NIH Grants Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Silvia

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NIH Grants: Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Silvia da Costa, Ph. D. Director of

NIH Grants: Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Silvia da Costa, Ph. D. Director of Faculty Research Relations Office of Research

Research Grants Competing Applications and Awards

Research Grants Competing Applications and Awards

The NIH Peer Review Process Application received Assignments made Initial peer review Funding considerations

The NIH Peer Review Process Application received Assignments made Initial peer review Funding considerations Scientific Review Group Institutes or Centers (ICs) (Study section) (Duals possible) Scientific Review Officer Program Officer Second level of review Council Funding decision IC Director Award!

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Research to address the needs of the Funding Institute

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Research to address the needs of the Funding Institute CRISP Re. PORTER Choosing the right study section Grant Sections Early Stage Investigator

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Research to address the needs of the funding institute

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Research to address the needs of the funding institute

The NIH Peer Review Process Application received Assignments made Initial peer review Funding considerations

The NIH Peer Review Process Application received Assignments made Initial peer review Funding considerations Scientific Review Group Institutes or Centers (ICs) (Study section) (Duals possible) Scientific Review Officer Program Officer Second level of review Council Funding decision IC Director Research to address the needs of the funding institute Award!

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness The NIH is not interested in funding good science

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness The NIH is not interested in funding good science The NIH is interested in funding good science that meets the needs of the funding institute “Small business” mentality: Your proposal as an “investment” Research to address the needs of the funding institute

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness To which Institute should you submit your grant? Research

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness To which Institute should you submit your grant? Research to address the needs of the funding institute

Awards by Institute sorted by average number Research to address the needs of the

Awards by Institute sorted by average number Research to address the needs of the funding institute

2010 Funding Success Rate per NIH IC Success Rate 2010 Award Amount (‘ 000

2010 Funding Success Rate per NIH IC Success Rate 2010 Award Amount (‘ 000 s) NCI NIAID NHLBI NIGMS NIDDK NINDS NIMH NICHD NIDA NIA NEI NIAMS NIBIB NIEHS NIAAA NIDCR NIDCD OD NHGRI NCCAM NINR NCRR NLM NIMHD FIC 0% 20% 40% 60% Research to address the needs of the funding institute 80% NCI NIAID NHLBI NIGMS NIDDK NINDS NIMH NICHD NIDA NIA NEI NIAMS NIBIB NIEHS NIAAA NIDCR NIDCD OD NHGRI NCCAM NINR NCRR NLM NIMHD FIC $ - $ 100, 000 $ 200, 000 $ 300, 000 $ 400, 000 $ 500, 000 $ 600, 000

NIH Re. PORT Research to address the needs of the funding institute http: //report.

NIH Re. PORT Research to address the needs of the funding institute http: //report. nih. gov/reports. aspx

Institute Strategic Plan Research to address the needs of the funding institute http: //report.

Institute Strategic Plan Research to address the needs of the funding institute http: //report. nih. gov/reports. aspx

Institute Strategic Plan Research to address the needs of the funding institute http: //report.

Institute Strategic Plan Research to address the needs of the funding institute http: //report. nih. gov/strategicplans/index. aspx

Institute Strategic Plan Research to address the needs of the funding institute

Institute Strategic Plan Research to address the needs of the funding institute

Institute Strategic Plan Research to address the needs of the funding institute

Institute Strategic Plan Research to address the needs of the funding institute

IC Area of Interest Research to address the needs of the funding institute http:

IC Area of Interest Research to address the needs of the funding institute http: //www. nih. gov/icd/index. html

Any Questions Research to address the needs of the funding institute

Any Questions Research to address the needs of the funding institute

The NIH Peer Review Process Application received Assignments made Initial peer review Funding considerations

The NIH Peer Review Process Application received Assignments made Initial peer review Funding considerations Scientific Review Group Institutes or Centers (ICs) (Study section) (Duals possible) Scientific Review Officer Program Officer Second level of review Council Funding decision IC Director Award!

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness CRISP Re. PORTER

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness CRISP Re. PORTER

CRISP Re. PORTER http: //projectreporter. nih. gov/reporter. cfm

CRISP Re. PORTER http: //projectreporter. nih. gov/reporter. cfm

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Choosing the right study section

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Choosing the right study section

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Who will be reviewing your grant? Identifying potential members

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Who will be reviewing your grant? Identifying potential members of your Scientific Review Group Choosing the right study section

Center for Scientific Review (CSR) Choosing the right study section http: //public. csr. nih.

