Nobody knows the next president Nobody knows who
Nobody knows the next president. Nobody knows who will be the president. I don’t know the answer. I don’t know what the answer is. Can you tell me her address. Can you tell me where she lives. What do you think a noun clause is?
Types of Noun Clauses That she will pass the exam is certain. What I need is a good dictionary. Whether she is coming to the party or not isn’t certain yet.
1. Noun clauses beginning with that 2. Noun clauses beginning with a question word. 3. Noun clauses beginning with whether or not / if (or not)
1. Noun Clauses Beginning With That She doesn’t like pop music We know that she doesn’t like pop music object He is the best of all I’m sure that he is the best of all. Coffee grows in Brazil. It is well - known to all. That coffee grows in Brazil is well known to all. Subject
a) That he had been responsible for the crime WAS clear to everybody. b) That they are very rich MEANS nothing to me. c) That her husband left her MADE her very melancholy.
That he committed the crime is obvious. It is obvious that he committed the crime. That he can’t win the election is known. It is known that he can’t win the election.
The Omission Of That: I’m afraid we’ve sold out of tickets. I believe she won’t arrive before seven.
BUT a- That the match will be cancelled is now certain. b- – What did you assume from his attitude? – That he was frightened. c- Everybody could see, I believe, that he was terrified. d- Everybody could see what was happening and that Goerge was really scared.
• “That Clauses” after certain adjectives. I’m glad that you are here. Are you certain that this is the right road?
• “That Clauses” after certain verbs. Everybody knows that money doesn’t grow on trees. object
“That Clauses” after certain nouns. It is a wonder (that) she survived the accident. It is my impression (that) television reduces the interest in reading.
Compare: a) The news that the ship was lost depressed us all. b) The news that she heard on the radio depressed her. a) They received information that their houses had been broken into. b) They received information that changed their plans.
Noun Clauses with “the fact” She couldn’t pass the exam. That disappointed us. The fact that she couldn’t pass the exam disappointed us. She cheated in the exam. That made the teacher furious. The fact that she cheated in the exam made the teacher furious. Yesterday in class we discussed the fact that the Independence war was won with great difficulty. We are not worried about the fact that she comes home late from work.
2. Noun Clauses Beginning With A Question Word Why is he coming tomorrow? Why he is coming tomorrow is a secret. When did he leave the country? When he left the country is still unknown. Where are you going on holiday? Where we are going on holiday isn’t certain yet.
Who is coming tomorrow? I don’t know who is coming tomorrow. Whose daughter has passed the exam? I haven’t heard whose daughter has passed the exam. How many students are going to take the university exam? I don’t know exactly how many students are going to take the university exam.
What happened here yesterday? Please tell me what happened here yesterday.
Noun clauses after adjectives We were asthonished at how old she looked. He stared at whoever passed by his house. We were concerned about how he would get the money. It depends on whether we got enough money.
3. Noun Clauses Beginning with Whether - If Has he signed the contract? Whether he has signed the contract (or not) doesn’t matter. The question is whether he has signed the contract. I want to know whether / if he has signed the contract. I’m concerned about whether he has signed the contract.
OR NOT I wonder whether she is coming to the party or not. whether or not she is coming to the party. whether she is coming to the party. if she is coming to the party or not. if she is coming to the party.
Compare I’ll go to theatre whether he comes with me or not. I do not know whether he will come to theatre or not.
Request and Exclamation “What a pretty girl she is” was his first sentence. “How mistaken I was” was his last sentence. How cold it is! How you’ve grown How well she plays! What a rude man! What a surprise! What lovely flowers! What beautiful weather! What fools!