingdom (40 Years) CHAPTERS 12 TO 22 – The Kings and a Divided Kingdom (90 Years)

MIRACLES PERFORMED BY ELIJAH Multiplies a widow’s food Raises a widow’s son to life

MIRACLES PERFORMED BY ELIJAH Multiplies a widow’s food Raises a widow’s son to life Calls down God’s fire on an altar and its sacrifice Calls down fire on evil soldiers Parts the Jordan River

2 KINGS Theme: Dispersion Date Written: 550 B. C. Author: Unknown Setting: Divided kingdoms

2 KINGS Theme: Dispersion Date Written: 550 B. C. Author: Unknown Setting: Divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah

Purpose of Kings were written selectively, not exhaustively, from a prophetic viewpoint to teach

Purpose of Kings were written selectively, not exhaustively, from a prophetic viewpoint to teach that the decline and collapse of the two kingdoms occurred because of failure on the part of the rulers and people to heed the warnings of God’s messengers.

Elisha While Elijah is a type of John the Baptist (see Matt. 11: 14;

Elisha While Elijah is a type of John the Baptist (see Matt. 11: 14; 17: 10 -12; Luke 1: 17). Elisha reminds of Christ. Elijah generally lives apart from the people and stresses law, judgment and repentance. Elisha lives among the people and emphasizes grace, life and hope.

Miracles Performed by Elisha Parts the Jordan River Purifies the water at Jericho Multiplies

Miracles Performed by Elisha Parts the Jordan River Purifies the water at Jericho Multiplies a widow’s oil Raises a boy from the dead Purifies poisonous stew Multiplies prophets food Heals Naaman’s leprosy Flots ax head Blinds Syrian army.

Life lessons from 2 Kings God is patient. He gives you many opportunities to

Life lessons from 2 Kings God is patient. He gives you many opportunities to heed His call to repentance and Obedience. Even when others around you are disobedient, you are to be obedient, for you are responsible for your actions. An idol is any idea, ability, possession, or person that you regard more highly than God. Pride and arrogance are sure signs you are going down the wrong path—path that will lead to destruction.

Survey of 2 Kings Chapters 1 -17 The Divided Kingdom (853 – 722 BC).

Survey of 2 Kings Chapters 1 -17 The Divided Kingdom (853 – 722 BC). Israel and Judah 722 BC Israel Departed to Assyria Chapters 18 – 25 The Surviving Kingdom (715 B. C. – 560 B. C. ) Judah Deported to Babylon

1 CHRONICLES Theme: Israel’s Spiritual History Date written: 450 – 425 B. C. Author:

1 CHRONICLES Theme: Israel’s Spiritual History Date written: 450 – 425 B. C. Author: Ezra Setting: Israel after the captivity.

1 Chronicles - Introduction The book of 1 and 2 Chronicles were originally one

1 Chronicles - Introduction The book of 1 and 2 Chronicles were originally one book in the Hebrew Bible. They were divided at the time of their translation into Greek, and that division continues into the English translations. First Chronicles covers the same period of Israel’s history as the book of 2 Samuel but with one difference. 2 Samuel gives a political history of the Davidic dynasty, while 1 Chronicles gives the religious history.

1 Chronicles - Introduction The books of 1 and 2 Chronicles cover the same

1 Chronicles - Introduction The books of 1 and 2 Chronicles cover the same period of Jewish history described in 2 Samuel through 2 Kings. These books are no mere repetition of the same material, but rather form a divine editorial on the history of God’s people. 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings – Prophetic/political 1 and 2 Chronicles - Priestly/spiritual perspective

Authorship of Chronicles The contents points to priestly authorship because of the emphasis on

Authorship of Chronicles The contents points to priestly authorship because of the emphasis on the temple, the priesthood, and theocratic line of David in the southern kingdom of Judah. The narrative indicates the chronicles was at least written by a contemporary of Ezra. Chronicles is quite similar in style to the Book of Ezra, and both share a priestly perspective: genealogies, temple worship, ministry of the priesthood, and obedience to the law of God.

