Nutrition Labelling and Weight Maintenance Weight Maintenance The

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Nutrition Labelling and Weight Maintenance

Nutrition Labelling and Weight Maintenance

Weight Maintenance The balance of energy intake and energy output so that we are

Weight Maintenance The balance of energy intake and energy output so that we are neither overweight nor underweight. Benefits: n Reduce the risk of developing a number of chronic diseases, such as diabetes and heart diseases n 2

Energy Intake and Energy Output n Energy intake – The energy we get from

Energy Intake and Energy Output n Energy intake – The energy we get from eating foods and drinks n Energy output – The energy required for body functions and physical activities 3

The Relationship Between Energy and Body Weight n Sources of energy: ¡ 1 g

The Relationship Between Energy and Body Weight n Sources of energy: ¡ 1 g fat = 9 kilocalories ¡ 1 g protein = 4 kilocalories ¡ 1 g carbohydrates = 4 kilocalories ¡ *1 kilocalorie (kcal) = 1 Cal ≈ 4. 2 kilojoules (k. J) n Unused energy will be stored as fat in the body 4

Weight Reduction / Maintenance n n n Should not just focus on fat intake

Weight Reduction / Maintenance n n n Should not just focus on fat intake when thinking about weight reduction or maintenance Reduce sugars intake as sugars being “emptycalorie”, i. e. providing energy but no other nutritional value. For weight reduction or maintenance, most important is: ¡ To reduce energy intake (i. e. cutting energy intake, not just cutting fat and sugars intake) ¡ Increase the activity levels (e. g. exercise, sports) 5

Weight Maintenance and Nutrition Labelling n Using nutrition label can help us to find

Weight Maintenance and Nutrition Labelling n Using nutrition label can help us to find out and calculate energy intake 6

Read and Use Nutrition Labels

Read and Use Nutrition Labels

Examples of Recommended Format of Nutrition Label Tabular format 1 7 8

Examples of Recommended Format of Nutrition Label Tabular format 1 7 8

Examples of Recommended Format of Nutrition Label Linear format (for small packages with total

Examples of Recommended Format of Nutrition Label Linear format (for small packages with total surface area of less than 200 cm 2) 9

Required Nutrients on Nutrition Labels n 1+7 (energy plus seven nutrients specified for labelling)

Required Nutrients on Nutrition Labels n 1+7 (energy plus seven nutrients specified for labelling) – i. e. energy, protein, total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, carbohydrates, sugars and sodium. n Nutrient(s) involved in nutrition claim(s) (when the nutrition claim is on any type of fat, the amount of cholesterol must be declared as well). n For other nutrients, declaration is voluntary 10

Making Use of Nutrition Label Consumers can: n Compare the nutritional content among different

Making Use of Nutrition Label Consumers can: n Compare the nutritional content among different foods for a healthier choice, e. g. choose food that is lower in fat, sodium (or salt) and sugars n Understand the nutritional content of food and estimate their contribution to the overall diet n To meet individual’s dietary needs 11

Three Simple Steps to Read Nutrition Label

Three Simple Steps to Read Nutrition Label

Three Simple Steps to Read Nutrition Label Step 1 n Take note of the

Three Simple Steps to Read Nutrition Label Step 1 n Take note of the reference amount of food being used in the nutrition label Step 2 n Read the energy and nutrient content together with the reference amount Step 3 n Refer to the percentage Nutrient Reference Value (%NRV), if available, to see if the food contains a lot or a little of energy or a nutrient in the food 13

Step 1: Take note of the reference amount of food being used in the

Step 1: Take note of the reference amount of food being used in the nutrition label n Expressed as per 100 g (or per 100 m. L) of food 14

Step 1: Take note of the reference amount of food being used in the

Step 1: Take note of the reference amount of food being used in the nutrition label n Expressed as per serving (the serving size (in g or m. L) and the no. of servings must be specified on the package) 15

Step 1: Take note of the reference amount of food being used in the

Step 1: Take note of the reference amount of food being used in the nutrition label n Expressed as per package (if the package contains only a single serving ) 16

Step 2: Read the energy and nutrient content together with the reference amount A)

Step 2: Read the energy and nutrient content together with the reference amount A) Use nutrition label to compare between products B) Use nutrition label to calculate the amount of energy and nutrients you get from food 17

Step 2 A: Use nutrition label to compare between products n Products with nutritional

Step 2 A: Use nutrition label to compare between products n Products with nutritional content expresssed in the SAME reference amount (Partial) Nutrition label of Brand A biscuit (Partial) Nutrition label of Brand C biscuit If reference amount is the SAME, you CAN COMPARE between the products DIRECTLY 18

Step 2 A: Use nutrition label to compare between products n Products with nutritional

Step 2 A: Use nutrition label to compare between products n Products with nutritional content expresssed in DIFFERENT reference amounts (Partial) Nutrition label of Brand A biscuit (Partial) Nutrition label of Brand D biscuit If reference amounts are DIFFERENT, you CANNOT COMPARE between the products DIRECTLY 19

