OFFICE OF SCIENCE Overview of Basic Energy Sciences

  • Slides: 24
Download presentation
OFFICE OF SCIENCE Overview of Basic Energy Sciences CFN/NSLS Users Meeting Brookhaven National Laboratory

OFFICE OF SCIENCE Overview of Basic Energy Sciences CFN/NSLS Users Meeting Brookhaven National Laboratory May 19, 2009 Harriet Kung Director, Office of Basic Energy Sciences Office of Science, U. S. Department of Energy

Outline § New Administration & DOE § BES Strategic Planning § BES Budget &

Outline § New Administration & DOE § BES Strategic Planning § BES Budget & Staffing Updates 2

Dep Sectary Daniel Poneman (Nominee) Kristina Johnson (Nominee) EERE Steven Koonin (Nominee) Director of

Dep Sectary Daniel Poneman (Nominee) Kristina Johnson (Nominee) EERE Steven Koonin (Nominee) Director of the Office of Science William Brinkman (Nominee) EM FE BES NE OE RW LM 3

The Administration’s Energy & Environment Plan § Within 10 years save more oil than

The Administration’s Energy & Environment Plan § Within 10 years save more oil than we currently import from the Middle East and Venezuela combined. § Put 1 million plug-in hybrid cars – cars that can get up to 150 miles per gallon – on the road by 2015. § Generate 10 percent of our electricity from renewable sources by 2012, and 25 percent by 2025. § Implement an economy-wide, cap-and-trade program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions 80% by 2050. http: //www. whitehouse. gov/agenda/energy_and_environment/ 4

 DOE’s Priorities and Goals Priority: Science and Discovery: Invest in science to achieve

DOE’s Priorities and Goals Priority: Science and Discovery: Invest in science to achieve transformational discoveries – Organize and focus on breakthrough science – Develop and nurture science and engineering talent – Coordinate DOE work across the department, across the government, and globally Priority: Change the landscape of energy demand supply – Drive energy efficiency to decrease energy use in homes, industry and transportation – Develop and deploy clean, safe, low carbon energy supplies – Enhance DOE’s application areas through collaboration with its strengths in Science Priority: Economic Prosperity: Create millions of green jobs and increase competitiveness – Reduce energy demand – Deploy cost-effective low-carbon clean energy technologies at scale – Promote the development of an efficient, “smart” electricity transmission and distribution network – Enable responsible domestic production of oil and natural gas – Create a green workforce Priority: National Security and Legacy: Maintain nuclear deterrent and prevent proliferation – Strengthen non-proliferation and arms control activities – Ensure that the U. S. weapons stockpile remains safe, secure, and reliable without nuclear testing – Complete legacy environmental clean-up Priority: Climate Change: Position U. S. to lead on climate change policy, 5

Priority: Science and Discovery Invest in science to achieve transformational discoveries § Focus on

Priority: Science and Discovery Invest in science to achieve transformational discoveries § Focus on transformational science – Connect basic and applied sciences – Re-energize the national labs as centers of great science and innovation – Double the Office of Science budget – Embrace a degree of risk-taking in research – Create an effective mechanism to integrate national laboratory, university, and industry activities § Develop science and engineering talent – Train the next generation of scientists and engineers – Attract and retain the most talented researchers § Collaborate universally – Partner globally – Support the developing world – Build research networks across departments, government, nation and the globe 6

Strategic Planning: Ten “Basic Research Needs …” Workshops Basic Research Needs to Assure a

Strategic Planning: Ten “Basic Research Needs …” Workshops Basic Research Needs to Assure a Secure Energy Future (BESAC) § § § Hydrogen Economy Solar Energy Utilization Superconductivity Solid State Lighting Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21 st Century Transportation Fuels § Geosciences: Facilitating 21 st Century Energy Systems § Electrical Energy Storage § Catalysis for Energy Applications § Materials under Extreme Environments 10 workshops; 5 years; more than 1, 500 participants from academia, industry, and D www. science. doe. gov/bes/reports/list. html 7

Directing Matter and Energy: Five Challenges for Science and the Imagination § Control the

Directing Matter and Energy: Five Challenges for Science and the Imagination § Control the quantum behavior of electrons in materials § Synthesize, atom by atom, new forms of matter with tailored properties § Control emergent properties that arise from the complex correlations of atomic and electronic constituents § Synthesize man-made nanoscale objects with capabilities rivaling those of living things § Control matter very far away from equilibrium 8

