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Observations and Inferences Using your senses and making sense of your observations
What are Observations? l Observations are made using your senses l Are made during an experiment l Need to be recorded l Observations are FACTUAL
What senses do you use? l Sight l l Sound l l What are you smelling? Taste l l What do you hear? Smell l l What do you see? What does it taste like? Touch l How does it feel?
Examples of Observations The grass is green l The ice took 10 minutes to melt l Water is wet l The apple turned brown l There are bubbles in the liquid l The temperature increased l
Qualitative vs. Quantitative Observations Qualitative use senses to describe something. l Quantitative observations use NUMBERS and or measurements l l The box is 10 cm. long l There are 12 trees in the picture l It took the plant 3 months to sprout
Qualitative vs. Quantitative Observations A Qualitative observation is remarking on the quality of something, as opposed to its quantity. l For example, saying a cloud is grey is a qualitative observation l l saying that you can see three clouds on the horizon is a quantitative observation.
What are Inferences? Are your OPINION l Inferences are a conclusion you come to based on your observations l Are NOT facts l
Examples of Inferences Dogs are cute l The cat is soft l Math is the best subject l Everyone likes pizza l Spiders are scary l
What are Qualitative Observations? Observations that describe what you are observing l Uses adjectives (descriptive words) l Gives you some description l l Helps you visualize what you are observing
Qualitative Observations l The house is green l The tree is tall l The temperature is hot l The ball is round
What are Quantitative Observations? l Observations that have a number with it l Gives you specific details
Quantitative Observations l There are three chairs l The temperature was 90 o l The house had two levels l The girl had 20 pairs of shoes
Watch this!! l Teacher Tube Videos - Observation vs Inference