OCR Cambridge Technicals in Sport (Level 2) d o r t In o t n o i t c u Unit 2 Anatomy and Physiology in Sport
Say Hello to Sam loves participating in all kinds of sports. But how is he able to do this?
The bare bones…. It all starts with the skeleton. Without this Sam wouldn’t be able to stand up, let alone run, kick, swing or take a punch. Sam needs his skeleton for: • • • Protection Movement Shape Support Blood production.
Make your move How are these joints made up and how do they produce The sports that Sam enjoys all movement? involve complex movements which can only be performed because ofisthe jointsto in his What else needed skeleton. produce movement? Pivot Joint Ball-and-Socket Joint Hinge Joint Saddle Joint Ellipsoid Joint Gliding Joint
Sam the golfer When Sam plays golf, which of these muscles are being used? • • Abdominals Deltoids Erector spinae Gastrocnemius Gluteus maximus Obliques Pectorals Trapezius
Sam the footballer When Sam plays football, which of these muscles are being used? • • Abdominals Deltoids Erector spinae Gastrocnemius Gluteus maximus Hamstrings Quadriceps Trapezius
Sam the boxer When Sam boxes, which of these muscles are being used? • • • Abdominals Deltoids Erector spinae Gastrocnemius Gluteus maximus Obliques Pectorals Trapezius Triceps
Is Sam’s heart in it? To fully understand what the heart really does you will need to know the structure of the complete cardiovascular system including: • • Atria Ventricles Valves Septum Arteries Capillaries Veins.
Sam’s respiratory system Sam’s lungs keep his body supplied with oxygen so he can play sports. What are the other associated respiratory structures in Sam’s body? Nasal passage Pharynx Epiglottis Larynx Trachie Bronchioles
What will you learn? • The structure and function of the skeletal system • The structure and function of the muscular system • The structure and function of the cardiovascular system • The structure and function of the respiratory system
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