NATO MEMBERSHIP HU LESSONS LEARNED NATO INTEGRATION
AGENDA n Achievements prior to NATO membership n Military integration into NATO • Problems and shortfalls • Achievements n Current status of Integration n Hungarian Integration Program • Structure, reports and tracking n Initial steps • Identification of requirements.
ACHIEVEMENTS PRIOR TO MEMBERSHIP (1995 -1999) Elimination of the „mass army” n Reduction of authorization from over more than 100. 000 n The effects of CFE agreement n Changed political environment Establishment of new force development system n Development of a long-term concept (FORCE 2013) n Establishment of a modern force planning system n Integration into the NATO force planning system (DPQ, TFG) Implementation of the minimum military requirements n Integration of the air defense into NATINADS n INFOSEC n Assignment of personnel to NATO posts n Preparation of assigned forces
HUNGARIAN PARTICIPATION IN SFOR/KFOR MNB-N 1, 0 GE Slovenia Hungary 71 K m PODUJEVO K. MITROVICA Budapest VUCITRN Kaposvar. ISB Taszar Zagreb Croatia Hungarian ENG Contingent 350 Km Tuzla Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo PEC MNB-W Belgrade Serbia Montenegro Hungarian MSU Contingent Use of infrastructure and airspace (HNS) MNB-C PRISTINA KLINA DECANE MALISEVO GNJILANE ORAHOVAC STIMLJE UROSEVAC DAKOVICA SUVA REKA PRIZREN D. JANKOVIC MNB-E MNB-S Guard and Security Battalion
MILITARY INTEGRATION INTO NATO Land Forces integration JC SOUTH A F S O U T H KOSOVO Logistics DEDICATED PHALANX 2005 Tranformation of HDF AIRSOUTH Education & Training Air Force integration
SLOW EXECUTION – REASONS FOR FAILURE n n n Structure and not capability-oriented restructuring; Slow garrison closure, reallocation and disposition of excess materials; Inadequate material-technical conditions; Lack of necessary resources; Maintenance problems; Objective, resource mismatch.
NEW INITIATIVE IN NATO INTEGRATION The Government’s defense initiative includes: transition to a professional force; n the earliest possible execution of NATO military integration; n identification of requirements; n Defense Review; n technical modernization and development. n
OBJECTIVE OF MILITARY INTEGRATION The objective of military integration to NATO is to achieve interoperability by 2010. Follow accepted MATO procedures NATO doctrines and standards, in order to develop an effective and real cooperation with other members of the Alliance in various NATO operations.
THE ENDSTATE n n n The HDF will have interoperability of declared forces with NATO. HU will have complete integration into the NCS and all relevant planning procedures. Hungary will have adequate resources, infrastructure capability, Host Nation Support (HNS) and various National Support Elements to conduct and support NATO military operations.
AREAS OF INTEGRATION AFSOUTH – Integration Affirmation Program: Education Training & Courses Exercises Defense & Force Planning
PROBLEMS AND SHORTFALLS • NATO documentation is not available for users; • Lack of identification of certain NATO requirements; • Access to NATO documents is often denied (security clearances); • English language skills are not IAW requirements STANAG 6001; • The ‘Train the Trainer’ Program has failed; • Procedures with STANAGs (approval, ratification, introduction, implementation). A New INTEGRATION PROGRAM of Hungarian MOD should be developed.
OBJECTIVES OF INTEGRATION • Land Forces: Capability to participate in national or/and NATO led operations (preparation and readiness of staffs and units) • Air Force: Effective participation in the control of the Integrated Extended Airspace , and preparation and readiness for land operations support • Logistics: National Support Element and Host Nation Support • Education and Training: Education and training system which meet requirements of professional armed forces
CURRENT STATUS PHASE 1 Identification of required capabilities and relevant milestones PHASE 2 Preparation of specific national and NATO plans PHASE 3 Plan implementation 1 st phase until 2005 Full integration 2010 PHASE 4 Assessment, modification and redesigning
HU INTEGRATION PROGRAM n n n Contribute to the accomplishment of integration tasks; Identify the requirements for interoperability; Define the achievements and shortfalls; Monitor the implementation of requirements; Provide flexibility; Provide timeline and deadlines.
STRATEGY OF IMPLEMENTATION n Aim: n Procedure: Accomplishment of commitments • Adaptation of doctrines, procedures; • Their introduction into education, their use in exercises • Acquisitions of necessary assets; • Equipping with technical assets. n Action: training Training and Exercises: J 3 DS MOD Education: Education & Science Dept. MOD Force Planning: J 5 DS MOD and
STRUCTURE OF INTEGRATION PROGRAM n Principles of Integration – Conditions for accomplishment • General evaluation • Tasks for interoperability • Strategy of implementation • Special requirements for Land, Air and Logistics • Timeline • Tasks for successful accomplishment of DEDICATED PHALANX n Task list • Tasks – responsible authority - deadlines
REPORTS AND TRACKING SYSTEM n Current situation Detailed tasks and deadlines n Analysis and Evaluation n • accomplishment – differences - alternates n Decisions n Reports n Status of accomplishments, evaluation • • • 3 Month Report Information to AFSOUTH Annual Report
IDENTIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS Identification of requirements is essential to accomplish the integration. A special temporary Working Group has been established to carry out this task. STANAGs Allied Publications (APs) MC, Bi-MNC, Bi-SC documents ACE directives
WORKING GROUP ACTIVITY Review of each document Requirements Update of Force Development Registers ? Identification of specific requirements Distribution of documents to relevant units Designation of responsible organization(s) for processing
FORCE DEVELOPMENT REGISTERS Evaluation of current situation AFS, STANAG requirements OPEVAL /TACEVAL (A) Current situation (B) Planned TIMELINE 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 10% 30% ? (C) No plan 60% Contribution
ACHIVEMENT OF INTEROPERABILITY Units Equipping with assets Assessment of requirements Registers Costing Resource planning Procurements Influencing factors (e. g. : DEDICATED PHALANX) Priorities (decisions) Budget planning
MAJOR MILESTONES n n n n Identification of requirements (Working Group) 31 July 03 Update of Force Development Registers 31 August 03 Tailoring of educational requirements 01 September 03 Establishment of new training system December 03 Initial Planning Conference of DEDICATED PHALANX ’ 05 January 04 Implementation of DEDICATED PHALANX ’ 05 June-July 05 Education of NATO compatible syllabus since 01 September 05
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