Chronicles The closing verses of 2 Chronicles (36: 22 -23) are repeated with minor

Chronicles The closing verses of 2 Chronicles (36: 22 -23) are repeated with minor changes as the opening verses of Ezra (1: 1 -3). Thus Chronicles and Ezra may have been one consecutive history as were Luke and Acts.

Life Lessons from 1 Chronicles God continues to work out His plans in History

Life Lessons from 1 Chronicles God continues to work out His plans in History through His People. God will be true to His promises in spite of your checkered past. Your past mistakes provide valuable lessons for your present holiness. Realize God has a future for you, just as He has a future for Israel.

Survey of 1 Chronicles Chapters 1: 1 to 9: 44 - Royal Line of

Survey of 1 Chronicles Chapters 1: 1 to 9: 44 - Royal Line of David (covers Thousands of Years). Genealogies covers Adam – David. Chapters 10: 1 to 29: 30 – Reign of David (C. 33 Years). (David’s rule over the United Kingdom).

2 Chronicles Theme: Israel’s spiritual heritage Date Written: 450 – 425 B. C. Author:

2 Chronicles Theme: Israel’s spiritual heritage Date Written: 450 – 425 B. C. Author: Ezra Setting: Israel after the exile

2 Chronicles The book of 2 Chronicles covers much of the same period as

2 Chronicles The book of 2 Chronicles covers much of the same period as 1 and 2 Kings. Second Chronicles gives a divine editorial on the spiritual nature of the Davidic dynasty from the time of United kingdom of Solomon to the deportation of the kingdom of Judah; then to the decree of Cyrus, king of Persia, for the exiles to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple after a 70 year exile. Because this is a spiritual chronicle of David’s lineage, the wicked kings of the northern kingdom and their history are completely omitted.

2 Chronicles – Introduction (Continues. . . ) Chronicles focuses on those kings who

2 Chronicles – Introduction (Continues. . . ) Chronicles focuses on those kings who pattern their lives and reigns after the life and reign of godly King David. It gives extended treatment to such zealous reformers as Asa, Jehoshaphat, Joash, hezekiah, and Josiah.

2 Chronicles Reign of Solomon 1: 1 -9: 31 Reigns of the kings of

2 Chronicles Reign of Solomon 1: 1 -9: 31 Reigns of the kings of Judah 10: 1 – 36: 23 Temple Constructed Temple is Destroyed. Splendor Disaster C. 40 Years C. 393 Years

Survey of 2 Chroniciles Chapter 1 – 9 Solomon’s Glory. Chapters 10 – 36

Survey of 2 Chroniciles Chapter 1 – 9 Solomon’s Glory. Chapters 10 – 36 Judah’s Decline and Exile.

Model of Solomon’s Temple

Model of Solomon’s Temple

Life lessons from 2 Chronicles There is always a consequence to disobedience. You can

Life lessons from 2 Chronicles There is always a consequence to disobedience. You can –and should—learn from failures of others. Yesterdays’ revival must be renewed today. In the same way that the temple was the focal point of worship for Old Testament saints, Christ is to be your focal point today.

EZRA Theme: Restoration Date Written: 457 – 444 B. C. Author: Ezra Setting: Jerusalem

EZRA Theme: Restoration Date Written: 457 – 444 B. C. Author: Ezra Setting: Jerusalem

Model of Zerubabbel’s Temple

Model of Zerubabbel’s Temple

Model of Herod’s Temple

Model of Herod’s Temple

Herod’s Temple - Illustrated

Herod’s Temple - Illustrated

Eastern Gate

Eastern Gate

Temple Mount – Dome of the Rock

Temple Mount – Dome of the Rock

Temple Mount Aerial View

Temple Mount Aerial View

Ezra - Introduction Ezra, the author of 1 and 2 Chronicles, picks up where

Ezra - Introduction Ezra, the author of 1 and 2 Chronicles, picks up where he leaves off at the end of 2 Chronicles. He records the accounts of two returns of a small remnant of Jews from exile. As a Priest, Ezra continues his goal of providing a priestly and spiritual perspective on Judah’s historical events.