Center for Scientific Review (CSR) Choosing the right study section http: //public. csr. nih. gov/Pages/default. aspx/

Center for Scientific Review (CSR) Choosing the right study section http: //public. csr. nih.

Center for Scientific Review (CSR) Choosing the right study section http: //public. csr. nih. gov/Study. Sections/Page s/default. aspx

Center for Scientific Review (CSR) Choosing the right study section

Center for Scientific Review (CSR) Choosing the right study section

Center for Scientific Review (CSR) Choosing the right study section

Center for Scientific Review (CSR) Choosing the right study section

Grant Proposal Cover Letter Application title FOA # and title Request: • • •

Grant Proposal Cover Letter Application title FOA # and title Request: • • • Place SRG & IC review requests on separate lines Place positive & negative requests on separate lines Include name of IC or SRG, followed by a dash and acronym Provide explanations for each request in a separate paragraph You can ask for a specific study section but it is not necessarily guaranteed… • Check e. RA Commons regularly to see confirm to where it was assigned. • Contact the PO immediately if it was not assigned to the section you wanted - they usually will try to accommodate your request Choosing the right study section

Any Questions Choosing the right study section

Any Questions Choosing the right study section

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Grant sections

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Grant sections

Good Grantsmanship Grant writing is a learned skill! Grant sections

Good Grantsmanship Grant writing is a learned skill! Grant sections

Academic Writing Grant Writing Scholarly pursuit: Individual passion Sponsor goals: Service attitude Past oriented:

Academic Writing Grant Writing Scholarly pursuit: Individual passion Sponsor goals: Service attitude Past oriented: Work that has been done Future oriented: Work that should be done Theme-centered: Theory and thesis Project-centered: Objectives and activities Expository rhetoric: Explaining to reader Persuasive rhetoric: “Selling” the reader Impersonal tone: Objective, dispassionate Personal tone: Conveys excitement Individualistic: Primarily a solo activity Team-focused: Feedback needed Few length constraints: Verbosity rewarded Strict length constraints: Brevity rewarded Specialized terminology: “Insider jargon” Accessible language: Easily understood Grant sections Porter, R. Why Academics Have a Hard Time Writing Good Grant Proposal. J Res Admin XXXVIII(2): 37 -43, 2007

Approach: Restructured Research Plan Previous Application New Application Background and Significance a. Significance b.

Approach: Restructured Research Plan Previous Application New Application Background and Significance a. Significance b. Innovation Research Design and c. Approach Methods • Preliminary Studies Preliminary for New Applications Studies/Progress Report • Progress Report for Renewal/Revision Grant sections

Significance (1/2 page) • Does the project address an important problem or a critical

Significance (1/2 page) • Does the project address an important problem or a critical barrier to progress in the field? • If the aims of the project are achieved, how will scientific knowledge, technical capability, and/or clinical practice be improved? • How will successful completion of the aims change the concepts, methods, technologies, treatments, services, or preventative interventions that drive this field? Innovation (1/2 page) • Does the application challenge and seek to shift current research or clinical practice paradigms by utilizing novel theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions? • Are the concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions novel to one field of research or novel in a broad sense? • Is a refinement, improvement, or new application of theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions proposed? Grant sections

 Biographical Sketch • Personal Statement –what experience and qualifications make the applicant particularly

Biographical Sketch • Personal Statement –what experience and qualifications make the applicant particularly wellsuited for the project. • Limited to 4 pages (per person) • Publications limited to 15 – 5 most recent – 5 best – 5 most relevant to the application Grant sections

Biosketch: Include the PMCID Example Varmus H, Klausner R, Zerhouni E, Acharya T, Daar

Biosketch: Include the PMCID Example Varmus H, Klausner R, Zerhouni E, Acharya T, Daar A, Singer P. 2003. PUBLIC HEALTH: Grand Challenges in Global Health. Science 302(5644): 398– 399. PMCID: PMC 243493 Grant sections http: //publicaccess. nih. gov/citation_methods. htm

Specific Aims Page - Outline Background information Relevance (medical/clinical) Gap in knowledge/Current knowledge Long-term

