- Slides: 43
NATO SEQUENCE OF ORDERS
NATO Sequence of Orders Types of Orders
TYPES OF ORDERS u Warning Orders u Formal Orders u Quick Battle Orders (QBOs) u Radio Orders u Operation Orders (incl FRAGOs)
TYPES OF ORDERS BY OPERATION u Patrol – – Recce Fighting u Ambush (Phased) u Attack – – Hasty Deliberate (Focus on obj) u Defence – – Preliminary Confirmatory u Raids (Get digging) (Once posn complete) (Phased)
WARNING ORDER “SPOTOCA”: SHOULD INCLUDE: u Sit; incl comd intent 2 up, gd & en. u Probable msn & probable msns for subordinates. u Own ME. u Timings. u Earliest move times/NMB u NTM u RV and time of O Gp. u CSS: Essential matters only. u Acknowledge.
WARNING ORDER MAY INCLUDE: u. Os for prelim ops, recce regping or mov. u. Assy area details. u. RVs, Mov of Adv and Hbr parties. u. Limitations on recce, mov and use of Tpt incl hels. u. Essential Svc Sp, or Comd and Sigs, instrs e. g. replen, rest, repair and rec, mov of Ech or HQs.
WARNING ORDER Can be issued immediately after Stage 1 of MA: • “Wng O: B Coy to mount attack o/n 27/28 Sep as part of BG op. 4 & 5 tps in asslt; 6 tp res. Cfm; Wng O to fol. ”
OPERATION ORDERS u. Formal, Detailed, Comprehensive written orders. u. May be supplemented by overlay Operation Orders down to BG level. u. May be supplemented by Oral Orders down to Fire Team level.
FRAGMENTARY ORDERS u Used in fast moving situations. u Operation Orders issued in part only and with limited distribution.
OTHER TYPES OF ORDERS u Oral. u Confirmatory Notes. u Radio / Telephone. u Liaison Officers.
ORDERS u What is to be done. u By whom. u Why (and How). u Where and When.
NATO SEQUENCE OF ORDERS u Preliminaries u Situation u Mission u Execution u Service Support u Command Signals
PRELIMINARIES u Outline of the Operation. u SY of O Gp – Loc – Sentries – Actions on Attack u Admin – Intro of Att Pers – Seating Plan – Model – Map Folds
PRELIMINARIES CONTINUED: - u Weather Time of First/Last Light – Forecast – Moon State – Visibility – u Task Org u Ground Orientation
SITUATION (AS FOR OFFENSIVE OPs) u. En Forces: èSTR èLOCs èWPNs èEQPT èMORALE èOBs èDFs èAIR THREAT èNBC èFUTURE INTENTIONS
SITUATION CONTINUED: - u Friendly Forces: èThe intent of the Comd 2 Up. ie Cdo CO for Tp O’s. èCoy Comd's MSN and concept of OPs (incl intent and Main Effort). èLocs and future actions of neighbouring forces which may affect your Op. èOutline Fire Sp plan. u ATTS and DETS (only if not covered in Task Org)
MISSION “A clear and concise statement of the command its purpose”
MISSION STATEMENT u MISSION - (Single Mission) "1 Section is to attack to destroy the enemy in the left-hand trench in order to allow the troop to secure saddle A". A u MISSION - (Multiple Missions) "1 Section is to attack to destroy the enemy in the Red House, to provide fire support to 3 Section, in order to allow the troop to secure the farm complex". complex
MISSION STATEMENT u MISSION - (with tasks) “ 1 Section is to attack to destroy the en in Red House iot allow the tp to secure the farm complex. 1. Be prep to provide fire sp to 3 Sect. 2. Be prep to clear obs in sp 2 Sect exploitation. ”
MISSION STATEMENT u MISSION - (phase of war/tasks) “ Attack: Lt fwd asslt Sect. 1. Destroy en in Red House. 2. Provide fire sp to 3 Sect. 3. Be prep to clear obs in sp 2 Sect exploitation. in order to allow the tp to secure the farm complex. ”
EXECUTION u Concept of Ops: - èTp Comds intent. èScheme of Manoeuvre. èMain Effort.
