- Slides: 10
Nutrients In Food
Nutrient § Nutrient- a substance found in food that keeps your body in good working order. § SIX NUTRIENTS: § Carbohydrates § Proteins § Fats § Vitamins § Minerals § Water
Carbohydrates § FUNCTION: Provides energy § 2 Types: § Simple- Sugar (candy, soft drinks, fruits) § Complex- Starch (bread, cereals, potatoes)
Protein § FUNCTION: Build, maintain, and repair body tissues (muscles). § TYPES: § Complete § Incomplete
Protein § Complete- food from animal source that has all 9 essential amino acids. § EX: meat, poultry, milk, eggs, tofu § Incomplete- lacks one or more of the 9 essential amino acids. § EX: plant foods- grains, dry beans, peas, nuts, vegetables.
Fats § A small amount of fat is vital for good health. § Fats Function: § Regulate body temperature § Cushion vital organs § Provide a substance needed for normal growth and healthy skin § Energy / stored energy
Fats § 3 Types: § Saturated- solid at room temperature; used sparingly; raises harmful cholesterol levels § Trans- liquid oil is turned into a solid; function like saturated fats; raise cholesterol. § Unsaturated- liquid at room temperature; help lower cholesterol level; § Omega-3: good for your heart
Vitamins § FUNCTION: Jump start chemical reactions in your body’s cells. § Types: § Fat-Soluble: absorbed with the help of fat. Can be stored in your body. § A, D, E, K § Water-Soluble: dissolve in water and pass out of the body as waste. § B, Folate, C, K
Minerals § FUNCTIONS: § Essential part of your bones, teeth, and internal organs. § Help regulate body functions. § TYPES: § Calcium- mineral that helps develop strong bones and teeth. § Milk, dairy products § Iron- helps red blood cells carry oxygen § Meat, animal sources, nuts
Water § FUNCTIONS: § Regulates body functions § Carry other nutrients to your cells § Helps carry waste from your body § Average person needs 8 to 12 glasses each day.