Basic and Applied R&D Coordination How Nature Works … to … Design and Control

Basic and Applied R&D Coordination How Nature Works … to … Design and Control … to … Technologies for the 21 st Century Grand Challenges Discovery and Use-Inspired Basic Research Applied Research How nature works Materials properties and chemical functionalities by design Technology Maturation & Deployment § Controlling materials § Basic research for § Basic research, often § Research with the goal § Scale-up research processes at the level fundamental new with the goal of of meeting technical § At-scale of quantum behavior of understanding on addressing milestones, with demonstration electrons materials or systems showstoppers on realemphasis on the § Cost reduction that may revolutionize world applications in development, § Atom- and energyor transform today’s the energy performance, cost § Prototyping efficient syntheses of energy technologies reduction, and new forms of matter § Manufacturing R&D durability of materials § Development of new with tailored properties § Deployment support and components or on tools, techniques, and § Emergent properties efficient processes facilities, including from complex those for the § Proof of technology correlations of atomic scattering sciences concepts and electronic and for advanced constituents modeling and § Man-made nanoscale computation objects with capabilities rivaling those of living things BESAC & BES Basic Research Needs Workshops § Controlling matter very far away from equilibrium DOE Technology Office/Industry Roadmaps ESAC Grand Challenges Panel 9

New Science for a Secure and Sustainable Energy Future Goals from the final BESAC

New Science for a Secure and Sustainable Energy Future Goals from the final BESAC Report: § Make fuels from sunlight § Generate electricity without carbon dioxide emissions § Revolutionize energy efficiency and use Recommendations: § Work at the intersection of control science and complex functional materials. § Increase the rate of discoveries. § Establish “dream teams” of talent, equipped with forefront tools, and focused on the most pressing challenges to increase the rate of discovery. § Recruit the best talent through workforce development to inspire today’s students and young researchers to be the discoverers, inventors, and innovators of tomorrow’s energy solutions. 10

Transmissi on& Distribution Conservatio n End-use Efficiency Electric Energy Storage Fuel Switchin g Zero-net-emissions

Transmissi on& Distribution Conservatio n End-use Efficiency Electric Energy Storage Fuel Switchin g Zero-net-emissions Electricity Generation Fuel Switchin CCS g Can Basic Science Help Break Historic Improvement Curves? Climate/Environment Impacts ce: LLNL 2008; data are based on DOE/EIA-0384(2006). Credit should be given to LLNL and DOE.

BESAC Workshop on Solving Science and Energy Grand Challenges with Next Generation Photon Sources

BESAC Workshop on Solving Science and Energy Grand Challenges with Next Generation Photon Sources “Photon Workshop” October 27 - 28, 2008 Wolfgang Eberhardt (BESSY) and Franz Himpsel (U Wisconsin), Co-Chairs Workshop Charge § This workshop will identify connections between major new research opportunities and the capabilities of the next generation of light sources (“photon attributes”, such as coherence and femtosecond time resolution). Particular emphasis will be on energy-related research. The presentations and discussion sessions will highlight how time-resolved excitation, functional imaging, diffraction, and spectroscopy by photons can help solving major problems and develop “killer applications” in basic energy research. A variety of opportunities have been outlined by ten BESAC and BES reports on basic research needs and by a report on five “Grand Challenges” in directing matter and energy (see: http: //www. sc. doe. gov/bes/reports/list. html ). § Both accelerator-based light sources and novel laser based sources for the VUV to X-ray range will be considered. The Photon Workshop will identify the science drivers for new photon sources but will not consider the design of machines or devices for producing the required photons. A strong coupling of theory and experiment will be emphasized. § A matrix will be prepared to define the most compelling connections between research opportunities and photon attributes. For example, many science and energy grand challenges require probing very fast processes that happen over very small distances: femtoseconds over nanometers. Typically, an electron in a solid takes a femtosecond to travel a nanometer, and atoms have a vibrational period of about 100 femtoseconds. Lasers probe femtoseconds and synchrotrons resolve nanometers, but presently neither can do both. § The photon attributes to be considered by the workshop include coherence length (longitudinal and transverse), time structure, energy resolution, spectral brightness (average and peak), flux, spatial and momentum resolution, and polarization. 12

