OAS Secretariat for Multidimensional Security CICTE Secretariat Disasters

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OAS Secretariat for Multidimensional Security CICTE Secretariat Disasters and Critical Infrastructure Protection

OAS Secretariat for Multidimensional Security CICTE Secretariat Disasters and Critical Infrastructure Protection

Agenda • Cyber Security program – Cyber study and conclusions – Initiatives • •

Agenda • Cyber Security program – Cyber study and conclusions – Initiatives • • • Emerging Threats program Maritime Security program Tourism Security Possible future initiatives Collaboration and partnerships www. oas. org/cyber/

www. oas. org/cyber/

www. oas. org/cyber/

Some findings • Increased and attacks to critical infrastructure facilities • Honeypot attacks rampant

Some findings • Increased and attacks to critical infrastructure facilities • Honeypot attacks rampant • Threats show that attackers are there, inside infrastructures • During a disaster, this could be leveraged to create chaos www. oas. org/cyber/

Initiatives: Cyber Security CMEs • Crisis management exercises; focus on critical infrastructure and “cyber

Initiatives: Cyber Security CMEs • Crisis management exercises; focus on critical infrastructure and “cyber disasters” • Includes financial sector, transportation, press, energy sector, etc. • Carried out in Argentina, Colombia, Guatemala, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad, and Uruguay, Washington DC www. oas. org/cyber/

Initiatives: Cyber Security CIP Workshops • Held in Colombia (2012); Argentina (2013); Mexico (2014)

Initiatives: Cyber Security CIP Workshops • Held in Colombia (2012); Argentina (2013); Mexico (2014) • Goal 1: Strengthen understanding of managerial officials at critical infrastructures of threats and mitigation strategies • Goal 2: Teach technicians and security engineers techniques to protection critical networks in the event of a national disaster www. oas. org/cyber/

Emerging Threats/Maritime Security • Tabletop CM exercises (TTX): designed to promote preparedness for natural

Emerging Threats/Maritime Security • Tabletop CM exercises (TTX): designed to promote preparedness for natural or man-made disasters • Based on a bio-incident scenario which takes place at an airport. Three Stages. Debriefs include recommendations for strengthening CIP and resilience • Partners: PAHO; Interpol; UN; US DHHS; FEMA; CDC • TTXs for Ports: discuss vulnerabilities; responsibilities; Coordination: Who is in charge of what; up to when? • Contingency planning, consequence management in six stages: Prevention, Preparedness, Mitigation, Response, Recovery, Resilience (Israel) www. oas. org/cyber/

Tourism • Tourism as critical infrastructure: as much as 65% of GDP in Caribbean;

Tourism • Tourism as critical infrastructure: as much as 65% of GDP in Caribbean; 163 million tourists in the Americas in 2012; worth more than $200 billion; main pillar of economy in many Member States • Requires that water and food supply, transportation, communications, health, and other infrastructures are operating to acceptable norms • Declaration of San Salvador for Sustainable Tourism Development in the Americas (2011). Multidimensional approach to reduce risks associated with natural and man-made disasters www. oas. org/cyber/

Tourism security - programming • TTXs test crisis management capabilities in response to man-made

Tourism security - programming • TTXs test crisis management capabilities in response to man-made or natural disasters that affect the tourism industry and associated infrastructures • Important aspect of dealing with these disasters: crisis communication • Partner closely with other orgs like PAHO, the Caribbean Disaster Management Agency (CDEMA) and private sector entities www. oas. org/cyber/

Possible future initiatives 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Development of Disaster Recovery Management Plans:

Possible future initiatives 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Development of Disaster Recovery Management Plans: Focus on multi-stakeholder approach including Critical Infrastructure operators and responders to man-made and natural disasters Technical assistance to list critical infrastructure assets to evaluate vulnerabilities, interdependencies and gaps, to prepare and implement risk-based security and resilience programs Development of legislation specific to critical infrastructure protection TTX in Bahamas New Work Plan to be developed for cooperation with Israel www. oas. org/cyber/

www. oas. org/cyber/

www. oas. org/cyber/

www. oas. org/cyber/

www. oas. org/cyber/

Thank you! Pablo Martinez Programs Coordinator Inter-American Committee against Terrorism Secretariat for Multidimensional Security

Thank you! Pablo Martinez Programs Coordinator Inter-American Committee against Terrorism Secretariat for Multidimensional Security Organization of American States www. oas. org/cyber/ 1889 F St. , NW— 8 th Floor Washington D. C. T: (202) 370 -4972 F: (202) 458 -3857 [email protected] org www. oas. org/cyber/