Nov 2019 doc IEEE 802 11 192032 r

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Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 On Unintentional Beamforming Date:

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 On Unintentional Beamforming Date: 2019 -11 -1317 -12 -14 Authors: Name Affiliations Address Qinghua Li Feng Jiang Intel Jonathan Segev Phone email Santa Clara 12 3600 Juliette Lane Santa Clara, CA 95054 USA Qinghua. [email protected] com Feng 1. [email protected] com Jonathan. [email protected] com Assaf Gurevitz Robert Stacy Submission Slide 1 Q. Li, F. Jiang, et al. , (Intel)

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Abstract Contribution, IEEE 802.

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Abstract Contribution, IEEE 802. 11 -19/1572 r 4, discussed a potential problem due to unintentional beamforming in 11 az secure ranging. This contribution depicts a solution, which can be implementation specific Submission Slide 2 Q. Li, F. Jiang, et al. , (Intel)

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Problem Statement (1/2) TX

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Problem Statement (1/2) TX antenna 1 … HESTF Signal 1 - Signal 2 Signal 3 - Signal 4 TX antenna 2 … HESTF Signal 1 Signal 2 Signal 3 Signal 4 NSTS = 2 , LTFREP = 2 • The signals sent by antennas 1 and 2 are the same except the global phases may be different • The received signals may superimpose each other constructively and destructively Submission Slide 3 Q. Li, F. Jiang, et al. , (Intel)

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Problem Statement (2/2) TX

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Problem Statement (2/2) TX antenna 1 … HESTF Signal 1 - Signal 2 Signal 3 - Signal 4 TX antenna 2 … HESTF Signal 1 Signal 2 Signal 3 Signal 4 9. 6 us RX RSSI Zero GI Constructive interference Destructive interference Unintentional beamforming may cause received signal level stays low for 9. 6 us Submission Slide 4 Q. Li, F. Jiang, et al. , (Intel)

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Solution ‒ Adding Delayed

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Solution ‒ Adding Delayed Signal (1/2) TX antenna 1 TX antenna 2 β • HESTF Signal 1 - Signal 2 Signal 3 - Signal 4 HESTF Signal 1 Signal 2 Signal 3 Signal 4 HESTF’ Signal 1’ Signal 2’ Signal 3’ Signal 4’ TX power splitting and random phase rotation Submission Linear or CSD shifts Slide 5 Q. Li, F. Jiang, et al. , (Intel)

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Solution ‒ Adding Delayed

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Solution ‒ Adding Delayed Signal (2/2) Multipaths for TX antenna 1 Delay To. A Multipaths for TX antenna 2 β Delay Multipaths for TX signal delayed Multipaths for TX signal not delayed Since the delayed transmission only introduces multipaths after the first channel arrival, it doesn’t affect the To. A estimation Submission Slide 6 Q. Li, F. Jiang, et al. , (Intel)

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Example Assuming two antennas

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Example Assuming two antennas have the same channel response i. e. 1 TX antenna 2 1 • β • HESTF Signal 1 - Signal 2 Signal 3 - Signal 4 HESTF Signal 1 Signal 2 Signal 3 Signal 4 HESTF Signal 1’ Signal 2’ Signal 3’ Signal 4’ RX RSSI Submission Slide 7 Q. Li, F. Jiang, et al. , (Intel)

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Stabilized Received Power Assuming

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Stabilized Received Power Assuming two antennas have the same channel response i. e. 1 Sounding Power Loss (+2. 3, -5. 3) d. B 1. 2 d. B (+2. 6, -7. 4) d. B 0. 8 d. B RX RSSI Submission Slide 8 Q. Li, F. Jiang, et al. , (Intel)

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Conclusions • The current

Nov 2019 doc. : IEEE 802. 11 -19/2032 r 2 Conclusions • The current secure ranging signal meets the regulation requirements • The effect of the potential unintentional beamforming can be mitigated by transmitting a delayed sounding signal • The solution can be implementation specific Submission Slide 9 Q. Li, F. Jiang, et al. , (Intel)