Specific Aims Page - Outline Background information Relevance (medical/clinical) Gap in knowledge/Current knowledge Long-term goal (of your lab) Objective of the proposal Hypothesis - Basis for hypothesis Rational for study Specific Aims Hypothesis How it will be tested Expected Results Why proposal is innovative Significance PI / Environment Positive Impact “Payoff” for the Institute/Foundation Grant sections

Specific Aims Page – Target Audience Grant sections

Specific Aims Page – Target Audience Grant sections

Specific Aims – Diagrams Diabetic conditions TGF Aim 1 Aim 2 XXX YYY abc

Specific Aims – Diagrams Diabetic conditions TGF Aim 1 Aim 2 XXX YYY abc WW WSWS CVCV Aim 3 Diabetic Neuropathy Hypothesis: text text text text text text text text text Grant sections

Specific Aims Page Your job is to make the reviewer’s work easier! Background information

Specific Aims Page Your job is to make the reviewer’s work easier! Background information Relevance (medical/clinical) Gap in knowledge/Current knowledge Long-term goal (of your lab) Objective of the proposal Hypothesis - Basis for hypothesis Rational for study Specific Aims Hypothesis How it will be tested Expected Results Why proposal is innovative Significance PI / Environment Positive Impact “Payoff” for the Institute/Foundation Grant sections What is not known is … It is relevant because… The objective of the proposal is. . The rational is based on the need to… This proposal is innovative because… The research is significant because. . It will have a positive impact due to… Our unique research environment specializing in XYZ will assure the success of the proposed project… It helps the XX institute fulfill it’s mission towards… or is in line with the goals of the institute in that…

Specific Aims Page Abstract Grant sections

Specific Aims Page Abstract Grant sections

Experimental Design Old format: New format: Hypothesis Rationale Preliminary Data Experimental approach Methods Interpretation

Experimental Design Old format: New format: Hypothesis Rationale Preliminary Data Experimental approach Methods Interpretation of results Potential pitfalls Alternatives Significantly reduced Preliminary Data Alternatives Go/No-Go & Milestones Grant sections Innovation Significance Timeline

Preliminary data Alternatives & Pitfalls Quantitatable data Milestone (M 1); Hypothesis Strengthened Milestone (M

Preliminary data Alternatives & Pitfalls Quantitatable data Milestone (M 1); Hypothesis Strengthened Milestone (M 1) Hypothesis Go Assay 1 Expected Results Assay 2 Go/No-Go Assay 3 Associated to M 1, not necessarily to individual assays. Alternatives & Pitfalls No need for extensive detail Assay 4 Grant sections Alternative Assays

Alternatives & Pitfalls Demonstrate to the reviewer that you have thought of, and planned

Alternatives & Pitfalls Demonstrate to the reviewer that you have thought of, and planned for, all possibilities. Alternatives & Pitfalls Alternative Assays Grant sections Anticipated Results and Alternative Approaches: “There are no perceived obstacles to completing this aim with results as predicted. ”

Summarize with the Timeline Aim 1 Timeline Assay 1 & 2 Yr. 1 Yr.

Summarize with the Timeline Aim 1 Timeline Assay 1 & 2 Yr. 1 Yr. 2 Yr. 3 x x 2 Go/No-Go Yr. 5 x x M 2 M 3 x Assay 3 Milestones Yr. 4 M 1 Gi Gii M 1: text, text; M 2, text Go/No-Go identified in Alternatives & Pitfalls Milestones identified either in the main text or with the Table Your entire proposal summarized in one Table and one Figure Grant sections

Response to Reviewers Q: What if you know that you are “Right” and the

Response to Reviewers Q: What if you know that you are “Right” and the reviewers are “Wrong”, is it appropriate to argue your position in your resubmission? A: NO! Never be Argumentative ! Never be Abrasive ! Do not do long term damage to yourself Always address all comments and critiques Thank the reviewer for their effort Remind them of the good comments Choosing the right study section Grant sections

Response to Reviewers How to shoot yourself in the foot… The reviewer’s comments regarding

