- Slides: 21
Nature Vs. Nurture Vocabulary
nature (nature vs. nurture) • Definition: your genetic traits father son • Sentence: Some scientists say that you are shaped by nature, or the traits you received from your parents.
nurture (nature vs. nurture) • Definition: the environment that you are raised in • Sentence: Some scientists say that you are shaped by nurture, or the way your environment effects you.
breeder • Definition: someone who raises animals so that they can reproduce • Sentence: We purchased our puppy from a dog breeder.
chromosomes • Definition: the part of a cell that contains your genes • Sentence: Humans have a total of 46 chromosomes in each of their cells!
sound • Definition: a narrow area of water that connects two larger areas of water • Sentence: The spill from the Exxon Valdez oil tanker had harmful effects on Prince William Sound.
identical (identical twins) • Definition: twins that look the same because they receive the same genes from their parents • Sentence: It is difficult to tell my neighbors apart because they are identical twins.
vulnerable • Definition: easily harmed or affected by something • Sentence: Building a tower of cards on a wobbly table will make it very vulnerable.
poaching • Definition: illegally hunting, killing, or capturing wild animals • Sentence: Poaching of black rhinos led the species to extinction.
siblings • Definition: brothers or sisters who share the same parents • Sentence: My siblings and I all have our father’s hair color.
fraternal (fraternal twins) • Definition: twins who receive different genes from each parent • Sentence: My cousins are fraternal twins. One is a girl and the other is a boy.
devastate • Definition: to be very badly or completely damaged Sentence: The flood devastated our street.
vengeance • Definition: with great force or more effect than before • Sentence: At first it was just a light rain, but the next day the clouds came back with a vengeance.
grim • Definition: very serious, bad, unpleasant • Sentence: When he lost his job, his future looked grim.
exacerbated • Definition: to make a bad situation worse • Sentence: Having a fear of heights only exacerbated the already bad situation.
virtual (virtual twins) • Definition: twins who are the same age, live in the same house, but are not genetically related • Sentence: Scientists study virtual twins because they share the same environment.
litter • Definition: a group of young • Sentence: There were 11 puppies in the litter of golden retrievers.
squelch • Definition: to stop something from continuing to develop or spread • Sentence: Due to a lack of wide life protection, the effects of poaching are hard to squelch.
genes • Definition: traits that will determine what a person looks and acts like • Sentence: Musical talent is in my genes.
DNA • Definition: a substance that makes each person unique, DNA caries genetic material. DNA • Sentence: Scientists look for DNA samples at crimes scenes to solve the case.
matriarch • Definition: a woman who is the leader of a family or group • Sentence: When the matriarch of the orca pod died, many whales left to join a new pod.