Objetivo: hablar de la rutina diaria Los verbos reflexivos
Connecting to prior learning �You have already used one reflexive verb in this course. �Remember “Me llamo…” to tell your name? It literally means “I call myself…”. �If you call yourself a particular name it is a reflexive action. �If you call someone on the phone it is not a reflexive action. Me llamo Juan. Mucho gusto.
What is a reflexive verb? �It is a verb indicating that someone does something to themselves. �The subject receives the action of the verb. �Example of a reflexive verb in English. �Juan shaves himself.
La práctica Is this a reflexive action? �No, he is washing the clothing.
La práctica Is this a reflexive action? �Yes, someone is washing his or her own hands.
La práctica Is this a reflexive action? �No, the vet is combing the dog.
La práctica Is this a reflexive action? �No, someone else is shaving the man.
La práctica Are these reflexive actions? �Yes, she is combing her own hair and looking at herself in the mirror.
La práctica Click for the answer. Is this a reflexive action? �No, the dad is bathing the baby because he is too little to bathe himself.
La práctica Right arrow for the answer. Is this a reflexive action? �Yes, he is shaving himself.
How is a reflexive infinitive verb different than a regular infinitive verb? � Regular infinitive verbs end in either –ar, -er or –ir. � A reflexive infinitive verb ends in –ar, -er or –ir –but also has –se at the end. � An example of a reflexive infinitive verb is “maquillarse”-to put make on oneself Objective…talking about daily present activities
Objective…talking about daily present activities Here are some common reflexive verbs. acostarse (ue) to go to bed, to put oneself to bed afeitarse o rasurarse to shave oneself bañarse to bathe oneself despertarse (ie) to wake up, wake oneself up levantarse to get up (literally lift oneself) lavarse to wash oneself ducharse to shower oneself cepillarse o lavarse los dientes to brush one’s teeth maquillarse to put on makeup on oneself peinarse to comb one’s hair
The Spanish reflexive pronouns appear below in blue. myself = me ourselves = nos yourself = te yourselves = os yourself = se himself = se herself = se yourselves = se themselves = se
Reflexive pronouns correspond to the subject pronouns. �Each reflexive pronoun on the right corresponds by color and position with the subject pronouns on the left. yo nosotros me nos tú vosotros te os él ella Ud. ellos ellas Uds. se se
To conjugate one refelexive verb in a sentence follow these steps. 1. ) Ignore the “se” or in your head take the “se” off of the verb. Llamarse goes to llamar 2. ) find the subject (who is doing the action). Yo 3. ) find the refelexive pronoun to match the subject me 4. ) conjugate your verb as you usually do *Take off the last 2 letters and then add the appropriate ending. llamo 5. ) Put it together. (Yo) Me llamo.
Objective…talking about daily present activities Example in Spanish of reflexive with one verb. �Samuel se baña. �Samuel bathes himself.
Practice with one reflexive verb. Conjugate the reflexive verbs on the next slide to the present tense.
Objective…present daily activities Conjugate the verbs in the present tense. 1. ) ellos: lavarse 2. ) yo: afeitarse 3. ) nosotros: acostarse 4. ) tú: bañarse 5. ) Uds. : levantarse 6. ) él: lavarse 7. ) ella y yo: peinarse 8. ) ellas: maqillarse se lavan me afeito nos acostamos te bañas se levantan se lava nos peinamos se maquillan
Connecting to prior learning Reviewing double verb sentences �You conjugate the first verb and leave the second verb in the infinitive form (ends with the letter -r) when two verbs are immediately back to back. �Ejemplo…Quiero �(I want to do the hacer la tarea. homework. )
Some common double verb sentences are… �ir+a+infinitivo *going to do… �pensar+infintivo *to intend, plan to do… �necesitar+infinitivo *to need to do… �querer+infinitivo *to want to do… �deber+infinitivo *should do… �tener+que+infinitivo *have to do…
Reflexive verbs with two verbs in the sentence. �The first verb is conjugated according to the subject. �The second verb is left in the infinitive form. �Choose the reflexive pronoun according to the subject. If there are two verbs there are two places to put the reflexive pronoun. 1. ) before the conjugated verb 2. ) immediately attached to the infinitive verb.
Example of reflexive pronoun with double verb sentence. �Me voy a cepillar después de comer. �Voy a cepillarme después de comer. *Notice the possible positions of the blue reflexive pronoun. 1. ) before the conjugated verb 2. ) immediately attached to the infinitive verb.
Practice with two reflexive verbs. Translate the sentences using both reflexive pronoun positions and a double verb sentence in the present tense.
Objective…talking about daily present activities I need to wash my hands.
Objective…talking about daily present activities (Yo)Me necesito lavar las manos. (Yo)Necesito lavarme las manos.
Objective…talking about daily present activities �He is going to shower.
Objective…talking about daily present activities �(Él) Se va a duchar. �(Él)Va a ducharse.
Repaso (Review) Answer the questions in English. �When are �Where do reflexive verbs used? reflexive pronouns go if there is one verb? �What two places can reflexive pronouns go if there is a double verb sentence? �If there are two verbs, which verb is conjugated? (1 st or 2 nd) Which is in the infinitive form? (1 st or 2 nd)
Respuestas del repaso (Review answers) � When are reflexive verbs used? When someone does something to themselves or when the subject receives the action of the verb. � Where do reflexive pronouns go if there is one verb? Before the conjugated verb. � What two places can reflexive pronouns go if there is a double verb sentence? Before the conjugated verb or attached to the infinitive verb. � If there are two verbs, which verb is conjugated? (1 st or 2 nd) Which is in the infinitive form? (1 st or 2 nd)?