BRITISH MILITARY DOCTRINE u Main Effort (ME) - NATO/Op Level "A concentration of forces or means, in a particular area, where a commander seeks to bring about a decision". decision
BRITISH MILITARY DOCTRINE u Main Effort (ME) - UK/Tac Level " The activity which the commander considers crucial to the success of his mission at that time". time u Establishing ME èNarrowing of boundaries to concentrate force. è Grouping extra combat power on the ME. è Allocation of priority for Combat Support. è Use of second echelon forces and reserves. è Sequencing of deep, close and rear operations.
EXECUTION u Concept of Ops: - èTp Comds intent. èScheme of Manoeuvre. èMain Effort. èKey timings.
EXECUTION u Concept of Ops: - èTp Comds intent. èScheme of Manoeuvre. èMain Effort. èKey timings. u Sub Unit Missions.
EXECUTION u Concept of Ops: - èTp Comds intent. èScheme of Manoeuvre. èMain Effort. èKey timings. u Sub-unit missions. u Coord Instrs.
EXECUTION u Coord Instrs. – incl mov/routes detail for the attack FTimings FFire Plan FLo. E FBdrys u. Poss Summary.
SERVICE SUPPORT “DEWARMPT” u SOP Variations. u Log Sp. u Med. u Transport/Recovery.
COMMAND and SIGNALS u. HQs: - èLocs èMov èAltn Comd u. COMMs - CEI Changes u. Codes: - èCodewords èNicknames èNick Nos:
COMMAND and SIGNALS continued: u Passwords Synchronise u (Poss Summary) u Questions (Advisable to be carried u out after each section)
EXTRACTION OF ORDERS
PRELIMINARIES COY COMD Os TP COMD Os OUTLINE OF Op ------------------------ OUTLINE OF Op SY OF O Gp ADMIN: INTRO OF ATT PERS SEATING PLAN MODEL MAP FOLDS ------------------ MAP FOLDS WEATHER ------------------------------ WEATHER TASK ORG ------------------------------ TASK ORG GROUND ORIENTATION: CDO AREA - OUTLINE COY AREA - DETAIL --------------- COY AREA - OUTLINE TP LEVEL AREA - DETAIL
EXTRACTION of ORDERS COY COMDS Os TP COMDS Os SITUATION ENEMY FORCES: CDO OUTLINE ENEMY FORCES: COY AREA - DETAIL ------- COY AREA - OUTLINE TP AREA - DETAIL FRIENDLY FORCES: BDE COMDs - INTENT ------------------- CO’s - INTENT CO’s Msn/CONCEPT of Ops --------------- COY COMDs - Msn/ CONCEPT OF Ops MISSION EXECUTION CONCEPT of Ops SUB UNIT Msns CO-ORD INSTR ------------------------ CO-ORD INSTR SUMMARY of EXECUTION ------------- SUMMARY of EXECUTION
EXTRACTION of ORDERS COY COMDs Os TP COMDs Os SERVICE SP ------------ SERVICE SP COMD & SIGs ----------- COMD & SIGs
RECEIVING ORDERS u Equipment: - èTactical Aide Memoire. èPencils and Chinagraphs. èBinos, Compass and Protractor. èMap and Map Case. u Arrive Early Mark Map
ISSUE OF ORDERS u Concisely u Clearly u Confidently u Correct Sequence
CONTENT OF ORDERS u Comprehensive u Accurate u Clear and Unambiguous u Brief u Capable of Execution by Alt Comd if necessary u Timely
QUESTIONS u. Use to confirm points u Lay down your format for asking questions early (In prelims) u After each main Sequence heading u Do not allow your O Gp to become an “IRISH PARLIAMENT”