New Nation New Nation Vocabulary Montesquieu John Locke

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New Nation

New Nation

New Nation Vocabulary • • Montesquieu John Locke Voltaire Articles of Confederation Political Parties

New Nation Vocabulary • • Montesquieu John Locke Voltaire Articles of Confederation Political Parties James Madison Federalists Anti-Federalists • • Shay’s Rebellion Ratify Great Compromise Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan Federalist Papers Constitutional Convention

The Articles of Confederation The Articles were written in 1777 by John Dickinson, a

The Articles of Confederation The Articles were written in 1777 by John Dickinson, a Penn. statesman l The Articles were accepted by Congress in 1781 and is considered the first national constitution l

The Articles of Confederation The fear of having too much power in one person’s

The Articles of Confederation The fear of having too much power in one person’s hands reflects the experiences the colonies had under a monarchy l In the Articles the state governments limit the power of the national Congress l

Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation l Congress had no power to raise taxes

Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation l Congress had no power to raise taxes l Congress had no power regulate foreign or state trade l Laws had to be approved by 9 out of 13 states l Congress did not have the power to enforce laws

Strengths of the Articles of Confederation l The Treaty of Paris 1783 was signed

Strengths of the Articles of Confederation l The Treaty of Paris 1783 was signed l The Northwest Ordinance was past l Had the power to declare war and peace, print money, make treaties and settle state disputes

Strengths of the Articles of Confederation: Settling Western Lands l The Land Ordinance of

Strengths of the Articles of Confederation: Settling Western Lands l The Land Ordinance of 1785, stated that land in the west was to be surveyed using a grid system to establish 6 mile blocks l The Northwest Ordinance assisted in the orderly expansion of the United States, it outlined a plan for applying for statehood to western territories 5, 000 free males who own 50 acres can start govt l Population of 60, 000 could become a state l

Settling Western lands The Northwest Ordinance provides an orderly settlement process in the West

Settling Western lands The Northwest Ordinance provides an orderly settlement process in the West l It promised l no slavery l education l freedom of religion l trial by jury l

Northwest Territory l The Northwest Territory was east of the Mississippi River and north

Northwest Territory l The Northwest Territory was east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River. The states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin would be formed from this area.

Reasons for Shay’s Rebellion Farmers are required to pay debts in gold, they have

Reasons for Shay’s Rebellion Farmers are required to pay debts in gold, they have no money because they were not paid during the war l Wealthy lawmakers invested their money in the war too. And seek to get money from the farmers debts l

Shays’s Rebellion Poor farmers are not represented in the Mass legislature and cannot pass

Shays’s Rebellion Poor farmers are not represented in the Mass legislature and cannot pass debt relief laws l The rebellion will free debtors from prisons and close courts that are hearing cases against farmers l

Shays’s Rebellion l The Mass militia is called out to stop it l Poor

Shays’s Rebellion l The Mass militia is called out to stop it l Poor farmers in 1791 elect officials who support their stance and will close courthouses and demand financial help from the Congress l Shays’s Rebellion will prompt national leaders to create a stonger central government

Samuel Adams Said What? ! l “Rebellion against a king may be pardoned, or

Samuel Adams Said What? ! l “Rebellion against a king may be pardoned, or lightly punished, but the man who dares to rebel against the laws of a republic ought to suffer death”

Views about Shays’s Rebellion will also write a law called the Riot Act, which

Views about Shays’s Rebellion will also write a law called the Riot Act, which prohibits 12 people or more from meeting and gives the government the power to shoot rioters! l Samuel sure has changed since 1776! l Adams

Thomas Jefferson Said What? ! l "A little rebellion now and then is a

Thomas Jefferson Said What? ! l "A little rebellion now and then is a good thing. It is a medicine necessary for the sound health of government. God forbid that we should ever be twenty years without such a rebellion. "