Northern Kentucky University Police Department TenMinute Training Equitable

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Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II 3/12/2021 1

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II 3/12/2021 1

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Instructional Objectives

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Instructional Objectives - [4] • At the conclusion of this self-study slide show, each sworn and civilian member will, with or without referencing any personal notes, correctly answer any supervisory inquiries or questions, concerning the following four objectives: 1. The foundational principle underlying the nature of relations between police organizations and the communities they serve. 2. The main reason ‘soft skills’ are also the greatest liability reduction skills; and four examples of soft skills commonly used in policing. 3. The definition of procedural justice; and five dynamics in which police should always observe and apply it. 4. Which NKUPD Core Value[s] can you interlink to this training course? 3/12/2021 2

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Relevant NKUPD

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Relevant NKUPD Directives: • Mission Statement: Mission Statement Courtesy of Former NKUPD Chief Jason Willis • The Mission of the Northern Kentucky University Police Department is to serve, educate, and protect the public through collaboration, problem recognition, problem resolution and police action. • All University Police personnel are encouraged to periodically read and review the following recommended professional publication, and all department directives, in order to develop and maintain comprehensive knowledge, and remain abreast of any revisions. 3/12/2021 3

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II Relevant NKUPD Directives:

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II Relevant NKUPD Directives: Core Values: Truncated Core Values Courtesy of Former NKUPD Chief Jason Willis Integrity; a firm adherence to moral principles. Loyalty; faithfulness or devotion. Courage; the ability to confront fear, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation. Professionalism; the behavioral embodiment of our community and professional expectations. • Adaptability; the ability to change or bend as dynamic situations or community needs dictate. • Diversity; creating a culture of openness and inclusion that values diversity in people and ideas. • • • 3/12/2021 4

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • • •

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • • • Relevant Professional Resources: Final Report of the President’s Task Force on 21 st Century Policing. http: //www. cops. usdoj. gov/pdf/taskforce_finalreport. pdf Executive Summary Introduction Pillar One, Building Trust & Legitimacy 3/12/2021 5

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Did you

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Did you know… • The U. S. Justice Department’s comprehensive investigation into the operations of the Ferguson, MO Police Department resulted in the creation of the Final Report of the President’s Task Force on 21 st Century Policing? • This document identifies best policing practices and offers recommendations on how those practices can promote effective crime reduction while building public trust. • This document declared that while much work remains to be done to address many longstanding issues and challenges—not only within the field of law enforcement but also within the broader criminal justice system—research has demonstrated that Americans are, by nature, problem solvers. Thus, it is hopeful that the recommendations included in the document will meaningfully contribute to our nation’s efforts to increase trust between law enforcement and the communities they protect and serve. • How adept are you at building legitimate trust and solving problems? 3/12/2021 6

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Building trust

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Building trust and nurturing legitimacy on both sides of the police/citizen divide is the foundational principle underlying the nature of relations between police organizations and the communities they serve. • Decades of research and practice support the premise that people are more likely to obey the law when they believe that those who are enforcing it have authority that is perceived as legitimate by those subject to the authority. • The public confers legitimacy only on those whom they believe are acting in procedurally just ways. In addition, law enforcement cannot build community trust if it is seen as an occupying force coming in from outside to impose control on the community. 3/12/2021 7

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • The police

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • The police culture should embrace a guardian—rather than a warrior—mindset to build trust and legitimacy both within organizations and with the public. • However, Dr. Kimberly A. Miller, a well-respected, licensed psychologist, offers a caveat to this declaration. A highly-regarded law enforcement consultant, Dr. Miller posits that police must have a hybrid mindset; predominantly guardian, but warrior, as necessary for self-protection and protection of others. She regards this optimal balance as the ‘Jedi’ mindset. • Dr. Miller postulates that ‘soft skills’ because they are the foundation of all human interaction, are also the greatest liability reduction skills. These include: escalation reduction techniques, logic, reason, patience, tolerance, empathy, active-listening skills, negotiation techniques, compassion, influence through leadership, respect for human dignity, and problem-solving abilities. 3/12/2021 8

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Thus, while

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Thus, while police must always be prepared, and readily capable of self-defense and the defense of others, response to resistance – formerly known as use of force – should be employed only as a last resort. • Dr. Miller emphasizes maximum police/community engagement as a propitious opportunity to show leadership, develop and leverage relationships, build trust and legitimacy, and reduce fear. 3/12/2021 9

