- Slides: 9
Nullification Crisis STATE RIGHTS VS FEDERAL AUTHORITY
First-tariffs of Abominations �Congress placed high tariffs on imports’ �Southerners angry over tariffs �Called it �Tariffs of Abominations �MEANS a hateful thing
Nullification Crises �Calhoun did support a strong central government but…. . �When Congress passed the tariffs of Abominations he protested it along with other Southerners �Previous tariffs and economic depression had severely damaged South Carolinas economy �In response he drafted South Carolina Exposition and Protest �Wanted to advance states rights which means since the states had formed the National Government states power should be greater than federal power
Nullification continued �He believed that states had the right to nullify or reject any federal law that states thought were unconstitutional �Theory controversial �One person from northern states claimed that the people and not the states made up the union �Conflict deepened �Dispute became known as the nullification crisis
Nullification-Jacksons Views �Jackson disagreed with Calhoun’s reasoning �He feared that nullification would destroy the Union.
Haynes – Webster Debate �Many of the earlier supporters of states rights were Jefferson and Madison. �Calhoun’s theory went further �Stated states could judge whether a law was or was not constitutional �Debated intensely on the floor of the Senate �Haynes (of S. C. )said that states rights were a lawful way to protest against the Federal Gov. �Daniel Webster believed that one nation, not a pact among independent states �He believed that the welfare of the nation should override that of individual states.
How did Jackson Respond? �Jackson opposed nullification �Concerned about economic problems in South �Asked Congress to pass another tariff lowering the rate �South Carolina thought this was inadequate �They decided to test the doctrine of states’ rights
South Carolina Response �South Carolina passed the Nullification Act �They declared that they would not pay illegal tariffs. �State threatened to secede (break away) from the union if Federal Gov. interfered. �Jackson Asked Congress to pass the Force Bill giving him power to use military force to enforce the law �So. Carolina accepted new tariff but nullified the Force bill
Answer the following on the back of sheet � 1) Do you think that South Carolina had a right to pass a law to nullify a federal Law? Why or Why Not? � 2) Do you think Pres. Jackson was right on his response to South Carolina? Why or Why Not?