Nutrition Table of Contents TABLE OF CONTENTS Nutrition

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Nutrition Table of Contents

Nutrition Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS Nutrition Lessons 1. Nutrients Go 2. Food Groups Go 3. Diets

TABLE OF CONTENTS Nutrition Lessons 1. Nutrients Go 2. Food Groups Go 3. Diets Go Table of Contents

Lesson 1– Nutrients Nutrition refers to all of the body’s functions that are related

Lesson 1– Nutrients Nutrition refers to all of the body’s functions that are related to food. Nutrients are the chemicals in food that the body needs. ▫ ▫ ▫ Carbohydrates Lipids Proteins Vitamins Minerals Water Table of Contents

Lesson 1– Carbohydrates are the body’s main source of energy. Simple carbohydrates are sugars.

Lesson 1– Carbohydrates are the body’s main source of energy. Simple carbohydrates are sugars. Eating items packed with simple carbohydrates is not good because they are usually high in calories and low in other nutrients. Complex carbohydrates are starches. A healthy diet typically includes a large amount of starches because such foods are typically high in other nutrients. Table of Contents

Lesson 1– Lipids Lipids, also known as fats, are important because they enable the

Lesson 1– Lipids Lipids, also known as fats, are important because they enable the body to grow and give it energy. Saturated fats are solid at room temperature. Trans fats are also solid at room temperature, but they are formed when liquid oil is made into solid fat. Unsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature. Cholesterol is a fat-like substance that the body needs. Table of Contents

Lesson 1– Protein The body uses proteins to build, maintain, and repair cells. Proteins

Lesson 1– Protein The body uses proteins to build, maintain, and repair cells. Proteins also give the body energy. Complete proteins contain all of the building blocks the body needs to use them. Incomplete proteins lack one or more of the building blocks the body needs to use them. Table of Contents

Lesson 1– Vitamins help the body function properly. They also build, maintain, and repair

Lesson 1– Vitamins help the body function properly. They also build, maintain, and repair cells. Fat-soluble vitamins mix with fat and can be stored in the body. These vitamins are A, D, E, and K. Water-soluble vitamins mix with water and cannot be stored in the body. These vitamins are vitamin C and the B vitamins, which include B 6, B 12, thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin. Table of Contents

Lesson 1– Minerals help the body function properly. They also build, maintain, and repair

Lesson 1– Minerals help the body function properly. They also build, maintain, and repair cells. Some minerals are calcium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, sodium, and magnesium. Table of Contents

Lesson 1– Water is a nutrient that is essential for life. Water: ▫ Carries

Lesson 1– Water is a nutrient that is essential for life. Water: ▫ Carries nutrients to cells ▫ Carries wastes from cells ▫ Helps the body function properly People should drink six to eight glasses of water a day. Table of Contents

Lesson 1– Fiber Although fiber is not actually a nutrient, it is another important

Lesson 1– Fiber Although fiber is not actually a nutrient, it is another important part of a healthy diet. Fiber is a mixture of plant materials that remains undigested and is not absorbed by the body. Fiber helps the digestive system work well and helps to lower cholesterol. Table of Contents

Lesson 2– Grains Five food groups: ◦ ◦ ◦ Grains Vegetables Fruits Milk (dairy)

Lesson 2– Grains Five food groups: ◦ ◦ ◦ Grains Vegetables Fruits Milk (dairy) Meat and beans (protein) Table of Contents

Lesson 2– Grains A grain is any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal,

Lesson 2– Grains A grain is any food made from wheat, rice, oats, cornmeal, barley, rye, etc. Whole grains contain the entire grain kernel. Refined grains are milled and do not contain the entire grain kernel. At least half of the grains people eat should be whole grains. Foods from the Grain group provide carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Table of Contents

Lesson 2– Vegetables are organized into five subgroups, based on their nutrient content: ▫

Lesson 2– Vegetables are organized into five subgroups, based on their nutrient content: ▫ ▫ ▫ Dark green Orange Dry beans and peas Starchy Other Foods from the Vegetable group provide carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Table of Contents

Lesson 2– Fruits People should eat a variety of fruits. They should also consume

Lesson 2– Fruits People should eat a variety of fruits. They should also consume more solid fruit than fruit juice because solid fruit has fiber. Foods from the Fruit group provide carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and fiber. Table of Contents

Lesson 2– Milk Fluid milk products are part of the Milk group. Foods made

Lesson 2– Milk Fluid milk products are part of the Milk group. Foods made from milk that retain their calcium content are also part of this group. Most of the choices people make in the Milk group should be fat-free or low-fat. Foods from the Milk group provide protein, vitamins, and minerals. Table of Contents

Lesson 2– Meat and Beans All foods made from meat, poultry, fish, dry beans

Lesson 2– Meat and Beans All foods made from meat, poultry, fish, dry beans or peas, eggs, nuts, and seeds are part of the Meat and Beans group. Most of the meat and poultry choices people make should be lean or low-fat. Foods should baked, broiled, or grilled instead of fried. Foods from the Meat and Beans group provide protein, vitamins, and minerals. Table of Contents

Lesson 2– Oils are fats that are liquid at room temperature. Oils come from

Lesson 2– Oils are fats that are liquid at room temperature. Oils come from many different plants and fish. Most oils are low in saturated fats, and oils from plants have no cholesterol. Solid fats are fats that are solid at room temperature. Solid fats from animal foods are high in saturated fats and cholesterol. Table of Contents

Lesson 2– Sugar and Salt People should use sugar in moderation. Sugary foods are

Lesson 2– Sugar and Salt People should use sugar in moderation. Sugary foods are usually high in calories and low in other nutrients. People should also limit their salt intake. Too much salt in the diet can contribute to heart disease and high blood pressure. Table of Contents

Lesson 3– Diets www. choosemyplate. gov Reminder to eat healthfully Eat more nutritious foods

Lesson 3– Diets www. choosemyplate. gov Reminder to eat healthfully Eat more nutritious foods and less of foods high in solid fat, added sugar, and sodium. Table of Contents

Lesson 3–Diets A therapeutic diet is a modification of a normal diet for health

Lesson 3–Diets A therapeutic diet is a modification of a normal diet for health reasons. Examples: ▫ ▫ ▫ ▫ Clear liquid diet Full liquid diet Soft food diet Bland food diet Low-residue diet Low-sodium diet Low-protein diet Table of Contents