Step 2 A: Use nutrition label to compare between products n Products with nutritional

Step 2 A: Use nutrition label to compare between products n Products with nutritional content expresssed in DIFFERENT reference amounts 20

Step 2 B: Use nutrition label to calculate the amount of energy and nutrients

Step 2 B: Use nutrition label to calculate the amount of energy and nutrients you get from food n The more you eat, the more you get ¡ If you eat 1 serving of biscuit n Get 8 g of fat, 3. 5 g of saturated fat ¡ If you eat 2 servings of biscuit n Get 16 g of fat, 7 g of saturated fat 21

Step 2 B: Use nutrition label to calculate the amount of energy and nutrients

Step 2 B: Use nutrition label to calculate the amount of energy and nutrients you get from food n Energy and nutrient content expressed as per 100 g/m. L 22

Step 3: Refer to the percentage Nutrient Reference Value (%NRV), if available, to see

Step 3: Refer to the percentage Nutrient Reference Value (%NRV), if available, to see if the food contains a lot or a little of energy or a nutrient in the food n %NRV is usually on a scale from 0% to 100%. 23

Step 3: Refer to the percentage Nutrient Reference Value (%NRV), if available, to see

Step 3: Refer to the percentage Nutrient Reference Value (%NRV), if available, to see if the food contains a lot or a little of energy or a nutrient in the food n n For nutrients that needed to limit their intake ¡ E. g. total fat, saturated fat, sodium and sugars ¡ Look for foods that have lower %NRV Get enough of nutrients that are good for health ¡ E. g. dietary fibre ¡ Look for foods that have higher %NRV 24

Use Nutrition Label to Choose Healthy Food

Use Nutrition Label to Choose Healthy Food

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Principles of Healthy Eating n Choose a variety of food and eat cereals as

Principles of Healthy Eating n Choose a variety of food and eat cereals as the largest portion of food in every meal. n Eat a lot of vegetables and fruit. n Reduce the consumption of foodstuffs with high salt, fat and sugar content as well as those which are preserved. n A daily fluid intake of 6 to 8 glasses (including clear soup, fruit juice and tea). n Take meals regularly and in adequate amounts. (Source of information: Department of Health) 27

Nutrition Labelling is a Useful Tool for Practising Healthy Eating n Nutrition label and

Nutrition Labelling is a Useful Tool for Practising Healthy Eating n Nutrition label and nutrition claim can help consumers choose healthier food in accordance with healthy eating principles and the Food Pyramid, e. g. ¡ Choose biscuits lower in fat and sodium (or salt) ¡ Choose dairy products lower in fat ¡ Choose beverages lower in sugars 28

How to Choose Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars

How to Choose Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars n Cut down on foods

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars n Cut down on foods that are high in energy, fat and/or sugars n Look for a lower fat version of a food item ¡ n Fat provides the largest amount of energy amongst all nutrients, cutting one gram of fat intake means subtracting 9 kcal from a diet. Reduce sugars intake as sugars being “empty-calorie”, i. e. providing energy but no other nutritional value. 30

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars 1. Take note of relevant

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars 1. Take note of relevant nutrition claim as a quick screening tool; and 2. Take three simple steps to read nutrition label 31

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars n Focus more on energy

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars n Focus more on energy claims as claims on fat and/or sugars may not be good indicators of the energy content of the products n Nutrition claim only gives a rough idea about the content of a particular nutrient, one should not make a food choice solely on the basis of a nutrition claim. In order to eat healthily, we should take note of other nutrients as well. For example, when buying a product with a “low sugars” claim, one should take note of the content of fat and other nutrients. 32

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars Nutrient content claims in relation

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars Nutrient content claims in relation to energy, fat and sugars are classified into “Free” and “Low” claims. Specific Conditions of Nutrient Content Claims - Claim: Free; No; Zero; Without; Does not contain Claim: Low; Little; Low source; Few; Contains a small amount of Meaning of Claim : Insignificant amount of a particular nutrient found in the food Meaning of Claim : A small amount of nutrient found in the food Example: Energy free (Contain not more than 4 kcal (17 k. J) per 100 m. L of food) Example: Low sugars (Contain not more than 5 g of sugars per 100 g/m. L of food) 33

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars Three Simple Steps to Read

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars Three Simple Steps to Read Nutrition Label Step 1 n Take note of the reference amount of food being used in the nutrition label Step 2 n Read and compare the nutritional content Step 3 n Refer to the percentage Nutrient Reference Value (%NRV) (If available) 34

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars (Example 1) Milk Beverage A

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars (Example 1) Milk Beverage A Milk Beverage B 35

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars (Example 2) Corn Flakes D

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars (Example 2) Corn Flakes D Corn Flakes C 36

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars (Example 3) Soup E Soup

Choosing Prepackaged Foods Lower in Energy, Fat and Sugars (Example 3) Soup E Soup F 37

ENDS

ENDS