http: //www. sc. doe. gov/bes/reports/files/NGPS_rpt. pdf 13 13

http: //www. sc. doe. gov/bes/reports/files/NGPS_rpt. pdf 13 13

FY 2008 – FY 2009 SC Budget Appropriations & FY 2010 Request FY 2008

FY 2008 – FY 2009 SC Budget Appropriations & FY 2010 Request FY 2008 Current Approp. FY 2009 Current Recovery FY 2010 Congressional Request High Energy Physics 702, 845 795, 726 232, 390 819, 000 23, 274 2. 90 Nuclear Physics 423, 671 512, 080 154, 800 552, 000 39, 920 7. 80 Biological & Environmental Research 531, 063 601, 540 165, 653 604, 182 2, 642 0. 40 1, 252, 756 1, 571, 972 555, 406 1, 685, 500 113, 528 7. 20 Advanced Scientific Computing Research 341, 774 368, 820 157, 110 409, 000 40, 180 10. 90 Fusion Energy Sciences 294, 933 402, 550 91, 023 421, 000 18, 450 4. 60 Science Laboraties Infrastructure 66, 861 145, 380 198, 114 133, 600 -11, 780 -8. 10 Safeguards and Security 75, 946 80, 603 —— 83, 000 2, 397 3. 00 Science Program Direction 177, 779 186, 695 1, 600 213, 722 27, 027 14. 50 8, 044 13, 583 12, 500 20, 678 7, 095 52. 20 Congressionally Directed Projects 120, 161 93, 687 —— —— -93, 687 -100. 00 SBIR/STTR 140, 238 —— 19, 004 —— —— —— 4, 136, 071 4, 772, 636 1, 587, 600 4, 941, 682 169, 046 3. 50 Basic Energy Sciences Workforce Development for Teachers & Scientists Science (Subtotal) FY 2010 vs. FY 2009 $ % 14

Basic Energy Sciences The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 BES will invest

Basic Energy Sciences The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 BES will invest $555. 4 million of the ARRA funding for the following seven activities: § $150. 0 M to accelerate the civilian construction of the National Synchrotron Light Source II (NSLS-II) at Brookhaven National Laboratory; § $14. 7 M to complete the construction of the User Support Building (USB) at the Advanced Light Source (ALS) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; § $33. 6 M to complete the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) Ultrafast Science Instruments (LUSI) MIE project at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory; § $25. 0 M for capital equipment replenishment and augmentation at the five BES Nanoscale Science Research Centers (NSRCs); § $24. 0 M for four synchrotron radiation light sources capital equipments, AIP, other upgrades § $277. 0 M for Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs). 15

FY 2009 BES Budget Omnibus Appropriations Act 2009 § Core research programs §$100 M

FY 2009 BES Budget Omnibus Appropriations Act 2009 § Core research programs §$100 M for Energy Frontier Research Centers §~$55 M for single investigator and small group awards for grand science and energy research (including one-time funding for mid-scale instrumentation and ultrafast science) 34 5 35. 3 MIE GPP §Facility-related research (detectors, optics, etc. ) ~ $10 M SBIR §$17 M for EPSCo. R (vs. request of $8. 24 M) § Scientific user facilities operations MSE Research Light Sources §Full funding for: 339. � Synchrotron light sources 4 CSGB Neutron Research � Neutron scattering facilities Sources � Electron microcharacterization facilities 251. � Nanoscale Science Research Centers 4 101. NSRC § Construction and instrumentation 2 OPC 27 §Full funding for: � National Synchrotron Light Source-II � Linac Coherent Light Source + Linac operations + instruments � Advanced Light Source User Support Building � Spallation Neutron Source instruments Faciliti es 719 Ops Facilities Ops Appropriation $ 1, 572 M MSE Research 273. 3 CSGB Research 239. 5 EFRC 100 SUF Research 20. 4 Construction 145. 5 16

Energy Frontier Research Centers Tackling Our Energy Challenges in a New Era of Science

Energy Frontier Research Centers Tackling Our Energy Challenges in a New Era of Science • To engage the talents of the nation’s researchers for the broad energy sciences • To accelerate the scientific breakthroughs needed to create advanced energy technologies for the 21 st century • To pursue the fundamental understanding necessary to meet the global need for abundant, clean, and economical energy EFRCs will pursue collaborative basic research that addresses both energy challenges and science grand challenges in areas such as: § Solar Energy Utilization Nuclear Waste and CO 2 Storage § Bio-Fuels Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems § Catalysis Materials Under Extreme Environments § Energy Storage Hydrogen 2003 -2007 Conducted BRNs workshops August 2007 Feb. 2008 April 2008 Oct. 2008 started Feb. 2009 signed March 2009 America COMPETES Act signed FY 2009 budget roll-out EFRC FOA issued Received 261 full proposals FY 2009 Continuing Resolution Geosciences for Combustion Superconductivity Solid State Lighting FY 2009 EFRCs Funding Status: Recovery Act (Stimulus Bill) $277 M $100 M Omnibus Appropriations Recovery Act of 2009 (Stimulus) Omnibus Appropriations Act 2009 Total EFRCs = $777 M over 5 years 17