Ezra - Introduction (Continues. . . ) Ezra relates the story of two returns

Ezra - Introduction (Continues. . . ) Ezra relates the story of two returns from Babylonia —the first led by Zerubbabel to rebuild the temple (16), and the second under the leadership of Ezra to rebuild the spiritual condition of the people (7 -10). **In between the two returns there is a gap of six decades, during which Esther lives and rules as a queen in Persia.

Survey of Ezra Chapters 1 - 6 - The Restoration of the Temple Chapters

Survey of Ezra Chapters 1 - 6 - The Restoration of the Temple Chapters 7 – 10 - The Reformation of the People

Life Lessons from Ezra God always keeps His promises to His people. . .

Life Lessons from Ezra God always keeps His promises to His people. . . And to you. God is at work behind the scenes to lead and direct your life. Strong spiritual leadership is necessary to give people spiritual guidance. Preparation to teach God’s People is a dedicated undertaking. Teaching God’s Word will always have a positive effect.

Nehemiah Theme: Reconstruction Date Written: 424 - 400 B. C. Author: Nehemiah Setting: Jerusalem

Nehemiah Theme: Reconstruction Date Written: 424 - 400 B. C. Author: Nehemiah Setting: Jerusalem

Nehemiah - Introduction First, Ezra arrives on the scene and brings about reforms through

Nehemiah - Introduction First, Ezra arrives on the scene and brings about reforms through the teaching of God’s Word. Now 13 years later, Nehemiah, a trusted cupbearer of the king of Persia, arrives in Jerusalem with a burden to rebuild the wall.

Jerusalem Wall

Jerusalem Wall

Jerusalem Wall

Jerusalem Wall

Nehemiah Introduction (Continues. . . ) Nehemiah was concerned about rebuilding of the walls

Nehemiah Introduction (Continues. . . ) Nehemiah was concerned about rebuilding of the walls around Jerusalem (which were destroyed by the Babylonians), and the reinstructing of the Jewish people, who were becoming pagan through intermarriage with the Gentile unbelievers who lived all around them.

Life Lessons from Nehemiah At times you may become the answer to your own

Life Lessons from Nehemiah At times you may become the answer to your own prayers. Most things you do for God’s purpose will require acts of faith. Don’t underestimate the importance of reading and understanding God’s Word. You must keep a constant vigil against attacks from the enemy of your soul.

Survey of Nehemiah Reconstruction of the Wall (1: 1 - 7: 73) Restoration of

Survey of Nehemiah Reconstruction of the Wall (1: 1 - 7: 73) Restoration of the People (8: 1 - 13: 31)

ESTHER Theme: Preservation Date: 450 – 431 B. C. Author: Unknown Setting: The Court

ESTHER Theme: Preservation Date: 450 – 431 B. C. Author: Unknown Setting: The Court of Persia

Esther - Introduction The story of Esther’s life fits between chapters 6 and 7

Esther - Introduction The story of Esther’s life fits between chapters 6 and 7 of Ezra, between the first return led by Zerubabbael and the second return led by Ezra. It provides the only biblical portrait of the vast majority of Jews who choose to remain in Persia rather than return to Palestine after the Exile.

Esther – Introduction (continues. . . ) Esther’s Hebrew name was Hadassah, “myrtle” (2:

Esther – Introduction (continues. . . ) Esther’s Hebrew name was Hadassah, “myrtle” (2: 7), but her Persian name Ester was derived from the Persian word for “star” (stara). The Greek title for this book is Esther.

The Feast of Purim The first and only non-Mosaic festival An annual two-day holiday

The Feast of Purim The first and only non-Mosaic festival An annual two-day holiday of rejoicing Held in February or March Named for the Akkadian word for “lot”

Life lessons from Esther Don’t Let less-than-perfect circumstances keep you from trusting in God.

Life lessons from Esther Don’t Let less-than-perfect circumstances keep you from trusting in God. Don’t think that a difficult life prevents you from great service to God and His people. God’s protective hand is always present even though it is not always visible. It takes courage to speak up for your beliefs and be willing to suffer the consequences of doing so. Each of God’s people—including you– has been prepared by God for some purpose and strategic usefulness.

Survey of Esther The Threat to the Jews ( 1 to 4) The Triumph

Survey of Esther The Threat to the Jews ( 1 to 4) The Triumph of the Jews (5 – 10)