- Slides: 14
Objects and their Pronouns
Direct Objects • Direct objects receive the action of the verb and answer the questions who or what (plus the verb)? • Rodrigo drives an SUV. What does Rodrigo drive? • Silvio loves jalapeños. What does Silvio love?
Direct Objects • We can replace the direct objects with direct object pronouns. In English we usually use it or them for items and subject pronouns for people. • Silvio loves jalapeños. Silvio loves them. • Rodrigo drives an SUV. Rodrigo drives it. • We love John and Joan. We love them! They are so funny!
Direct Objects. • The same goes for Spanish. Direct objects still receive the action of the verb and answer the questions who or what. • Carla come tacos. ¿Qué come Carla? • Antonio compró un coche nuevo. ¿Qué compró Antonio?
Direct Object Pronouns • Just like in English, we can replace the direct objects with direct object pronouns. • Carla come tacos. Carla los come. • Antonio compró un coche nuevo. Antonio lo compró. • We place the pronoun in front of the conjugated verb.
The DOP’S • Here is the list of all possible DOP’s: Me Nos Te Lo, La Los, Las
Indirect Objects • Indirect objects usually stand for people who receive the direct object or experience the action of the verb. Indirect objects answer the questions to whom or for whom plus the verb phrase. • Gina writes letters to her Grandma. To whom does Gina write letters? • Tommy drives a truck for UPS. For whom does Tommy drive a truck?
Indirect Objects • It’s the same en español: • Gina escribe cartas a su abuela. ¿A quién escribe cartas Gina? • Tommy maneja un coche para UPS. ¿Para quién maneja un coche?
Indirect Objects Just like direct objects, indirect objects can be replaced by pronouns. Gina escribe cartas a su abuela. Gina le escribe cartas. Notice that the pronoun again comes before the conjugated verb!
Redundancy • There is an element of repetition with indirect objects in Spanish. One would normally hear this: • Gina le escribe cartas a su abuela. • What is the repetition?
The IOP’s • Here is a list of the indirect object pronouns: me nos te le les
Double Object Pronouns • A lot of times we have both direct and indirect objects in the same sentence. • I give presents to you for your birthday. • Gina writes letters to her grandma. We can still use pronouns! I gave you them last year too! Gina writes them to her.
En español • Doy regalos a ti. • Gina escribe cartas a su abuela. • Replace both the direct and indirect object pronouns. We use ID for order. ID=Indirect/Direct • Te los doy.
Double Object Pronouns • In Spanish we cannot have two “L” pronouns next to each other. It just sounds strange! For example: • Gina escribe cartas a su abuela. • Cartas= las abuela= le • Gina le las escribe. Sounds strange! Use se instead of le in these cases! • Gina se las escribe.