Energy Frontier Research Centers Invest in Cutting-edge Scientific Research to Achieve Transformational Discoveries 46

Energy Frontier Research Centers Invest in Cutting-edge Scientific Research to Achieve Transformational Discoveries 46 centers awarded in FY 2009 for five years Representing 110 participating institutions in 36 states plus D. C. Energy Storage Energy Efficiency 6 6 14 Industry/Nonprofi t 12 12 20 Energy Supply Crosscutting Sciences By Topical Category 31 DOE Labs Universities By Lead Institution 18

Single-Investigator & Small-Group Research Single-Investigator and Small-Group Research (SISGR) will significantly enhance the core

Single-Investigator & Small-Group Research Single-Investigator and Small-Group Research (SISGR) will significantly enhance the core research programs in BES and pursue the fundamental understanding necessary to meet the global need for abundant, clean, and economical energy. Awards are planned for three years, with funding in the range of $150300 K/yr for single-investigator awards and $500 -1500 K/yr for smallgroup awards Areas of interest include: Grand challenge science: ultrafast science; chemical imaging, complex & emergent behavior Use inspired discovery science: basic research for electrical energy storage; advanced nuclear energy systems; solar energy utilization; hydrogen production, storage, and use; geological CO 2 sequestration; other basic research areas identified in BESAC and BES workshop reports with an emphasis on nanoscale phenomena Tools for grand challenge science: midscale instrumentation; accelerator and detector research (exclude capital equipment supports) 19

BES FY 2010 Budget Highlights The FY 2010 BES Budget Request supports President Obama’s

BES FY 2010 Budget Highlights The FY 2010 BES Budget Request supports President Obama’s goals for a clean energy economy, investments in science and technology— including exploratory and high-risk research, and training the next generation of scientists and engineers. Research: § Two Energy Innovation Hubs are initiated in FY 2010 in the topical areas of Fuels from Sunlight, and Batteries and Energy Storage. Each hub will assemble a multidisciplinary team to address the basic science, technology, economic, and policy issues needed to achieve a secure and sustainable energy future. § Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs) initiated in FY 2009 continue in FY 2010. EFRCs integrate the talents and expertise of leading scientists across multiple disciplines to conduct fundamental research to establish the scientific foundation for breakthrough energy technologies. § Core research—primarily supporting single principal investigator and small group projects—will be continued and expanded to initiate promising new activities that respond to the five grand challenges identified in the BESAC Grand Challenges report: quantum control of electrons in atoms, molecules, and materials; basic architecture of matter, directed assemblies, structure, and properties; emergence of collective phenomena; energy and information on the nanoscale; and matter far beyond equilibrium. Facilities: § The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, the world’s first hard x-ray coherent light source, begins operations in FY 2010. The LCLS provides laserlike x-ray radiation that is 10 billion times more intense than any existing coherent x-ray light source and will open new realms of exploration in the chemical, material, and biological sciences. § The National Synchrotron Light Source II at Brookhaven National Laboratory will continue its construction phase, including the largest component of the project—the building that will house 20

FY 2010 BES Budget Request §Core research programs § 2 Energy Innovation Hubs §

FY 2010 BES Budget Request §Core research programs § 2 Energy Innovation Hubs § $100 M for Energy Frontier Research Centers § Core research increases for grand challenge science, accelerator & detector research §Scientific user facilities operations § Synchrotron light sources § Neutron scattering facilities § Nanoscale Science Research Centers 25 Request $ 1, 685 M 5. 5 38. 3 MIE GPP SBIR MSE Research Light Sources 362. 2 CSGB Research Neutron Facilities Ops 277. 4 CSGB Research 249. 7 742. 7 Sources Hub EFRC 68 260. 2 NSRC 106. 8 OPC 13. 5 154. 2 100 Construction 24. 7 SUF Research §Construction and instrumentation § National Synchrotron Light Source-II 21

 BES Budget and Planning Office of Basic Energy Sciences Bob Astheimer, Technical Advisor

