- Slides: 12
Oil Seed Crops
Oil Seed Crops 5 Major § § § Soybeans Peanuts Safflower Flax Sunflower
Soybeans § Grown in the Corn Belt § Internationally grown in Brazil § Oil and grains are the major uses § Oil Many Products § Grain. Important PROTEIN source for animal feed.
Peanuts § Peanut is a legume (in the pea family, not a nut. ) § Grown in the South (needs warm temp. ) § George Washington Carver found 300 uses for peanuts.
Flax § Flax fiber from the stems of plants are used to make linen. § The oil from flax is called LINSEED Oil § Oil is important in paints and hundreds of uses.
Sunflowers § Sunflower Meal: livestock feed. § Sunflower Oil § Margarine and cooking oil § Diesel fuel in tractors
Specialty Crops Cotton Sugar beets Sugar Cane Tobacco
Cotton § Important southern crop (needs warm temperatures) § We export millions of bales to other countries § “Ginning” is the process of removing the seed, which contains the oil § The seed is then ground up for livestock feed.
Sugar Beets § 35% of refined sugar in U. S. comes from sugar beets
Sugar Cane § 65% of refined sugar § Grown in subtropical climates, Hawaii, Florida, Gulf States
Tobacco § Originally Native American religious rites § Produced in the southeast § Has declined in the U. S. because of known health hazards, but has increased worldwide.