Response to Reviewers How to shoot yourself in the foot… The reviewer’s comments regarding the proposed mode of action of XXX are frankly astonishing and somewhat disturbing as they suggest a view biased in favor of the more conventional mode of action for antibody. Clearly this reviewer is not familiar with the anti-inflammatory properties of XXX and apparently did not read the background sections on ‘Antibody prophylaxis and therapy’ (section 3. 3) and ‘Antiinflammatory Activity of XXX’ (section 3. 4) in which XXX mechanisms of action were discussed. Choosing the right study section Grant sections

Any Questions Grant sections

Any Questions Grant sections

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Early Stage Investigator

Strategies to Improve Your Competitiveness Early Stage Investigator

Early Stage Investigator http: //grants. nih. gov/grants/new_investigators

Early Stage Investigator http: //grants. nih. gov/grants/new_investigators

R 01 -Equivalent investigators Number supported on competing awards, by career stage of investigator

R 01 -Equivalent investigators Number supported on competing awards, by career stage of investigator Early Stage Investigator

NIH Priority: Continued Focus on New Investigators • New Investigator is an NIH research

NIH Priority: Continued Focus on New Investigators • New Investigator is an NIH research grant applicant who has not yet competed successfully for a substantial, NIH research grant. • Example: a PI who has previously received a competing NIH R 01 research grant is no longer considered a New Investigator. However, a PD/PI who has received a small grant (R 03) or an Exploratory, Developmental Research Grant Award (R 21) retains his or her status as a New Investigator. Early Stage Investigator http: //grants. nih. gov/grants/new_investigators/inve stigator_policies_faqs. htm#2649

NIH Priority: Continued Focus on New Investigators • Early Stage Investigators: ESIs are New

NIH Priority: Continued Focus on New Investigators • Early Stage Investigators: ESIs are New Investigators who are within 10 years of completing their terminal research degree or within 10 years of completing their medical residency at the time they apply for R 01 grants. Early Stage Investigator http: //grants. nih. gov/grants/new_investigators/inve stigator_policies_faqs. htm#2649

New Funding Policy for New and Early Stage Investigators • For R 01 applications

New Funding Policy for New and Early Stage Investigators • For R 01 applications as of FY 2009, NIH expects to support New Investigators at success rates equivalent to that of established investigators submitting new applications. • The majority of New Investigators are expected to be Early Stage Investigators • This will apply to R 01 grants only & is intended to discourage need to apply for R 21 or R 03 before R 01 Early Stage Investigator http: //grants. nih. gov/grants/new_investigators/inve stigator_policies_faqs. htm#2649

Early Stage Investigator http: //grants. nih. gov/grants/new_investigators

Early Stage Investigator http: //grants. nih. gov/grants/new_investigators

Funding Policy for NIs & ESIs • Applications from ESIs, like those from all

Funding Policy for NIs & ESIs • Applications from ESIs, like those from all New Investigators, are given special consideration during peer review and at the time of funding. • Peer reviewers are instructed to focus more on the proposed approach than on the track record, and to expect less preliminary information than might be provided by an established investigator. • Applications will be clustered during initial peer review to the extent possible. Early Stage Investigator

Special Programs for NIs & ESIs • Pathway to Independence Award (K 99 -R

Special Programs for NIs & ESIs • Pathway to Independence Award (K 99 -R 00) provides support as a postdoctoral scholar transitions from a training position to a faculty position • Director’s New Innovator Award (DP 2) provides support to highly innovative research approaches Early Stage Investigator http: //grants. nih. gov/grants/new_investigators/inve stigator_policies_faqs. htm#2649

How does the NIH Recognize NIs & ESIs? NI and ESI status is determined

How does the NIH Recognize NIs & ESIs? NI and ESI status is determined automatically by the functionality built into e. RA Commons, based on the investigator’s record of receiving NIH grants and the date of their terminal degree and/or completion of medical residency. Make sure you are correctly designated as an ESI Verify your degree completion date in your NIH Commons Profile (e. RA Commons) Early Stage Investigator http: //grants. nih. gov/grants/new_investigators/inve stigator_policies_faqs. htm#2649

Extension of ESI Status ESI extensions will be considered only after the terminal research

Extension of ESI Status ESI extensions will be considered only after the terminal research degree and/or the residency end date has been added to the e. RA Commons Profile. NIH will consider requests to extend the ESI period for reasons that can include medical concerns, disability, family care responsibilities, extended periods of clinical training, natural disasters, and active duty military service. Early Stage Investigator http: //grants. nih. gov/grants/new_investigators/esi _extension_add. htm