BES Budget and Planning Office of Basic Energy Sciences Bob Astheimer, Technical Advisor Margie Davis, Financial Management Vacant, Program Support Specialist Materials Sciences and Engineering Division Linda Horton, Director Ehsan Khan, Program Manager Christie Ashton, Program Analyst Charnice Waters, Secretary Materials Discovery, Design, and Synthesis Arvind Kini Kerry Gorey, P. A. Materials Chemistry Dick Kelley Jim Mc. Breen, BNL Vacant Biomolecular Materials Mike Markowitz Synthesis and Processing Bonnie Gersten Jeff Tsao, SNL Mike Coltrin, SNL Tech. Coordination Program Management John Vetrano Vacant Condensed Matter and Materials Physics Jim Horwitz Marsophia Agnant, P. A. Exp. Cond. Mat. Scattering and Instrumentation Sciences Harriet Kung, Director Wanda Smith, Administrative Specialist Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, and Biosciences Division Pedro Montano, Director Eric Rohlfing, Director Linda Cerrone, Program Support Specialist Rocio Meneses, Program Assistant Diane Marceau, Program Analyst Michaelene Kyler-King, Program Assistant Operations Fundamental Interactions Photo- and Bio. Chemistry Chemical Transformations Michael Casassa Robin Felder, P. A. Rich Greene Sharron Watson, P. A. John Miller Teresa Crockett, P. A. Linac Coherent Light Source Tom Brown Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Sciences Jeff Krause Solar Photochemistry Mark Spitler Catalysis Science Raul Miranda Paul Maupin NSLS II Tom Brown Gas-Phase Chemical Physics Wade Sisk Larry Rahn, SNL Photosynthetic Systems Gail Mc. Lean Spallation Neutron Source Upgrades Tom Brown Condensed-Phase and Interfacial Mol. Science Greg Fiechtner Physical Biosciences Bob Stack TEAM Vacant Computational and Theoretical Chemistry Mark Pederson Construction Helen Kerch Cheryl Howard, P. A. X-ray and Neutron Scattering Facilities Roger Klaffky Vacant Theo. Cond. Mat. Phys. Michael Lee Arun Bansil, NEU Jim Davenport, BNL Kim Ferris, PNNL Neutron Scattering Thiyaga P. Thiyagarajan Nanoscience Centers & E-beam Centers Tof Carim Physical Behavior of Materials Refik Kortan Electron and Scanning Probe Microscopies Jane Zhu Mechanical Behavior and Radiation Effects John Vetrano DOE EPSCo. R* Tim Fitzsimmons Helen Farrell, INL L E G E N D * Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research Detailee (from DOE laboratories) Detailee, ½ time, not at HQ Detailee, ¼ time, not at HQ On detail from SC-2, ½ time IPA (Interagency Personnel Scientific User Facilities Division X-ray Scattering Lane Wilson Phys. Andy Schwartz Doug Finnemore, Ames BES Operations Rich Burrow, DOE Technical Office Coordination Don Freeburn, DOE and Stakeholder Interactions Ken Rivera, Laboratory Infrastructure / ES&H Katie Perine, Program Analyst / BESAC Vacant, Technology Office Coordination Vacant Accelerator and Detector R&D Vacant Facility Coordination, Metrics, Assessment Van Nguyen Instrument MIEs (SING, LUSI, etc. ) Vacant Advanced Light Source User Support Building Tom Brown Heavy Element Chemistry Lester Morss Norm Edelstein, LBNL Separations and Analysis Bill Millman Larry Rahn, SNL Geosciences Nick Woodward Pat Dobson, LBNL Technology Office Coordination Marvin Singer Vacant April 2009 22 Posted 01 APR 09

Linda Announcement 23

Linda Announcement 23

CFN Receives 2008 Secretary’s Achievement Award in Project Management Center for Functional Nanomaterials (Brookhaven

CFN Receives 2008 Secretary’s Achievement Award in Project Management Center for Functional Nanomaterials (Brookhaven National Laboratory) The Center for Functional Nanomaterials is a state-of-the-art 94, 500 gross square feet laboratory and office building designed to serve as the key focal point for nanoscience research in the Northeast. The objective of this project is to provide clean and stable laboratories with an initial suite of world-class instruments to focus on the study and fabrication of nanoscale materials. The Center is a user facility sponsored by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences. It facilitates major new directions in nanomaterials and greatly expands the capabilities available to a national user base including scientists from government, academia, and industry. In addition, it serves to train the next generation of scientists using the latest tools in the forefront of science. 24 24