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • The Final

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • The Final Report of the President’s Task Force on 21 st Century Policing, as corroborated by the research of Dr. Miller, recommended that police organizations adopt procedural justice as the guiding principle for internal and external policies and to guide their interactions with rank and file officers and the stakeholders they serve. • Procedural justice is defined as ‘fairness in processes that resolve disputes and allocates resources. ’ This concept is germane to all of our internal processes, all University Police/stakeholder interactions, all referrals, all University Police/Office of Student Conduct proceedings, and all decisions and actions concerning the criminal justice system. 3/12/2021 10

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Police organizations

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Police organizations should also establish a culture of transparency and accountability to build public trust and legitimacy. This is critical to ensuring decision-making is understood and in accord with stated policy. • As referenced in a recent Ten-Minute Training, venerable public safety risk manager and 33 -year veteran of policing Gordon Graham outlined the following 10 step process to guide decision-making, which warrants reiterating: 1. What’s going on? 2. Whose jurisdiction? 3. Do I have time to think? 4. Is there relevant policy? 3/12/2021 11

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II 5. What is

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II 5. What is our past practice? 6. Am I doing the right thing for the right reasons? 7. What are the consequences? 8. Make the call. 9. Documentation. 10. Knowledge sharing. 3/12/2021 12

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • In order

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • In order to ensure policies are maintained and current, police organizations are encouraged to periodically review policies and procedures, and if warranted, conduct non-punitive peer reviews of critical incidents separate from criminal and administrative investigations. 3/12/2021 13

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • In summary…

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • In summary… • Well-respected attorney Eric Daigle, an expert in preventing police liability, recently postulated, “The U. S. Dept. of Justice is on a rampage. The Special Litigation Section has grown exponentially. Biased-based policing and questionable incidents involving use of force by police are garnering headlines. Police departments must develop, implement, and continually adjust a forwardmoving approach, limiting inconsistent practices, while maximizing professionalism and accountability. Further, the three-pillars of Constitutionalbased policing must be uncompromising. These include: Policy/General Orders; Education/Training; and Close, Street-level Supervision, including timely, careful supervisory review of officers’ written reports. ” • Are you truly uncompromising in your commitment to the three-pillars of Constitutional-based policing? 3/12/2021 14

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II Lesson Title: Equitable,

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II Lesson Title: Equitable, Inclusive, Policing. Dates: 05/23/2016. Time / Duration: 10 Minutes. Method: Self-Study; Slide Show Format. Location: Northern Kentucky UPD. Prerequisites: Certified Sworn or Civilian Member of the NKUPD. Pre-test: None Post-test: None. Objectives: [4] See Slide 2. Comprehension Check: Oral; Supervisory Inquiry. Prepared & Approved By: Chief Les Kachurek, MA/GT/IE/MH/CT. 3/12/2021 15

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II Preparer’s References: [6]

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II Preparer’s References: [6] 1. ‘Transforming Organizational Culture, ’ Excerpts From a 60 Minute Seminar During the FBI-LEEDA Conference at the Memphis, TN Convention Center, Miller, Kimberly, A. , K. A. Miller & Associates, Ft. Collins, CO, 04/26/2016. 2. ‘Final Report of President’s Task Force on 21 st Century Policing, ’ The President’s Task Force on 21 st Century Policing, Office of COPS, Washington, DC, 05/2015. 3. ‘Police Operations: Implications Post-DOJ Review of Ferguson, ’ Excerpts From a 60 Minute Seminar During the FBI-LEEDA Conference at the Memphis, TN Convention Center, Daigle, Eric, P. , Daigle Law Group, Southington, CT, 04/26/2016. 3/12/2021 16

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Preparer’s References:

Northern Kentucky University Police Department: Ten-Minute Training; Equitable, Inclusive Policing, II • Preparer’s References: [6] 4. NKUPD Operation’s Manual, See Slides 3 and 4, 2012, Willis, Jason. 5. ‘Tip of the Day, ’ Risk Management Part IV - Decision Making, Graham, Gordon, Archives of Lexipol. com, 03/29/2016. 6. Bing Images. com • Students’ Aids: Desktop Computer, Slide Show Containing 17 Slides. 3/12/2021 17