Loss of ESI Status applies only to R 01 s If you are applying

Loss of ESI Status applies only to R 01 s If you are applying for an R 01 with another non-ESI, the proposal will not be reviewed as an ESI application. If awarded, you will lose your ESI status. Need to balance use of experienced collaborator with loss of ESI status. Early Stage Investigator

Word Reduction & Editing Suggestions Early Stage Investigator

Word Reduction & Editing Suggestions Early Stage Investigator

Methods – Keep it Brief The power of parenthesis… A total of 1 x

Methods – Keep it Brief The power of parenthesis… A total of 1 x 107 cells in 0. 4 ml of serum-free RPMI 1640 medium was transfected with 2 g of the reporter plasmid, 0. 5 g of the Renilla luciferase control vector (p. RL-TK; Promega), and 30 g of the expression vector by electroporation (250 V and 950 F). Following electroporation, cells were incubated for 10 minutes at room temperature and then transferred into growth 10 ml of medium and cultured at 37°C and 5% CO 2 for 40– 48 hours. Cells (1 x 107 in 0. 4 ml of serum-free RPMI 1640 medium) were transfected with the reporter plasmid (2 g), Renilla luciferase control (0. 5 g, p. RL-TK; Promega), and expression vectors (30 g), by electroporation (250 V, 950 F), incubated (10 min, room temperature), transferred into growth medium (10 ml) and cultured (37°C, 5% CO 2, 40 - 48 h). 78 to 58 words…

Methods – Keep it Brief Cells (1 x 107 in 0. 4 ml of

Methods – Keep it Brief Cells (1 x 107 in 0. 4 ml of serum-free RPMI 1640 medium) will be transfected with the reporter plasmid (2 g), Renilla luciferase control (0. 5 g, p. RL-TK; Promega), and expression vectors (30 g), by electroporation (250 V, 950 F), incubated (10 min, room temperature), transferred into growth medium (10 ml) and cultured (37°C, 5% CO 2, 40 - 48 h). Cells (1 x 107 in 0. 4 ml of serum-free RPMI 1640 medium) will be transfected with the reporter plasmid (2 g), Renilla luciferase control (0. 5 g, p. RL-TK; Promega), and expression vectors (30 g), by electroporation (250 V, 950 F), incubated (10 min, room temperature), transferred into growth medium (10 ml) and cultured (37°C, 5% CO 2, 40 - 48 h). Cells will be transfected by electroporation with the reporter plasmid, Renilla luciferase control and expression vector, then transferred into growth medium and cultured (40 - 48 h). 58 to 23 words…

Figure Legends… Keep it brief Figure 2. (A) The spots of proteins in the

Figure Legends… Keep it brief Figure 2. (A) The spots of proteins in the 2 -D gels: DR 0099, DR 2340 and DRA 0346: Ss. B, Rec. A and Ppr. A, respectively. (B) The spots of proteins in the 2 -D gels: DR 0307 and DR 1082: elongation factor G and lightrepressed protein A, respectively. (C) The spots of proteins in the 2 D gels: DR 1473 and DR 2128: phage shock protein A and DNAdirected RNA polymerase alpha subunit, respectively. (D) Relative protein expression levels of proteins. Figure 2. Protein spots in 2 -D gels for (A) DR 0099, DR 2340 and DRA 0346: Ss. B, Rec. A and Ppr. A, respectively; (B) DR 0307 and DR 1082: elongation factor G and light-repressed protein A, respectively and (C) DR 1473 and DR 2128: phage shock protein A and DNA-directed RNA polymerase alpha subunit, respectively. (D) Relative protein expression levels Protein expression was calculated as described in experimental procedures. (see Experimental Procedures) The values are the mean ± standard deviation Values are mean ± SD of four independent experiments repeated twice each. (n=4, in duplicate) 94 to 62 words…

Spell-check First: Go to EDIT on the Word tool bar, choose SELECT ALL Then:

Spell-check First: Go to EDIT on the Word tool bar, choose SELECT ALL Then: Go to TOOLS, LANGUAGE, SET LANGUAGE Choose English Uncheck “Do not check spelling or grammar” Then click OK

“What is written without effort is, in general, read without pleasure. ” Samuel Johnson

“What is written without effort is, in general, read without pleasure. ” Samuel Johnson Question marks from Stock images